Using computer modeling to help identify patient subgroups in clinical data repositories

Proc AMIA Symp. 1998;180-4.

Abstract

Objective: The ability to accurately and efficiently identify patient cases of interest in a hospital information system has many important clinical, research, educational and administrative uses. The identification of cases of interest sometimes can be difficult. This paper describes a two-stage method for searching for cases of interest.

Design: First, a Boolean search is performed using coded database variables. The user classifies the retrieved cases as being of interest or not. Second, based on the user-classified cases, a computer model of the patient cases of interest is constructed. The model is then used to help locate additional cases. These cases provide an augmented training set for constructing a new computer model of the cases of interest. This cycle of modeling and user classification continues until halted by the user.

Measurements: This paper describes a pilot study in which this method is used to identify the records of patients who have venous thrombosis.

Results: The results indicate that computer modeling enhances the identification of patient cases of interest.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Hospital Information Systems
  • Humans
  • Information Storage and Retrieval*
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Methods
  • Patients / classification*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Venous Thrombosis*