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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1983 1
1988 2
1989 3
1991 1
1992 5
1993 1
1995 1
1998 1
2012 1
2014 1
2017 1
2018 2
2020 1
2021 1
2023 1
2024 0

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22 results

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Page 1
Caramel color safety - An update.
Vollmuth TA. Vollmuth TA. Food Chem Toxicol. 2018 Jan;111:578-596. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.12.004. Epub 2017 Dec 5. Food Chem Toxicol. 2018. PMID: 29222054 Free article. Review.
The four distinct classes of caramel color (Plain Caramel, Sulfite Caramel, Ammonia Caramel, and Sulfite Ammonia Caramel) are well characterized and each have specifications that take into account processing variables including reactants that can give …
The four distinct classes of caramel color (Plain Caramel, Sulfite Caramel, Ammonia Caramel, and Sulfite Ammonia Car
Effect of ascorbic acid on the properties of ammonia caramel colorant additives and acrylamide formation.
Chen H, Gu Z. Chen H, et al. J Food Sci. 2014 Sep;79(9):C1678-82. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.12560. Epub 2014 Sep 9. J Food Sci. 2014. PMID: 25204396
Antioxidants are known to inhibit acrylamide formation during the Maillard reaction, and they may affect the properties of the ammonia caramel products. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the antioxidant ascorbic acid on the propertie …
Antioxidants are known to inhibit acrylamide formation during the Maillard reaction, and they may affect the properties of the ammonia
Caramel colour and process contaminants in foods and beverages: Part II - Occurrence data and exposure assessment of 2-acetyl-4-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydroxybutyl)imidazole (THI) and 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI) in Belgium.
Fierens T, Van Holderbeke M, Cornelis C, Jacobs G, Sioen I, De Maeyer M, Vinkx C, Vanermen G. Fierens T, et al. Food Chem. 2018 Jul 30;255:372-379. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.02.013. Epub 2018 Feb 3. Food Chem. 2018. PMID: 29571489
In Europe, 2-acetyl-4-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydroxybutyl)imidazole (THI) and 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI) are - to a certain level - allowed to be present in the food colours ammonia caramel (E 150c) and sulphite ammonia caramel (E 150d). Besides their presence i …
In Europe, 2-acetyl-4-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydroxybutyl)imidazole (THI) and 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI) are - to a certain level - allowed to be pres …
Effect of oral and parenteral administration of B6 vitamers on the lymphopenia produced by feeding ammonia caramel or 2-acetyl-4(5)-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydroxy)butylimidazole to rats.
Gobin SJ, Paine AJ. Gobin SJ, et al. Food Chem Toxicol. 1989 Oct;27(10):627-30. doi: 10.1016/0278-6915(89)90116-6. Food Chem Toxicol. 1989. PMID: 2606399
The ability of B6 vitamers to prevent the lymphopenic effects of ammonia caramel fed to rats has been evaluated. Diets containing 10 ppm pyridoxine or pyridoxal prevented the lymphopenia produced in rats consuming an 8% (w/v) solution of ammonia caramel
The ability of B6 vitamers to prevent the lymphopenic effects of ammonia caramel fed to rats has been evaluated. Diets contain …
Effects of Caramel Colour III on the number of blood lymphocytes: a human study on Caramel Colour III immunotoxicity and a comparison of the results with data from rat studies.
Houben GF, van Dokkum W, van Loveren H, Penninks AH, Seinen W, Spanhaak S, Ockhuizen T. Houben GF, et al. Food Chem Toxicol. 1992 May;30(5):427-30. doi: 10.1016/0278-6915(92)90070-2. Food Chem Toxicol. 1992. PMID: 1644384
Administration of the colour additive Ammonia Caramel Colour (Caramel Colour III) to rats has been associated with decreased lymphocyte counts, specifically in rats fed a diet low in vitamin B6. ...
Administration of the colour additive Ammonia Caramel Colour (Caramel Colour III) to rats has been associated with decreased l …
Flavor and sensory profile of Chinese traditional fish noodles produced by different silver carp (hypophthalmichthys molitrix) mince ingredients.
Zhou H, Hu Z, Liu Y, Xiong S. Zhou H, et al. Food Chem X. 2023 Nov 1;20:100977. doi: 10.1016/j.fochx.2023.100977. eCollection 2023 Dec 30. Food Chem X. 2023. PMID: 38144732 Free PMC article.
The free choice profiling (FCP) and check all that apply (CATA) sensory analysis methods were utilized to identify 10 characteristic descriptors, which include "grass, fish fragrance, unpleasant fishy, fatty, roast, ammonia, caramel, warmed-over, earthy, and mushroo …
The free choice profiling (FCP) and check all that apply (CATA) sensory analysis methods were utilized to identify 10 characteristic descrip …
Mutagenic activity at different stages of an industrial ammonia caramel process detected in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 following pre-incubation.
Jensen NJ, Willumsen D, Knudsen I. Jensen NJ, et al. Food Chem Toxicol. 1983 Oct;21(5):527-30. doi: 10.1016/0278-6915(83)90135-7. Food Chem Toxicol. 1983. PMID: 6360827
Mutagenic activity of a commercial ammonia caramel colouring was demonstrated in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 without metabolic activation. ...
Mutagenic activity of a commercial ammonia caramel colouring was demonstrated in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 without metaboli …
Lymphopenic effects on mice of a component of ammonia caramel, 2-acetyl-4(5)-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole (THI).
Iscaro A, Mackay IR, O'Brien C. Iscaro A, et al. Immunol Cell Biol. 1988 Oct-Dec;66 ( Pt 5-6):395-402. doi: 10.1038/icb.1988.51. Immunol Cell Biol. 1988. PMID: 3147240
A derivative of ammonia caramel colour (AC) is known to induce a selective lymphopenia in rats. ...
A derivative of ammonia caramel colour (AC) is known to induce a selective lymphopenia in rats. ...
Exposure to food additive mixtures in 106,000 French adults from the NutriNet-Santé cohort.
Chazelas E, Druesne-Pecollo N, Esseddik Y, de Edelenyi FS, Agaesse C, De Sa A, Lutchia R, Rebouillat P, Srour B, Debras C, Wendeu-Foyet G, Huybrechts I, Pierre F, Coumoul X, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E, Allès B, Galan P, Hercberg S, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Touvier M. Chazelas E, et al. Sci Rep. 2021 Oct 4;11(1):19680. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-98496-6. Sci Rep. 2021. PMID: 34608173 Free PMC article.
The top 50 also included several food additives for which potential adverse health effects have been suggested by recent experimental studies: lecithins (86.6% consumers), mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (78.1%), carrageenan (77.5%), sodium nitrite (73.9%), di-, tri- and po …
The top 50 also included several food additives for which potential adverse health effects have been suggested by recent experimental studie …
22 results