Objectives: The study investigated whether an inducible alteration in endothelium-dependent relaxation in myometrial vessels could be correlated with plasma lipid composition.
Study design: Myometrial resistance vessels were obtained from 10 women with normal pregnancy undergoing elective cesarean delivery. Paired vessels were incubated with plasma samples from patients with preeclampsia or from women with normal pregnancy and mounted on a wire myograph. After contraction with vasopressin, the degree of relaxation in response to bradykinin was observed. Plasma samples were assayed for cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A1, and apolipoprotein B.
Results: A significant reduction in endothelium-dependent relaxation with respect to control values was observed in vessels incubated in plasma samples from patients with preeclampsia (P =.0001). Although no significant difference was noted between the lipid profiles of the 2 subgroups, a significant correlation was found between the vessel relaxation and the plasma content of apolipoprotein A1 (R2 = 0.36, P = .025).
Conclusion: Plasma samples from women with pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia are capable of altering endothelium-dependent myometrial vessel relaxation. A significant relationship between the apolipoprotein A1 concentration and endothelial behavior supports the suggestion that aberrant lipid metabolism may be involved in the endothelial dysfunction characteristic of preeclampsia.