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, 199 (3), 649-61

Molecular Geometry of Inhibitors of the Uptake of Catecholamines and Serotonin in Synaptosomal Preparations of Rat Brain

  • PMID: 994022

Molecular Geometry of Inhibitors of the Uptake of Catecholamines and Serotonin in Synaptosomal Preparations of Rat Brain

B K Koe. J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

Abstract

Several compounds of relatively rigid molecular structure have been found to exert strong blockade of monoamine uptake by synaptosomal preparations of rat corpus striatum (dopamine and serotonin) and hypothalamus (norepinephrine). These include CP-24,441 (1R, 4S-N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthylamine), EXP-561 (4-phenylbicyclo[2.2.2]octan-1-amine), nomifensine and nefopam. The well-defined molecular geometry of the potent inhibitor EXP-561 is a fundamental structural/conformational requirement for uptake blocking activity for the large family of phenylbutylamine- and phenoxypropylamine-related inhibitors. The tubular configuration of EXP-561 may be the most appropriate for blocking serotonin uptake. The requisite conformation for blocking dopamine uptake appears to be defined by the combination resulting from superimposition of the CP-24,441 and nomifensine structures. The conformation defined by the combination resulting from superimposition of the CP-24-441 and desipramine structures is apparently optimal for blocking norepinephrine uptake. The conformational requirements for diphenylpropylamine-related uptake blockers may be defined by the rigid compound CP-39,332 (N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-naphthylamine). The actual potency of any given inhibitor is probably modulated by additional structural and stereochemical factors.

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