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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1788 1
1792 1
1794 3
1797 2
1800 2
1811 1
1812 1
1838 1
1840 1
1846 2
1847 1
1848 1
1856 1
1860 3
1861 2
1862 1
1863 1
1865 1
1869 1
1871 1
1873 1
1874 2
1876 1
1878 3
1879 1
1882 1
1883 3
1885 2
1886 1
1887 1
1888 2
1889 1
1890 1
1892 1
1893 1
1894 2
1895 2
1896 1
1897 9
1898 3
1899 1
1900 3
1908 1
1912 1
1913 1
1917 1
1918 1
1925 1
1926 12
1927 11
1928 6
1929 13
1930 8
1931 11
1932 15
1933 11
1934 20
1935 17
1936 7
1938 1
1940 1
1942 2
1943 1
1946 1
1947 3
1948 2
1950 4
1951 16
1952 15
1953 11
1954 10
1955 3
1956 8
1957 7
1958 4
1959 7
1960 5
1961 10
1962 3
1963 6
1964 12
1965 11
1966 5
1967 19
1968 7
1969 25
1970 22
1971 36
1972 23
1973 21
1974 24
1975 70
1976 52
1977 65
1978 52
1979 86
1980 97
1981 100
1982 127
1983 147
1984 134
1985 145
1986 170
1987 212
1988 247
1989 262
1990 305
1991 245
1992 1245
1993 1450
1994 1279
1995 986
1996 604
1997 421
1998 282
1999 320
2000 351
2001 333
2002 353
2003 281
2004 273
2005 252
2006 246
2007 254
2008 246
2009 239
2010 267
2011 241
2012 257
2013 369
2014 822
2015 943
2016 836
2017 804
2018 947
2019 1147
2020 1434
2021 1659
2022 1664
2023 1751
2024 747

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24,720 results

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The following term was not found in PubMed: Ghaed-Abdi
Page 1
Surgical trends in breast cancer: a rise in novel operative treatment options over a 12 year analysis.
Jonczyk MM, Jean J, Graham R, Chatterjee A. Jonczyk MM, et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Jan;173(2):267-274. doi: 10.1007/s10549-018-5018-1. Epub 2018 Oct 25. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019. PMID: 30361873 Free PMC article. Review.
Few studies have analyzed national trends for the multitude of surgical options that include partial mastectomy (PM), mastectomy without reconstruction (M), mastectomy with reconstruction (M+R), and PM with oncoplastic reconstruction (OS). We hypothesize that the us …
Few studies have analyzed national trends for the multitude of surgical options that include partial mastectomy (PM), mastectomy without rec …
N.m.r. and biochemistry.
Campbell ID. Campbell ID. Biochem Soc Trans. 1991 Apr;19(2):243-8. doi: 10.1042/bst0190243. Biochem Soc Trans. 1991. PMID: 1889606 Review.
The role and historical progress of n.m.r. applications in biochemistry are briefly outlined. Technical advances over the years have made n.m.r., at last, a technique which can give valuable information about a wide range of biochemical topics, from en …
The role and historical progress of n.m.r. applications in biochemistry are briefly outlined. Technical advances over the year …
The cell as a realization of the (M, R) system.
Vega F. Vega F. Biosystems. 2023 Mar;225:104846. doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2023.104846. Epub 2023 Feb 10. Biosystems. 2023. PMID: 36775022 Free article.
Robert Rosen defines organisms as natural systems closed to efficient causation, and proposes the (M, R) system as a model for them. He argues that the study of this formal system provides an understanding of living beings that cannot be obtained from conventional b …
Robert Rosen defines organisms as natural systems closed to efficient causation, and proposes the (M, R) system as a model for …
Rosen's (M,R) system in Unified Modelling Language.
Zhang L, Williams RA, Gatherer D. Zhang L, et al. Biosystems. 2016 Jan;139:29-36. doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2015.12.006. Epub 2015 Dec 23. Biosystems. 2016. PMID: 26723228 Free article.
