Chemokines are a superfamily of small cytokine-like molecules which have been described primarily on the basis of their ability to mediate the migration of verious cell types, particularly those of lymphoid origin. The receptors for these molecules are all seven-transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptors that have historically been excellent targets for small-molecule drugs. This fact, coupled with the advent of large-scale DNA database mining and the recognition that chemokine receptors are also coreceptors for HIV, has driven discovery in this field at a tremendous rate. This process has included not just an expansion of the number of known chemokines and chemokine receptors, but also a greater appreciation for the variety of functions that chemokines are involved in. We review here the molecules that have come from the most recent years of chemokine research as well as many of the new functions that have been ascribed to them.