Attitudes toward DSM-IV dissociative disorders diagnoses among board-certified American psychiatrists

Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Feb;156(2):321-3. doi: 10.1176/ajp.156.2.321.

Abstract

Objective: The authors assessed the opinions of American psychiatrists regarding the diagnostic status and scientific validity of the DSM-IV categories of dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder.

Method: A one-page questionnaire was mailed to a random national sample of 367 board-certified American psychiatrists.

Results: Three hundred one responses were received-a rate of 82%. Only about one-third of respondents replied that dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder should be included without reservations in DSM-IV; a larger proportion replied that these categories should be included only as proposed diagnoses. Only about one-quarter of respondents felt that diagnoses of dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder were supported by strong evidence of scientific validity.

Conclusions: Among board-certified American psychiatrists, there currently appears to be little consensus regarding the diagnostic status or scientific validity of dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder.

MeSH terms

  • Amnesia / classification
  • Amnesia / diagnosis
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Certification / standards*
  • Dissociative Disorders / classification
  • Dissociative Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder / classification
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatry / standards*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sampling Studies
  • Specialty Boards / standards
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • United States