Signaling by the cytokine receptor superfamily

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 Dec 11;865:1-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb11157.x.

Abstract

A variety of cytokines that regulate functions of multiple lineages share the utilization of receptors that are structurally and functionally related and are referred to as the cytokine receptor superfamily. These receptors associate with one or more of the four mammalian Janus kinases (Jaks) and ligand-induced receptor aggregation results in their activation. Critical roles for Jak3 and Jak2 are demonstrated by the phenotypes of mice that lack each gene. Among the substrates of the Jaks are one or more of the seven members of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stats). Each Stat family member plays a critical role in the biological functions of specific cytokines as demonstrated by the phenotype of mice lacking one or more of these genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytokines / physiology*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • Janus Kinase 3
  • Mammals
  • Mice
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Receptors, Cytokine / physiology*
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT2 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism

Substances

  • Cytokines
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT1 protein, human
  • STAT2 Transcription Factor
  • Stat1 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • JAK2 protein, human
  • JAK3 protein, human
  • Jak2 protein, mouse
  • Jak3 protein, mouse
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • Janus Kinase 3