This study set out to examine whether peer support and illness representation mediates the link between family support, self-management and well-being. Seventy-four participants (12-18-years-old) with type I diabetes mellitus completed questionnaires assessing their self-management, depression, anxiety, perceived social support and personal models of diabetes. Perceived impact of diabetes, but not perceived seriousness, and peer support were significant predictors of depression. Family support was a significant predictor of all self-management measures. However, for dietary self-management this relationship was partially mediated by the perceived efficacy of treatment to control diabetes, but not efficacy of treatment to prevent complications.
Copyright 1998 The Association of Professionals in Services for Adolescents.