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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1946 2
1947 2
1948 2
1950 1
1951 3
1952 1
1953 1
1954 1
1956 1
1957 2
1958 3
1959 1
1960 1
1961 1
1962 3
1963 1
1965 1
1967 1
1982 1
1986 34
1987 74
1988 91
1989 107
1990 115
1991 131
1992 114
1993 150
1994 163
1995 170
1996 212
1997 189
1998 191
1999 252
2000 294
2001 373
2002 331
2003 447
2004 565
2005 495
2006 550
2007 603
2008 623
2009 571
2010 677
2011 699
2012 784
2013 850
2014 845
2015 885
2016 872
2017 901
2018 725
2019 305
2020 6
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12,914 results
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Page 1
Chronic pain as a symptom or a disease: the IASP Classification of Chronic Pain for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11).
Treede RD, et al. Pain 2019 - Review. PMID 30586067
Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists or recurs for more than 3 months. In chronic pain syndromes, pain can be the sole or a leading complaint and requires special treatment and care. ...In 6 other subgroups, pain is secondary to an underlying disease: chronic cancer-related pain, chronic neuropathic pain, chronic secondary visceral pain, chronic posttraumatic and postsurgical pain, chronic secondary headache and orofacial pain, and chronic secondary musculoskeletal pain. ...
Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists or recurs for more than 3 months. In chronic pain syndromes, pain
Assessment of pain in the elderly: A literature review.
Kim YS, et al. Natl Med J India 2017 - Review. PMID 29162753 Free article.
BACKGROUND: Pain perception is highly subjective, and effective pain management can be challenging in the elderly. We aimed to identify a set of practical measures that could be used to assess pain in elderly patients with or without cognitive impairment, as the first step towards effectively managing their pain. ...The Abbey pain scale, Doloplus-2, Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia scale, Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate, Checklist of Nonverbal Pain Indicators, Pain Assessment for the Dementing Elderly rating tool and the Clinical Utility of the CNA Pain Assessment Tool are used in elderly patients with cognitive impairment. ...
BACKGROUND: Pain perception is highly subjective, and effective pain management can be challenging in the elderly. We aimed to …
Pain assessment in elderly adults with dementia.
Hadjistavropoulos T, et al. Lancet Neurol 2014 - Review. PMID 25453461
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in the ageing population. Individuals with neurological disorders such as dementia are susceptible patient groups in which pain is frequently under-recognised, underestimated, and undertreated. ...Various observational-behavioural pain assessment instruments have been reported to be both reliable and valid in individuals with dementia. ...
Chronic pain is highly prevalent in the ageing population. Individuals with neurological disorders such as dementia are susceptible p …
The measurement properties of pediatric observational pain scales: A systematic review of reviews.
Andersen RD, et al. Int J Nurs Stud 2017 - Review. PMID 28558342
BACKGROUND: Valid observational pain scales are needed to assess pain and ensure sufficient treatment of pain in children that lack the verbal ability to self-report pain. ...CONCLUSIONS: Included reviews exhibited low quality of evidence; thus, their recommendations regarding pain scales for use in clinical practice or research with children that lack the verbal ability to self-report pain should be interpreted with caution....
BACKGROUND: Valid observational pain scales are needed to assess pain and ensure sufficient treatment of pain in childr …
Pain assessment in the critically ill adult: Recent evidence and new trends.
Gélinas C. Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2016 - Review. PMID 27067745
The patient's self-report of pain remains the gold standard measure for pain and should be obtained as often as possible. When self-report is impossible to obtain, observational pain scales including the Behavioural Pain Scale (BPS) and the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) have been recommended for clinical use in the critically ill adult. ...Family caregivers may help in the identification of pain-related behaviours and should be more involved in the ICU pain assessment process. ...
The patient's self-report of pain remains the gold standard measure for pain and should be obtained as often as possible. When …
Animal models of nociception
Le Bars D, et al. Pharmacol Rev 2001 - Review. PMID 11734620
The study of pain in awake animals raises ethical, philosophical, and technical problems. We review the ethical standards for studying pain in animals and emphasize that there are scientific as well as moral reasons for keeping to them. ...The types of nociceptive stimuli (electrical, thermal, mechanical, or chemical) that have been used in different pain models are reviewed with the conclusion that none is ideal, although chemical stimuli probably most closely mimic acute clinical pain. ...
The study of pain in awake animals raises ethical, philosophical, and technical problems. We review the ethical standards for studyin …
Objective pain assessment in horses (2014-2018).
van Loon JPAM and Van Dierendonck MC. Vet J 2018 - Review. PMID 30503538
Various types of pain assessment tools have been described and (partly) validated for different types of pain in horses. Currently, composite pain scales and facial expression-based pain scales seem to be the most promising tools for pain assessment in horses and numerous studies have recently been published on the use of these pain scales in horses. Therefore, this narrative review mainly focusses on these two types of pain scales and on the studies that have appeared describing these type of pain scales in horses. ...
Various types of pain assessment tools have been described and (partly) validated for different types of pain in horses. Curre …
The measurement of clinical pain intensity: a comparison of six methods.
Jensen MP, et al. Pain 1986. PMID 3785962
The measurement of subjective pain intensity continues to be important to both researchers and clinicians. Although several scales are currently used to assess the intensity construct, it remains unclear which of these provides the most precise, replicable, and predictively valid measure. ...In order to judge commonly used pain intensity measures, 75 chronic pain patients were asked to rate 4 kinds of pain (present, least, most, and average) using 6 scales. ...
The measurement of subjective pain intensity continues to be important to both researchers and clinicians. Although several sc …
Pain measurement in the elderly: a review.
Rodriguez CS. Pain Manag Nurs 2001 - Review. PMID 11706769
Measurement of pain in the elderly is an issue that has received limited attention. The purpose of this review was to analyze and synthesize research findings from 1975 to 1999 that are related to pain measurement in the elderly. ...Comparison of selected pain measurement tools was incorporated in 40% of the included studies. Substantial gaps in knowledge were identified; namely, these included determining the reliability and validity of selected tools for the institutionalized or community-dwelling elder; modifying instruments to overcome barriers such as communication issues, cultural diversity, or cognitive dysfunction; and expanding the scope of pain measurement to other dimensions of the pain experience....
Measurement of pain in the elderly is an issue that has received limited attention. The purpose of this review was to analyze
A Systematic Review of Devices and Techniques that Objectively Measure Patients' Pain.
Wagemakers SH, et al. Pain Physician 2019. PMID 30700064 Free article.
BACKGROUND: Assessment of pain is important in daily clinical practice and as an endpoint in clinical studies. Because pain perception is highly subjective, pain measurement is complex. ...CONCLUSION: Several devices and techniques compared pain intensity experienced by patients with an external pain stimulus that potentially could be used as a new objective pain measurement tool. ...
BACKGROUND: Assessment of pain is important in daily clinical practice and as an endpoint in clinical studies. Because pain pe …
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