Are brain injuries a significant problem in soccer?

Clin Sports Med. 1998 Oct;17(4):795-809, viii. doi: 10.1016/s0278-5919(05)70120-4.


This article examines the types of forces that the brain is subjected to in soccer, secondary to both acute brain injury and repetitive heading of the ball. The incidence of acute brain injury is reviewed, as well as studies documenting the effects of heading the ball. Finally, 10 actions are proposed that would make soccer a safer sport with respect to brain injuries and provide avenues for further study in this area.

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Brain Concussion / epidemiology
  • Brain Concussion / etiology
  • Brain Concussion / prevention & control
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology
  • Brain Injuries / etiology*
  • Brain Injuries / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Soccer / injuries*