Skip to main page content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation

Search Page


My NCBI Filters

Results by year

Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
2020 1
2021 3
2022 4
2023 4
2024 3

Text availability

Article attribute

Article type

Publication date

Search Results

14 results

Results by year

Filters applied: . Clear all
Page 1
Did you mean willige b[au] (23 results)?
How particular is the physics of the free energy principle?
Aguilera M, Millidge B, Tschantz A, Buckley CL. Aguilera M, et al. Among authors: millidge b. Phys Life Rev. 2022 Mar;40:24-50. doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2021.11.001. Epub 2021 Nov 23. Phys Life Rev. 2022. PMID: 34895862 Free PMC article. Review.
Collective behavior from surprise minimization.
Heins C, Millidge B, Da Costa L, Mann RP, Friston KJ, Couzin ID. Heins C, et al. Among authors: millidge b. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024 Apr 23;121(17):e2320239121. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2320239121. Epub 2024 Apr 17. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024. PMID: 38630721 Free PMC article.
Hybrid predictive coding: Inferring, fast and slow.
Tscshantz A, Millidge B, Seth AK, Buckley CL. Tscshantz A, et al. Among authors: millidge b. PLoS Comput Biol. 2023 Aug 2;19(8):e1011280. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1011280. eCollection 2023 Aug. PLoS Comput Biol. 2023. PMID: 37531366 Free PMC article.
Predictive coding networks for temporal prediction.
Millidge B, Tang M, Osanlouy M, Harper NS, Bogacz R. Millidge B, et al. PLoS Comput Biol. 2024 Apr 1;20(4):e1011183. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1011183. eCollection 2024 Apr. PLoS Comput Biol. 2024. PMID: 38557984 Free PMC article.
Whence the Expected Free Energy?
Millidge B, Tschantz A, Buckley CL. Millidge B, et al. Neural Comput. 2021 Feb;33(2):447-482. doi: 10.1162/neco_a_01354. Epub 2021 Jan 5. Neural Comput. 2021. PMID: 33400900
Learning on Arbitrary Graph Topologies via Predictive Coding.
Salvatori T, Pinchetti L, Millidge B, Song Y, Bao T, Bogacz R, Lukasiewicz T. Salvatori T, et al. Among authors: millidge b. Adv Neural Inf Process Syst. 2022 Nov;35:38232-38244. Adv Neural Inf Process Syst. 2022. PMID: 37090087 Free PMC article.
On Bayesian mechanics: a physics of and by beliefs.
Ramstead MJD, Sakthivadivel DAR, Heins C, Koudahl M, Millidge B, Da Costa L, Klein B, Friston KJ. Ramstead MJD, et al. Among authors: millidge b. Interface Focus. 2023 Apr 14;13(3):20220029. doi: 10.1098/rsfs.2022.0029. eCollection 2023 Jun 6. Interface Focus. 2023. PMID: 37213925 Free PMC article.
14 results