Work stress and health

Health Rep. 1998 Winter;10(3):47-62 (ENG); 49-66 (FRE).
[Article in English, French]


Objectives: This article describes work stress experienced by the employed population. It examines associations between job strain, job insecurity, physical demands, low co-worker support and low supervisor support, and four health outcomes: migraine, work injury, high blood pressure and psychological distress.

Data source: The data are from the household component of the 1994/95 National Population Health Survey conducted by Statistics Canada. Results are based on a sample of 9,023 employed Canadians aged 18 to 64.

Analytical techniques: Multivariate analyses were used to estimate associations between work stress and health problems, while controlling for other potential stressors.

Main results: Among men, job strain was associated with migraine and psychological distress, and among women, with work injury. Job insecurity was associated with migraine among women. High physical demands were related to work injury in both sexes. Low co-worker support was related to migraine among men, and to work injury and psychological distress among women.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data
  • Odds Ratio
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Work / psychology*
  • Work / statistics & numerical data