The present article is the fifth part of a comprehensive review on the arterial blood supply of the pancreas and deals with the dorsal pancreatic artery. The aim of this review is to summarise the anatomic studies, starting from Haller's reports, and to supply, as far as possible with original material, angiographic evidence for the classic anatomic notions. For this purpose, the overall research was carried out by studying 1015 selective angiographies (celiac trunk and its branches, superior mesenteric artery) taken from the angiographic archives of the Institutes of Radiology of Siena, Rome (Catholic University), and Perugia. Angiographically, the authors could demonstrate the dorsal pancreatic artery, present in most instances, as arising from the splenic artery, common hepatic artery, superior mesenteric artery or celiac trunk and accessory right hepatic artery as coming from the superior mesenteric artery. Variations in the course and length of the dorsal pancreatic artery were demonstrated as well as some collateral branches. The authors underline the discordant opinions still existing regarding the incidence of the different ways the dorsal pancreatic artery arises, and discuss its uncertain embryologic development and surgical relevance.