Can the clearance of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6 be enhanced using an albumin dialysate hemodiafiltration system?

ASAIO J. 1999 Jan-Feb;45(1):47-9. doi: 10.1097/00002480-199901000-00011.


Patients with acute hepatic failure (AHF) have elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Recently, we have shown selective hemodiafiltration with albumin dialysis, as an extracorporeal liver support device (ECLVS), to be effective in the clearance of multiple toxins that are elevated in AHF. Our objective was to evaluate whether ECLVS would be effective in the clearance of TNF-alpha and IL-6. An in vitro continuous hemodiafiltration circuit was used with single pass counter-current dialysis. A known amount of recombinant rat TNF-alpha and IL-6 was added to heparinized bovine blood and filtered across a polyalkyl sulfone hemofilter using matched filtration and dialysate flow rates. During 4 hours, the serial TNF-alpha and IL-6 concentrations were measured in the circulating blood, and the content of each cytokine was calculated using mass balance. For each cytokine, clearance was determined for two dialysate groups at constant temperature and pH (group 1: dialysate = 0.9 normal saline, n = 5; group 2: dialysate = albumin 2 gm/dl, n = 5). Analysis of data was performed using ANOVA and Student's t-test. There was improved clearance of TNF-alpha and IL-6 when albumin was used in the dialysate (81+/-0.09% of the initial TNF-alpha and 77+/-0.04% of the IL-6 quantities) compared with when 0.9 normal saline was used as the dialysate (58+/-0.14% of the initial TNF-alpha and 56+/-0.18% of the IL-6 quantities); p < 0.03. An ECLVS utilizing hemodiafiltration with albumin dialysis is more effective than conventional hemofiltration in the clearance of TNF-alpha and IL-6 and, therefore, may benefit patients with acute hepatic failure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Albumins / administration & dosage*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Hemodiafiltration / methods*
  • Hemodialysis Solutions / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Interleukin-6 / blood*
  • Rats
  • Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacokinetics*


  • Albumins
  • Hemodialysis Solutions
  • Interleukin-6
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Sodium Chloride