prhJ and hrpG, two new components of the plant signal-dependent regulatory cascade controlled by PrhA in Ralstonia solanacearum

Mol Microbiol. 1999 Jan;31(1):237-51. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2958.1999.01165.x.


hrp gene expression in the phytopathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum GMI1000 is induced through the HrpB regulator in minimal medium and upon co-culture with plant cell suspensions. The putative outer membrane protein PrhA is specifically involved in hrp gene activation in the presence of plant cells and has been proposed to be a receptor of a plant-dependent signal transduction pathway. Here, we report on the identification of two regulatory genes, hrpG and prhJ, located at the right-hand end of the hrp gene cluster, that are required for full pathogenicity. HrpG belongs to the OmpR subclass of two-component response regulators and is homologous to HrpG, the activator of hrp genes in Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria. PrhJ is a novel hrp regulatory protein, sharing homology with the LuxR/UhpA family of transcriptional activators. As for HrpG of X. c. pv. vesicatoria, HrpG is required for hrp gene expression in minimal medium, but, in addition, we show that it also controls hrpB gene activation upon co-culture with Arabidopsis thaliana and tomato cell suspensions. In contrast, PrhJ is specifically involved in hrp gene expression in the presence of plant cells. hrpG and prhJ gene transcription is plant cell inducible through the PrhA-dependent pathway. From these results, we propose a regulatory cascade in which plant cell signal(s) sensed by PrhA are transduced to the prhJ gene, whose predicted product controls hrpG gene expression. HrpG then activates the hrpB regulatory gene, and, subsequently, the remaining hrp transcriptional units in all known inducing conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Culture Media
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lycopersicon esculentum
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Pseudomonas / genetics
  • Pseudomonas / pathogenicity
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Transcription Factors*
  • Transcriptional Activation


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Culture Media
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • HrpG protein, Xanthomonas campestris
  • PRHA protein, Arabidopsis
  • Plant Proteins
  • PrhJ protein, Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Transcription Factors

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ006694