Genome-wide scanning for type 2 diabetes susceptibility in Canadian Oji-Cree, using 190 microsatellite markers

J Hum Genet. 1999;44(1):10-4. doi: 10.1007/s100380050097.


We undertook a genome-wide scan using 190 markers with an average separation of 20 cM in 49 Canadian Oji-Cree sib pairs affected with type 2 diabetes. Four of these markers, one each on chromosomes 6, 8, 16, and 22, showed both suggestive linkage and suggestive association with type 2 diabetes in the Oji-Cree. None of these markers corresponded to any chromosomal region or marker that has so far been linked with type 2 diabetes in other populations. Thus, there might be several genetic loci that confer susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in this study sample. We are following up on these preliminary leads by increasing the density of the markers within these linked and associated regions, and also by increasing the number of study subjects. Also, we found instances in which there were wide disparities between the Oji-Cree and reference Caucasians with respect to marker heterozygosity. This suggests that a particular set of markers for genome-wide scanning will have different informativeness in different ethnic groups. Thus, different marker sets will likely be required for different ethnic groups in order to maximize their information content for linkage calculations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chromosomes, Human / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / genetics*
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Middle Aged
  • Ontario