The leptotene-zygotene transition of meiosis

Annu Rev Genet. 1998;32:619-97. doi: 10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.619.


The leptotene/zygotene transition of meiosis, as defined by classical cytological studies, is the period when homologous chromosomes, already being discernible individualized entities, begin to be close together or touching over portions of their lengths. This period also includes the bouquet stage: Chromosome ends, which have already become integral components of the inner nuclear membrane, move into a polarized configuration, along with other nuclear envelope components. Chromosome movements, active or passive, also occur. The detailed nature of interhomologue interactions during this period, with special emphasis on the involvement of chromosome ends, and the overall role for meiosis and recombination of chromosome movement and, especially, the bouquet stage are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes / genetics
  • Chromosomes / physiology
  • Chromosomes / ultrastructure
  • Meiosis / genetics*
  • Models, Genetic
  • Movement
  • Nuclear Envelope / genetics
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Telomere / genetics