Robert Rosen's (M,R) system is an abstract biological network architecture that is allegedly non-computable on a Turing machine. If (M,R) is truly non-computable, there are serious implications for the modelling of large biological networks in computer …
Robert Rosen's (M,R) system is an abstract biological network architecture that is allegedly non-computable on a Turing machin …
Theoretical Studies of Mutual Effects between 6-m-r Hemiketalization and 26-m-r Lactonization in Pimaricin Thioesterase.
Jiang C, Zhou Y, Tao W, Ji S, Mao Y, Shi T, Zheng J, Bai L, Zhao YL. Jiang C, et al. Chem Asian J. 2023 Apr 3;18(7):e202201229. doi: 10.1002/asia.202201229. Epub 2023 Feb 13. Chem Asian J. 2023. PMID: 36755200
As a thioesterase in type-I polyketide synthase, pimTE controls the 26-m-r macrolide main chain release in pimaricin biosynthesis. In this work, we sought to determine whether the 6-m-r hemiketal formation was linked to pimTE-catalyzed 26-m-r
As a thioesterase in type-I polyketide synthase, pimTE controls the 26-m-r macrolide main chain release in pimaricin biosynthe …
Organizational invariance in (M,R)-systems.
Cornish-Bowden A, Cárdenas ML. Cornish-Bowden A, et al. Chem Biodivers. 2007 Oct;4(10):2396-406. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.200790195. Chem Biodivers. 2007. PMID: 17955465
Although it is not difficult to construct a model metabolic system to represent an (M,R)-system, such a model system will typically appear to lack organizational invariance, an essential property of a living (M,R)-system. To have this property, an ( …
Although it is not difficult to construct a model metabolic system to represent an (M,R)-system, such a model system will typi …
Extremophilic Microfactories: Applications in Metal and Radionuclide Bioremediation.
Marques CR. Marques CR. Front Microbiol. 2018 Jun 1;9:1191. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01191. eCollection 2018. Front Microbiol. 2018. PMID: 29910794 Free PMC article. Review.
However, the natural physiological plasticity of such extremophilic microfactories can be further explored to nourish different hallmarks of M&R bioremediation, which are scantly approached in the literature and were never integrated. Therefore, this review not …
However, the natural physiological plasticity of such extremophilic microfactories can be further explored to nourish different hallmarks of …
Rosen's (M,R) system in process algebra.
Gatherer D, Galpin V. Gatherer D, et al. BMC Syst Biol. 2013 Nov 17;7:128. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-7-128. BMC Syst Biol. 2013. PMID: 24237684 Free PMC article.
RESULTS: We instantiate (M,R) using the process algebra Bio-PEPA, and discuss the extent to which our model represents a true realization of (M,R). ...CONCLUSIONS: We argue that the behaviour of (M,R) in Bio-PEPA shows life-like propertie …
RESULTS: We instantiate (M,R) using the process algebra Bio-PEPA, and discuss the extent to which our model represents a true …
Rosen's (M,R) system as an X-machine.
Palmer ML, Williams RA, Gatherer D. Palmer ML, et al. J Theor Biol. 2016 Nov 7;408:97-104. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.08.007. Epub 2016 Aug 9. J Theor Biol. 2016. PMID: 27519952
Robert Rosen's (M,R) system is an abstract biological network architecture that is allegedly both irreducible to sub-models of its component states and non-computable on a Turing machine. (M,R) stands as an obstacle to both reductionist and mechanistic …
Robert Rosen's (M,R) system is an abstract biological network architecture that is allegedly both irreducible to sub-models of …
Self-organization at the origin of life.
Cornish-Bowden A, Cárdenas ML. Cornish-Bowden A, et al. J Theor Biol. 2008 Jun 7;252(3):411-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.07.035. Epub 2007 Aug 14. J Theor Biol. 2008. PMID: 17889904 Review.
The concept of an (M,R) system with organizational invariance allows one to understand how a system may be able to maintain itself indefinitely if it is coupled to an external source of energy and materials. ...To take a further step towards defining what it means t …
The concept of an (M,R) system with organizational invariance allows one to understand how a system may be able to maintain it …
24,720 results
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