The detection of intracranial infection continues to be a common reason for neuroradiologic examination. This review covers the neuroradiologic findings of the variety of common infections. It includes meningitis and its complications, as well as bacterial, viral, tuberculous, fungal, and parasitic diseases. Finally, a review of the common infections associated with AIDS is presented. With an increased ability to recognize such infections, radiologists should be able to supply their clinical colleagues with more specific diagnoses.