Multiple genetic diagnoses from single cells using multiplex PCR: reliability and allele dropout

Prenat Diagn. 1998 Dec;18(13):1413-21. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0223(199812)18:13<1413::aid-pd496>3.0.co;2-1.

Abstract

We used a multiplex fluorescent PCR system containing seven primer sets on single cells from three different cell types (buccal, corneal and blastomere cells) and more than 3500 heterozygous alleles to investigate reliability and extent of allele dropout in multiplex PCRs at the single cell level. All three cell types gave similarly high reliability, accuracy and allele dropout rates, with similar reliability between singleplex and multiplex PCRs. Allele dropout was also consistent between the three cell types and did not significantly increase as allele size increased. These results indicate that multiplex fluorescent PCR is a reliable and accurate method of obtaining multiple diagnosis (eight chromosomes simultaneously) from single cells and maximizes the information available from single cell analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • Blastomeres / cytology
  • Cheek
  • Cornea / cytology
  • Fertilization in Vitro
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Prenatal Diagnosis / methods*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity