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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1948 4
1952 2
1953 1
1957 1
1960 2
1965 1
1966 3
1967 4
1970 3
1972 1
1973 3
1974 1
1975 2
1976 3
1977 2
1979 5
1980 4
1981 1
1982 1
1983 5
1984 2
1985 3
1986 1
1987 3
1988 13
1989 153
1990 638
1991 887
1992 982
1993 988
1994 1094
1995 1319
1996 1341
1997 1385
1998 1471
1999 1671
2000 1779
2001 1885
2002 2094
2003 2193
2004 2402
2005 2724
2006 3312
2007 3526
2008 3693
2009 3571
2010 4041
2011 4530
2012 4912
2013 5108
2014 5394
2015 5479
2016 5505
2017 5542
2018 5578
2019 2664
2020 25
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77,014 results
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Page 1
Integrative biology of exercise.
Hawley JA, et al. Cell 2014 - Review. PMID 25417152 Free article.
To meet this challenge, multiple integrated and often redundant responses operate to blunt the homeostatic threats generated by exercise-induced increases in muscle energy and oxygen demand. The application of molecular techniques to exercise biology has provided greater understanding of the multiplicity and complexity of cellular networks involved in exercise responses, and recent discoveries offer perspectives on the mechanisms by which muscle "communicates" with other organs and mediates the beneficial effects of exercise on health and performance....
To meet this challenge, multiple integrated and often redundant responses operate to blunt the homeostatic threats generated by exercise
Exercise-induced adaptations to white and brown adipose tissue.
Lehnig AC and Stanford KI. J Exp Biol 2018 - Review. PMID 29514893 Free PMC article.
The beneficial effects of exercise on skeletal muscle and the cardiovascular system have long been known. Recent studies have focused on investigating the effects of exercise on adipose tissue and the effects that these exercise-induced adaptations have on overall metabolic health. Examination of exercise-induced adaptations in both white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) has revealed marked differences in each tissue with exercise. ...
The beneficial effects of exercise on skeletal muscle and the cardiovascular system have long been known. Recent studies have focused …
Adaptations of skeletal muscle mitochondria to exercise training.
Lundby C and Jacobs RA. Exp Physiol 2016 - Review. PMID 26440213 Free article.
With exercise training, Mito(VD) may increase by up to 40% and is, for the most part, related to an increase in Mito(IMF). Exercise-induced adaptations in mitochondrial function depend on the intensity of training and appear to be explained predominately by an increased expression of mitochondrial enzymes that facilitate aerobic metabolism. ...
With exercise training, Mito(VD) may increase by up to 40% and is, for the most part, related to an increase in Mito(IMF). Exercis
Running Changes the Brain: the Long and the Short of It
Vivar C and van Praag H. Physiology (Bethesda) 2017 - Review. PMID 29021361 Free PMC article.
Exercise is a simple intervention that profoundly benefits cognition. In rodents, running increases neurogenesis in the hippocampus, a brain area important for memory. ...We highlight the effects of exercise on the neurotransmitter systems involved, with a focus on the role of glutamate and acetylcholine in the initial development of new neurons in the adult brain....
Exercise is a simple intervention that profoundly benefits cognition. In rodents, running increases neurogenesis in the hippocampus,
Effects of Physical Exercise on Markers of Cellular Immunosenescence: A Systematic Review.
Cao Dinh H, et al. Calcif Tissue Int 2017 - Review. PMID 27866236
Consequently, exercise is being considered as a safe mode of intervention to reduce immunosenescence. The aim of this review was to appraise the existing evidence regarding the impact of exercise on surface markers of cellular immunosenescence in either young and old humans or animals. ...We can conclude that exercise has considerable effects on markers of cellular aspects of the immune system. However, very few studies have been conducted so far to investigate the effects of exercise on markers of cellular immunosenescence in elderly persons. ...
Consequently, exercise is being considered as a safe mode of intervention to reduce immunosenescence. The aim of this review was to a …
Running exercise strengthens the intervertebral disc.
Belavý DL, et al. Sci Rep 2017. PMID 28422125 Free PMC article.
There is currently no evidence that the intervertebral discs (IVDs) can respond positively to exercise in humans. Some authors have argued that IVD metabolism in humans is too slow to respond anabolically to exercise within the human lifespan. ...These findings represent the first evidence in humans that exercise can be beneficial for the IVD and provide support for the notion that specific exercise protocols may improve IVD material properties in the spine. ...
There is currently no evidence that the intervertebral discs (IVDs) can respond positively to exercise in humans. Some authors have a …
High-Intensity Exercise and Mitochondrial Biogenesis: Current Controversies and Future Research Directions.
Bishop DJ, et al. Physiology (Bethesda) 2019 - Review. PMID 30540234 Free article.
It is well established that different types of exercise can provide a powerful stimulus for mitochondrial biogenesis. However, there are conflicting findings in the literature, and a consensus has not been reached regarding the efficacy of high-intensity exercise to promote mitochondrial biogenesis in humans. ...
It is well established that different types of exercise can provide a powerful stimulus for mitochondrial biogenesis. However, there …
Does the Mode of Exercise Influence the Benefits Obtained by Green Exercise?
Fraser M, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019. PMID 31434352 Free PMC article.
Green exercise studies have tended to use walking as a modality of exercise to establish benefits to mental health. Whether green exercise benefits translate into different forms of green exercise has been deemed an important research gap. ...In agreement with the Attention Restoration Theory, the current study demonstrates that the benefits of green exercise are somewhat reduced when greater levels of directed attention towards the activity are exhibited during green exercise....
Green exercise studies have tended to use walking as a modality of exercise to establish benefits to mental health. Whether gr …
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