Recommendations for toxicological investigations of drug-facilitated sexual assaults

J Forensic Sci. 1999 Jan;44(1):227-30.


The recent increase in reports of drug-facilitated sexual assaults has caused alarm in the general public and prompted forensic toxicologists from across North America to address the toxicological issues surrounding this matter. The authors have developed recommendations and guidelines to inform law enforcement, medical, and scientific personnel of the requirements for performing successful toxicological examinations in cases of drug-facilitated rape.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Benzodiazepines / analysis
  • Female
  • Forensic Medicine / methods*
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Illicit Drugs / analysis*
  • Rape*
  • Sodium Oxybate / analysis
  • Substance Abuse Detection / methods*


  • Illicit Drugs
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Sodium Oxybate