Self-reported body-rocking and other habits in college students

Am J Ment Retard. 1999 Jan;104(1):1-10. doi: 10.1352/0895-8017(1999)104<0001:SBAOHI>2.0.CO;2.


A brief survey of eight motor habits, including body-rocking, was administered to two large samples of college undergraduates. A subsample was retested to establish survey reliability and validity. Those indicating engagement in body-rocking were interviewed about their body-rocking. Two psychopathology instruments were administered. The general prevalence of self-described body-rocking was higher than expected, and there were positive correlations among the eight habits. Body-rocking was usually related to negative affect and usually reported to begin during the school years and later. Many individuals said other family members engaged in body-rocking. Psychopathology assessments indicated higher levels of general distress and higher prevalence of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in this subsample compared with a group not reporting body-rocking.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology
  • Comorbidity
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Habits*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mood Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mood Disorders / epidemiology
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder / diagnosis
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Universities