Which workers smoke?

Health Rep. 1998 Winter;10(3):35-45 (ENG); 35-47 (FRE).
[Article in English, French]


Objectives: This article examines differences by occupation in daily cigarette smoking prevalence and intensity among full-time workers, and how these differences are associated with smoking restrictions at work.

Data sources: Most of the data are from a Health Canada-sponsored Supplement to the 1994/95 National Population Health Survey (NPHS). The analysis is based on 5,674 respondents aged 15 to 64 who were full-time workers at the time of their interview. Comparable information is presented from the 1978/79 Canada Health Survey and the 1986 Labour Force Survey Smoking Supplement.

Main results: In 1994/95, 28% of full-time workers were daily smokers, and about a third of them smoked 25 or more cigarettes a day. Smoking prevalence and intensity were lowest among white-collar workers and highest among blue-collar workers. Since 1978/79, there has been an overall decline in smoking prevalence, and since 1986, a decline in smoking intensity among all workers except those in outdoor blue-collar occupations. About 6 in 10 full-time workers who smoked daily encountered restrictions at work.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations* / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Distribution
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Prevention