We previously noted that some aged human cortical specimens containing very low or negligible levels of amyloid beta-protein (As) by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) provided prominent signals at 6 approximately 8 kd on the Western blot, probably representing sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-stable Abeta dimer. Re-examination of the specificity of the EIA revealed that BAN50- and BNT77-based EIA, most commonly used for the quantitation of Abeta, capture SDS-dissociable Abeta but not SDS-stable Abeta dimer. Thus, all cortical specimens in which the levels of Abeta were below the detection limits of EIA were subjected to Western blot analysis. A fraction of such specimens contained SDS-stable dimer at 6 approximately 8 kd, but not SDS-dissociable A(beta) monomer at approximately 4 kd, as judged from the blot. This A(beta) dimer is unlikely to be generated after death, because (i) specimens with very short postmortem delay contained the A(beta) dimer, and (ii) until 12 hours postmortem, such SDS-stable A(beta) dimer is detected only faintly in PDAPP transgenic mice. The presence of A(beta) dimer in the cortex may characterize the accumulation of A(beta) in the human brain, which takes much longer than that in PDAPP transgenic mice.