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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1945 4
1946 15
1947 11
1948 11
1949 19
1950 7
1951 17
1952 18
1953 16
1954 19
1955 22
1956 23
1957 17
1958 14
1959 24
1960 24
1961 13
1962 27
1963 38
1964 60
1965 51
1966 55
1967 74
1968 99
1969 116
1970 164
1971 219
1972 173
1973 151
1974 133
1975 95
1976 69
1977 71
1978 77
1979 68
1980 74
1981 81
1982 75
1983 100
1984 87
1985 84
1986 83
1987 75
1988 106
1989 85
1990 106
1991 110
1992 87
1993 112
1994 112
1995 85
1996 93
1997 110
1998 99
1999 147
2000 129
2001 161
2002 186
2003 182
2004 199
2005 252
2006 288
2007 315
2008 347
2009 307
2010 326
2011 349
2012 346
2013 299
2014 287
2015 267
2016 220
2017 195
2018 211
2019 133
2020 9
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8,276 results
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Page 1
Characterization of toluene metabolism by methanotroph and its effect on methane oxidation.
He R, et al. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018. PMID 29616477
When the toluene concentration was below 2000 mg m(-3), the kinetics of toluene metabolism by M. sporium conformed to the Michaelis-Menten equation (V(max) = 0.238 g g(dry weight)(-1) h(-1), K (m)  = 545.2 mg m(-3)). ...Although M. sporium oxidized toluene, it did not incorporate toluene into its biomass. The coexistence of toluene and CH(4) could influence CH(4) oxidation, the growth of methanotrophs, and the distribution of CH(4)-derived carbon, which were related to the ratio of the toluene concentration to biomass. ...
When the toluene concentration was below 2000 mg m(-3), the kinetics of toluene metabolism by M. sporium conformed to the Mich …
Medico-legal implications of toluene abuse and toxicity. Review of cases along with blood concentrations.
Pelletti G, et al. Leg Med (Tokyo) 2018 - Review. PMID 30172242
In this paper we aim to provide a review of the cases of toluene abuse and intoxication and the state of the art of the forensic toxicological analysis of toluene intoxications in the living and in the dead subject, from the early identification to the medico-legal interpretation of the toxicological result. ...This article reports toluene concentrations in blood from 202 living subjects, 23 fatal toluene intoxications and 85 toluene related deaths. ...
In this paper we aim to provide a review of the cases of toluene abuse and intoxication and the state of the art of the forensic toxi …
Forensic source attribution for toluene in environmental samples.
Richards PI and Sandau CD. Environ Toxicol Chem 2018. PMID 29044663
The formation of toluene by microbiological processes can confound environmental investigations relating to petroleum releases. This is because toluene is a constituent of petroleum and can move readily within wetland environments, and analysis for toluene in relation to a petroleum release can lead to incorrect assignment of detected biogenic toluene as related to the release. ...
The formation of toluene by microbiological processes can confound environmental investigations relating to petroleum releases. This …
Abstinence following toluene exposure increases anxiety-like behavior in mice.
Bowen SE, et al. Neurotoxicol Teratol 2018. PMID 29292231
Behavioral withdrawal from toluene has not been examined in a preclinical model. In the current study, young adult male Swiss Webster mice were exposed to either 5000-ppm toluene vapor or air (0ppm) for 30min or 24h. ...These results of 1) decreased anxiety-like behavior immediately following acute toluene, and 2) the contrasting increase in anxiety-like behavior during abstinence from a prolonged toluene exposure, and 3) the amelioration of increases in an anxiety-like behavior following toluene re-exposure, are consistent with an interpretation of withdrawal from the single 24-hr toluene exposure. ...
Behavioral withdrawal from toluene has not been examined in a preclinical model. In the current study, young adult male Swiss Webster …
Effect of chronic toluene exposure on heart rhythm parameters.
Arslan Ş, et al. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2018. PMID 29790182
BACKGROUND: Toluene is used extensively in various industrial processes, and an increasing number of workers are getting exposed to its vapor. ...We also demonstrated that chronic toluene exposure was not associated with major cardiac arrhythmias and rhythm conduction system disorders....
BACKGROUND: Toluene is used extensively in various industrial processes, and an increasing number of workers are getting exposed to i …
Optimization of toluene removal over W-doped TiO(2) nano-photocatalyst under visible light irradiation.
Poorkarimi A, et al. Environ Technol 2018. PMID 28868967
The effect of different operational conditions of coating mass, initial toluene concentration, and exposure time on the toluene removal efficiency was investigated. ...Tungsten content and exposure time affect the toluene removal efficiency more than other factors. Results showed that maximum toluene removal efficiency slightly depends on the initial concentration of toluene. ...
The effect of different operational conditions of coating mass, initial toluene concentration, and exposure time on the toluene
Toluene degradation via a unique metabolic route in indigenous bacterial species.
Muccee F, et al. Arch Microbiol 2019. PMID 31332474
Tanneries are the primary source of toluene pollution in the environment and toluene due to its hazardous effects has been categorized as persistent organic pollutant. ...Results of GC-MS analysis revealed that biotransformation of toluene is accomplished not only through known metabolic routes such as toluene 3-monooxygenase (T3MO), toluene 2-monooxygenase (T2MO), toluene 4-monooxygenase (T4MO), toluene methyl monooxygenase (TOL), toluene dioxygenase (Tod), meta- and ortho-ring fission pathways. ...
Tanneries are the primary source of toluene pollution in the environment and toluene due to its hazardous effects has been cat …
Toluene degradation by Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 in nitrate-reducing conditions and in Bioelectrochemical Systems.
Espinoza Tofalos A, et al. FEMS Microbiol Lett 2018. PMID 29771316
It was demonstrated for the first time that strain CH34 is able to degrade toluene under nitrate-reducing conditions (up to 45 mgtoluene/L were removed within 17 days, corresponding to 73% of toluene amended). Nitrate consumption and cellular growth were observed during toluene removal. In the MEC, toluene degradation was linked to current production, showing current peaks after every toluene addition (maximum current density 48 mA/m2). ...
It was demonstrated for the first time that strain CH34 is able to degrade toluene under nitrate-reducing conditions (up to 45 mgtolu …
Chemogenetic Excitation of Accumbens-Projecting Infralimbic Cortical Neurons Blocks Toluene-Induced Conditioned Place Preference.
Wayman WN and Woodward JJ. J Neurosci 2018. PMID 29317484 Free PMC article.
Toluene-induced CPP was associated with increased excitability of IL5/6 mPFC neurons projecting to the core of the NAc and reduced excitability of those projecting to the NAc shell. No changes in PRL-NAc-projecting neurons were found in toluene-CPP rats. Chemogenetic reversal of the toluene-induced decrease in IL5/6-NAc shell neurons blocked the expression of toluene-induced CPP while manipulating IL5/6-NAc core neuron activity had no effect. ...
Toluene-induced CPP was associated with increased excitability of IL5/6 mPFC neurons projecting to the core of the NAc and reduced ex
Exposure to the Abused Inhalant Toluene Alters Medial Prefrontal Cortex Physiology.
Wayman WN and Woodward JJ. Neuropsychopharmacology 2018. PMID 28589963 Free PMC article.
Inhalants, including toluene, target the addiction neurocircuitry and are often one of the first drugs of abuse tried by adolescents. ...The intrinsic excitability of PRL5, PRL2/3, and IL2/3 neurons projecting to the NAcs was not affected by exposure to toluene. ...
Inhalants, including toluene, target the addiction neurocircuitry and are often one of the first drugs of abuse tried by adolescents. …
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