The restriction endonuclease pattern of a number of hsp70-homologous clones isolated from a library of heat shock cDNA from Drosophila auraria, a species belonging to the montium subgroup of the melanogaster species group, reveals two types of clones, A and B, differing in a single restriction site. Both types, as well as hsp70-specific probes derived from both hsp70 loci of Drosophila melanogaster, hybridize in situ with a single band at region 32 A of the 2L polytene arm, indicating a clustered organization of the hsp70 gene copies in D. auraria. The longest type B clone was sequenced and it was found that one strand contains an open reading frame (ORF) exhibiting great identity with a previously described hsp70 gene of D. auraria (now denoted as type A) and with its counterparts of D. melanogaster, while its second strand, unlike the type A clone, does not contain a long antiparallel coupled ORF (LAC ORF) because of a base substitution resulting in a premature stop codon. After additional data had been derived from isolation and characterization of hsp70-homologous genomic clones, together with Southern analysis of genomic DNA, we found that two hsp70 gene copies are present at the above locus of D. auraria with an inverted tandem repeat organization, while the presence of a third hsp70 gene is not clearly evident. The above results are compared with those observed at the homologous loci of some melanogaster subgroup species (D. melanogaster and its sibling species), in which, however, the hsp70 locus is duplicated, and with the more distantly related Dipteran Anopheles albimanus.