Activin: a novel player in tissue repair processes

Histol Histopathol. 1999 Jan;14(1):295-304. doi: 10.14670/HH-14.295.

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated a strong expression of activin in repair processes of various tissues and organs, including the skin, the lung, the intestine, the cardiovascular system, and even the brain. Although little is as yet known about the function of activin in tissue repair, first results suggest a role of activin in epithelial differentiation, fibroblast proliferation and expression of matrix molecules by these cells, and also in neuroprotection. Whereas a transient overexpression of activin after tissue injury might be beneficial for the repair process, sustained expression of activin could lead to fibrotic processes. Therefore, the modulation of the availability or biological activity of activin could be of particular importance for the treatment of impaired tissue repair on the one hand and tissue fibrosis on the other hand.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Activins
  • Animals
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Brain / pathology
  • Humans
  • Inhibins / physiology*
  • Regeneration*
  • Skin Physiological Phenomena
  • Wound Healing / physiology*

Substances

  • Activins
  • Inhibins