Overexpression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and HER2 (p185neu) may both contribute to the growth of human cancers. A humanized anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) 4D5 and a human-mouse chimeric anti-EGF receptor mAb C225 are currently being investigated in clinical trials for their anti-tumor activities. In the present study, we have examined the effect of concurrent treatment of OVCA 420 human ovarian cancer cells with mAb C225 and mAb 4D5. Exposure of OVCA420 cells to saturating concentrations of C225 (20 nM) for 7 days resulted in 40-50% growth inhibition, and exposure to 20 nM mAb 4D5 also resulted in 30-40% growth inhibition. The growth inhibition of OVCA420 cells by mAb C225 or 4D5 was associated with an increased G1 cell population; an increased level of a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27Kip1 with increased association of p27kip1 with CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6; and decreased activities of these CDKs. Combination treatment with concurrent exposure to mAbs C225 and 4D5 resulted in additive anti-proliferative effects on these cells, which was accompanied by enhanced G1 cell distribution, a greater increase in the levels of p27Kip1 and a greater decrease in the activities of CDK kinases. The anti-proliferative effects and related changes in cell cycle regulators induced by mAb 4D5, mAb C225 or the combination of the two mAbs could be reversed by concurrent exposure to exogenous EGF. Our data suggest the potential fruitful cooperation of anti-EGF receptor mAb and anti-HER2 mAb in the treatment of human cancers stimulated by EGF receptor and HER2 signals.