Background: This study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of performing advanced endoscopic procedures in infants under 5 kg.
Methods: Over a 51-month period 183 infants weighing 1.3 to 5.0 kg underwent 195 procedures using minimally invasive techniques. The majority of the procedures were performed using 3.5-mm instruments and 2.7-mm scopes. Procedures include Nissen fundoplication, pyloromyotomy, colon pull-through, patent ductus arteriosus closure, Ladd's procedure, colon resection, congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair, ovarian cyst excision, and exploration.
Results: All but two procedures were completed successfully endoscopically. There were two intraoperative complications and no mortality. Days to discharge for patients admitted for their specific procedure were Nissen 2.1, patent ductus arteriosus 2, pyloromyotomy 1, and pull-through 3.4.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that advanced endosurgical techniques in infants is safe, effective, and associated with the same benefit as that seen in older patients.