Monoclonality of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the lung

Am J Pathol. 1999 Jan;154(1):249-54. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65271-6.


Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) of the lung has been postulated as a possible precursor lesion of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC). The clonality of AAHs from seven female patients was analyzed to determine whether AAH is a monoclonal expansion. All AAHs were identified in lungs surgically resected for BAC. The clonality of the BAC and bronchiolar metaplasia in each case was also analyzed. Approximately 500 cells in each lesion were precisely microdissected from methanol-fixed sections. Adjacent normal lung tissue was collected as a normal control. DNA was extracted for clonal analysis based on an X-chromosome-linked polymorphic marker, the human androgen receptor gene (HUMARA). HUMARA was found to be amplified with or without previous digestion by the methylation-sensitive restriction endonuclease Hpa II. Five cases were informative. All 10 AAHs and 7 BACs obtained from the informative cases showed monoclonality, whereas the control cells showed polyclonality. Three different AAH lesions in a single case showed both possible patterns of monoclonality. BAC and contiguous AAH showed identical monoclonality in two cases. Two lesions of bronchiolar metaplasia, which was considered reactive, were polyclonal. Our results demonstrated the monoclonal nature of AAH, and this finding suggests that AAH is a precursor of BAC or a preneoplastic condition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar / pathology
  • Adenoma / pathology*
  • Aged
  • Clone Cells / pathology
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Lung / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Precancerous Conditions / pathology
  • Receptors, Androgen / genetics


  • Genetic Markers
  • Receptors, Androgen