Pyoderma gangrenosum in a child with congenital partial deficiency of leucocyte adherence glycoproteins

Br J Dermatol. 1998 Dec;139(6):1064-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2133.1998.02567.x.


Congenital deficiency of beta 2 integrin leucocyte adhesion molecules is a rare immunodeficiency and is often fatal. Neutrophils are unable to bind to ligands on the endothelium, and so cannot leave the circulation during inflammation or infection. When leucocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is caused by abnormally low expression of beta 2 integrins, it is termed LAD type 1. We describe a 5-year-old girl with a history of recurrent bacterial infections since early childhood who developed necrotic skin ulcers resembling pyoderma gangrenosum and a persistent circulating neutrophilia. Histologically, the lesions showed deep ulceration with a diffuse lymphohistiocytic infiltrate, but with a relative sparsity of neutrophils. Subsequent investigation revealed a complete absence of CD11a/CD18 beta 2 integrins on the surface of the patient's neutrophils, confirming the diagnosis of LAD type 1. The ulcers responded to treatment with oral prednisolone and colchicine.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • CD11 Antigens / metabolism
  • CD18 Antigens / metabolism
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte-Adhesion Deficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Prednisolone / therapeutic use
  • Pyoderma Gangrenosum / drug therapy
  • Pyoderma Gangrenosum / etiology*


  • CD11 Antigens
  • CD18 Antigens
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Prednisolone