Efficacy and specificity of antisense laminin chain-specific expression vectors in blocking laminin induction by TGFbeta1: effect of laminin blockade on TGFbeta1-mediated cellular responses

J Cell Physiol. 1999 Mar;178(3):296-303. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4652(199903)178:3<296::AID-JCP3>3.0.CO;2-F.


Transforming growth factorbeta1 (TGFbeta1) elicits a multitude of cellular responses from the epithelial-derived human colon cancer Moser cells. TGFbeta1 induces the expression of laminin and fibronectin, and previous studies show that the induction of fibronectin is functionally associated with the regulation of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) expression by TGFbeta1 (Huang and Chakrabarty, 1994, J Biol Chem 269:28764-28768). In this study we constructed antisense laminin chain-specific expression vectors and determined their efficacy in blocking the expression and the induction of the large multichain laminin molecule by TGFbeta1. We also determined the functional role of laminin in several TGFbeta1-mediated responses: growth inhibition, downmodulation of anchorage-independent growth, and cellular invasion. Expression of either antisense laminin chain A, B1, or B2 RNA resulted in a downmodulation of endogenous laminin mRNA expression and blocked the induction of laminin protein by TGFbeta1 without affecting the induction of other adhesion molecules such as fibronectin or CEA. It is concluded that antisense RNA directed to only one of the laminin chains was sufficient to disrupt the induction of the complex laminin molecule in quite a specific manner. Expression of antisense laminin RNA downregulated cellular adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) laminin and blocked the ability of TGFbeta1 to upmodulate adhesion to ECM laminin. Expression of antisense laminin RNA, however, did not alter the downregulating effect of TGFbeta1 on cellular proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, or cellular invasion, suggesting that the induction of laminin did not play a significant functional role in these TGFbeta1-mediated cellular responses. It is likely that other adhesion pathways may be involved in mediating the action of TGFbeta1 in this cell line.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / biosynthesis
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / genetics
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Division
  • Colonic Neoplasms
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix / physiology
  • Fibronectins / biosynthesis
  • Fibronectins / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Laminin / biosynthesis
  • Laminin / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • RNA, Antisense
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Transfection
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Fibronectins
  • Laminin
  • RNA, Antisense
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta