Soccer players have a high risk of soft-tissue injuries to their legs. Fractures of the tibia and fibula represent a serious potential injury; despite this, the incidence of these fractures in soccer players is unknown. Shin guards have become the only protective devices that are required by international and collegiate soccer associations. Nonetheless, the protective ability of shin guards has only been studied to a limited extent. Shin guards are assumed to be most effective at reducing leg abrasions and contusions. The role of shin guards in protecting against fractures has yet to be determined. Further analysis of the clinical effectiveness and biomechanical properties of shin guards is necessary to reduce the rate of leg fractures.