Effects of regular insulin or insulin LISPRO on glucose metabolism after an oral glucose load in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Diabetes Metab. 1998 Dec;24(6):523-8.


Seven obese Type 2 diabetic patients were studied for two 4-h periods after ingestion of a glucose load to determine the effects of preprandial subcutaneous injection of Insulin Lispro (5 min before the meal) or regular insulin (20 min before the meal) on glucose metabolism. Glucose production and utilisation were measured using a dual isotope method. After Lispro, the mean postprandial increase in plasma glucose was 29% lower and the increase in insulin concentration 25% higher than after regular insulin (p < 0.05). Suppression of endogenous glucose production was similar with both types of insulin. Thus, preprandial injection of Lispro reduced postprandial glucose increments in Type 2 diabetic patients as compared to regular insulin. This effect is best explained by the increased postprandial bioavailability of Lispro.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Glucose / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Insulin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Insulin Lispro
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Insulin Lispro
  • Glucose