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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1953 19
1954 56
1955 53
1956 45
1957 63
1958 50
1959 32
1960 13
1961 22
1962 14
1966 4
1967 6
1969 3
1970 2
1971 1
1973 2
1974 8
1975 2
1976 3
1977 2
1978 6
1979 1
1980 2
1981 1
1982 4
1983 4
1984 1
1985 3
1986 11
1987 287
1988 678
1989 840
1990 848
1991 815
1992 902
1993 910
1994 926
1995 940
1996 1044
1997 965
1998 1047
1999 1194
2000 1358
2001 1421
2002 1445
2003 1384
2004 1544
2005 1668
2006 1826
2007 1865
2008 1936
2009 1987
2010 2131
2011 2223
2012 2353
2013 2350
2014 2387
2015 2380
2016 2221
2017 2047
2018 1845
2019 825
2020 27
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45,243 results
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Page 1
Vaping versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette.
Rehan HS, et al. Curr Drug Saf 2018 - Review. PMID 29485005
They have been propagated as a healthier alternative to tobacco smoking and a potential device for smoking cessation, despite non-documentation of their long-term adverse health effects. ...CONCLUSION: There is a need to conduct large long-term global clinical trials in real life settings to ascertain the potential uses, adverse effects of ECIG and achieve harmonization of nicotine solution concentration....
They have been propagated as a healthier alternative to tobacco smoking and a potential device for smoking cessation, despite …
Cardiovascular effects of electronic cigarettes.
Benowitz NL and Fraiman JB. Nat Rev Cardiol 2017 - Review. PMID 28332500 Free PMC article.
EC emissions that might have adverse effects on cardiovascular health include nicotine, oxidants, aldehydes, particulates, and flavourants. To date, most of the cardiovascular effects of ECs demonstrated in humans are consistent with the known effects of nicotine. ...
EC emissions that might have adverse effects on cardiovascular health include nicotine, oxidants, aldehydes, particulates, and …
Increasing popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking and electronic cigarette use: Implications for oral healthcare.
Ramôa CP, et al. J Periodontal Res 2017 - Review. PMID 28393367 Free PMC article.
Therefore, consideration of smoking behavior and recommendation of smoking cessation are important parts of dental treatment planning. ...The health effects of long-term ECIG use are unknown. The purpose of this review is to inform healthcare professionals about waterpipes and ECIGs, highlight emerging evidence on the biological effects of these increasingly popular tobacco products, and introduce perspectives for dental patient management and future research....
Therefore, consideration of smoking behavior and recommendation of smoking cessation are important parts of dental treatment p …
Effects of Smoking on Solid Organ Transplantation Outcomes.
Anis KH, et al. Am J Med 2019 - Review. PMID 30452885
Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Both donor and recipient smoking have been shown to increase graft loss and mortality in solid organ transplant recipients in many studies. Only in lung transplants is smoking a universal contraindication to transplantation. Transplant centers implement different policies regarding smoking recipients and allografts from smoking donors. ...
Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Both donor and recipient smoking have been shown to incre …
Comparison of the effects of e-cigarette vapor with cigarette smoke on lung function and inflammation in mice.
Glynos C, et al. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2018. PMID 30091379 Free article.
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are advertised as a less harmful nicotine delivery system or as a new smoking cessation tool. ...In many cases, the added flavor in e-cigs exacerbated the detrimental effects of e-cig vapor. We conclude that both e-cig vaping and conventional cigarette smoking negatively impact lung biology....
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are advertised as a less harmful nicotine delivery system or as a new smoking cessation tool. ...In ma …
The Effect of Tobacco Smoking on Musculoskeletal Health: A Systematic Review.
Al-Bashaireh AM, et al. J Environ Public Health 2018. PMID 30112011 Free PMC article.
There was also evidence of adverse effects on muscles, tendons, cartilage, and ligaments. There were few studies on the musculoskeletal health outcomes of secondhand smoke, smoking cessation, or other modes of smoking, such as waterpipes or electronic cigarettes. ...There is a need for further research to understand mechanisms of action for the effects of smoking on the musculoskeletal system and to increase awareness of healthcare providers and community members of the adverse effects of smoking on the musculoskeletal system....
There was also evidence of adverse effects on muscles, tendons, cartilage, and ligaments. There were few studies on the muscul …
A Review of Pulmonary Toxicity of Electronic Cigarettes in the Context of Smoking: A Focus on Inflammation.
Shields PG, et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2017 - Review. PMID 28642230 Free PMC article.
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) is increasing rapidly, but their effects on lung toxicity are largely unknown. Smoking is a well-established cause of lung cancer and respiratory disease, in part through inflammation. ...The relative effects for impacting disease risk may differ for these groups. Cell culture and experimental animal data indicate that e-cigs have the potential for inducing inflammation, albeit much less than smoking. ...
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) is increasing rapidly, but their effects on lung toxicity are largely unknown. Smoking
E-Cigarettes and Similar Devices
Jenssen BP, et al. Pediatrics 2019 - Review. PMID 30835247 Free PMC article.
[Safety of e-cigarettes]
Płusa T. Pol Merkur Lekarski 2018 - Review. PMID 30058628 Polish.
In vitro studies have demonstrated direct cytotoxic effects of e-cigarettes on human and mouse stem cells. The observed changes in the value of spirometric parameters during the using e-cigarettes also require verification of current views in this respect. ...
In vitro studies have demonstrated direct cytotoxic effects of e-cigarettes on human and mouse stem cells. The observed changes in th …
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