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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1975 1
1978 1
1979 1
1980 1
1983 1
1986 1
1987 1
1989 1
1990 2
1992 3
1993 4
1994 2
1995 1
1996 1
1997 2
1998 7
1999 4
2000 8
2001 1
2002 9
2003 10
2004 13
2005 12
2006 12
2007 12
2008 22
2009 35
2010 33
2011 35
2012 33
2013 41
2014 38
2015 40
2016 35
2017 26
2018 34
2019 11
2020 0
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442 results
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Page 1
Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
Sacks FM, et al. N Engl J Med 2009 - Clinical Trial. PMID 19246357 Free PMC article.
METHODS: We randomly assigned 811 overweight adults to one of four diets; the targeted percentages of energy derived from fat, protein, and carbohydrates in the four diets were 20, 15, and 65%; 20, 25, and 55%; 40, 15, and 45%; and 40, 25, and 35%. ...By 2 years, weight loss remained similar in those who were assigned to a diet with 15% protein and those assigned to a diet with 25% protein (3.0 and 3.6 kg, respectively); in those assigned to a diet with 20% fat and those assigned to a diet with 40% fat (3.3 kg for both groups); and in those assigned to a diet with 65% carbohydrates and those assigned to a diet with 35% carbohydrates (2.9 and 3.4 kg, respectively) (P>0.20 for all comparisons). ...
METHODS: We randomly assigned 811 overweight adults to one of four diets; the targeted percentages of energy derived from fat, protei
Do intermittent diets provide physiological benefits over continuous diets for weight loss? A systematic review of clinical trials
Seimon RV, et al. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2015 - Review. PMID 26384657
To address this possibility, we systematically searched MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, PubMed and Cinahl and reviewed adaptive responses to energy restriction in 40 publications involving humans of any age or body mass index that had undergone a diet involving intermittent energy restriction, 12 with direct comparison to continuous energy restriction. ...
To address this possibility, we systematically searched MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, PubMed and Cinahl and reviewed adaptive responses to energy res …
Healthy strategies for successful weight loss and weight maintenance: a systematic review
Ramage S, et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2014 - Review. PMID 24383502 Free article.
The rates of overweight and obesity are rising in Canada and worldwide, and there is a need for effective methods for weight loss and weight maintenance to empower individuals to make changes. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence available for successful diet strategies for weight loss and weight maintenance among adults. ...
The rates of overweight and obesity are rising in Canada and worldwide, and there is a need for effective methods for weight loss and …
Pros & cons of some popular extreme weight-loss diets
Joshi S and Mohan V. Indian J Med Res 2018 - Review. PMID 30666989 Free PMC article.
Such extreme diets not only make the diet unbalanced but also have safety issues. Moreover, these are not sustainable in the long run. ...
Such extreme diets not only make the diet unbalanced but also have safety issues. Moreover, these are not sustainable in the long run …
Intermittent fasting interventions for treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Harris L, et al. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2018. PMID 29419624
Intermittent energy restriction interventions were compared to no treatment (ad libitum diet) or usual care (continuous energy restriction ∼25% of recommended energy intake). ...METHODS: A systematic search was conducted from database inception to November 2015. The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, ISRCTN registry, and anzctr.org.au for English language published studies, protocols and trials. ...
Intermittent energy restriction interventions were compared to no treatment (ad libitum diet) or usual care (continuous energy restri …
A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity.
Samaha FF, et al. N Engl J Med 2003 - Clinical Trial. PMID 12761364 Free article.
BACKGROUND: The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely assessed. METHODS: We randomly assigned 132 severely obese subjects (including 77 blacks and 23 women) with a mean body-mass index of 43 and a high prevalence of diabetes (39 percent) or the metabolic syndrome (43 percent) to a carbohydrate-restricted (low-carbohydrate) diet or a calorie- and fat-restricted (low-fat) diet. ...
BACKGROUND: The effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on weight loss and risk factors for atherosclerosis have been incompletely …
Very Low-Calorie Diet and 6 Months of Weight Stability in Type 2 Diabetes: Pathophysiological Changes in Responders and Nonresponders.
Steven S, et al. Diabetes Care 2016 - Clinical Trial. PMID 27002059
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: People with a T2DM duration of 0.5-23 years (n = 30) followed a VLCD for 8 weeks. All oral agents or insulins were stopped at baseline. ...Twelve of 30 participants achieved fasting plasma glucose <7 mmol/L after return to isocaloric diet (responders), and 13 of 30 after 6 months. ...
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: People with a T2DM duration of 0.5-23 years (n = 30) followed a VLCD for 8 weeks. All oral agents or ins …
Pathways from dieting to weight regain, to obesity and to the metabolic syndrome: an overview
Dulloo AG and Montani JP. Obes Rev 2015 - Review. PMID 25614198
Every year, scores of millions of people - as diverse as obese and lean, teenagers and older adults, sedentary and elite athletes, commoners and celebrities - attempt to lose weight on some form of diet. They are often encouraged by their parents, friends, health professionals, training coaches, a media that promotes a slim image and a diet-industry that in Europe and United States alone has an annual turnover in excess of $150 billion. ...
Every year, scores of millions of people - as diverse as obese and lean, teenagers and older adults, sedentary and elite athletes, commoners …
Intermittent fasting combined with calorie restriction is effective for weight loss and cardio-protection in obese women
Klempel MC, et al. Nutr J 2012 - Clinical Trial. PMID 23171320 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of IF plus CR (with or without a liquid diet) on body weight, body composition, and CHD risk. METHODS: Obese women (n = 54) were randomized to either the IFCR-liquid (IFCR-L) or IFCR-food based (IFCR-F) diet. The trial had two phases: 1) 2-week weight maintenance period, and 2) 8-week weight loss period. ...
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of IF plus CR (with or without a liquid diet) on body weight, body composition, and CHD ri …
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