Sense of coherence as a modifier of occupational stress exposure, stress perception, and experienced strain: a study of industrial managers

Psychol Rep. 1998 Dec;83(3 Pt 1):971-81. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1998.83.3.971.


750 male industrial managers participated in a survey specifying the role of sense of coherence in occupational stress. A strong sense of coherence buffered from strain almost independently of respondents' age, exposure to stressors, or perceived stressors; however, a strong sense of coherence was slightly related to the selection of individuals into jobs characterized by relatively low exposure to such stressors as lack of control and role ambiguity. Sense of coherence did not moderate the relationship among exposure to stressors, perceived stressors, and strain experienced.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*