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Long term effects of tear gases on respiratory system: analysis of 93 cases.
Arbak P, Başer I, Kumbasar ÖO, Ülger F, Kılıçaslan Z, Evyapan F. Arbak P, et al. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:963638. doi: 10.1155/2014/963638. Epub 2014 Jul 22. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014. PMID: 25152930 Free PMC article.
AIM: This study aimed to assess the long-term respiratory effects of tear gases among the subjects with history of frequent exposure. ...CONCLUSION: The rates for respiratory complaints were high in the case of the exposure to the tear gases
AIM: This study aimed to assess the long-term respiratory effects of tear gases among the subjects with history …
[Quality of life and symptoms before and after surgical treatment of rectovaginal fistula].
Leroy A, Azaïs H, Giraudet G, Cosson M. Leroy A, et al. Prog Urol. 2017 Mar;27(4):229-237. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2016.12.001. Epub 2017 Jan 3. Prog Urol. 2017. PMID: 28065390 French.
We evaluated the satisfaction of short-term and long-term patients on the answer to the basic PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 questionnaires. ...In the long term, we observed an improvement in the sensation of perineal heaviness and gas incontinence b …
We evaluated the satisfaction of short-term and long-term patients on the answer to the basic PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 questi …
The decrease in aqueous tear production associated with pepper spray.
Rasier R, Kukner AS, Sengul EA, Yalcin NG, Temizsoylu O, Bahcecioglu HO. Rasier R, et al. Curr Eye Res. 2015 Apr;40(4):429-33. doi: 10.3109/02713683.2014.930156. Epub 2014 Jun 23. Curr Eye Res. 2015. PMID: 24955742
DISCUSSION: The active ingredient of pepper spray is oleoresin capsicum. It is randomly diffused to polymodal nerve terminals, leading to opening of non-selective cationic channels and block neuronal transmission. ...The findings of this study could no …
DISCUSSION: The active ingredient of pepper spray is oleoresin capsicum. It is randomly diffused to polymodal ne …
Functions of stone cells and oleoresin terpenes in the conifer defense syndrome.
Whitehill JGA, Yuen MMS, Henderson H, Madilao L, Kshatriya K, Bryan J, Jaquish B, Bohlmann J. Whitehill JGA, et al. New Phytol. 2019 Feb;221(3):1503-1517. doi: 10.1111/nph.15477. Epub 2018 Oct 23. New Phytol. 2019. PMID: 30216451 Free article.
Stone cells (SC) and oleoresin are physical and chemical defenses of Sitka spruce that have been separately studied in previous work. ...R trees and S trees also differ in the composition of oleoresin terpenes. Transcriptomes of R and S trees revealed differences in …
Stone cells (SC) and oleoresin are physical and chemical defenses of Sitka spruce that have been separately studied in previous work. …
Extensive Exposure to Tear Gases in Ankara.
Ilgaz A, Uyanusta FÇK, Arbak P, Müezzinoğlu A, Çiftçi TU, Akpınar S, Fırat H, Güven SF, Çiftçi B, Karaoğlanoğlu S, Dağlı E, Erkan F. Ilgaz A, et al. Turk Thorac J. 2019 Jan 31;20(2):108-113. doi: 10.5152/TurkThoracJ.2018.18096. Print 2019 Apr. Turk Thorac J. 2019. PMID: 30958982 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVES: The most common chemical substances used as mass control agents are chloroacetophenone, chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, and oleoresin capsicum. These agents not only have local and rapid effects but also have systemic and long-term effects …
OBJECTIVES: The most common chemical substances used as mass control agents are chloroacetophenone, chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, and …
Tear gas--harassing agent or toxic chemical weapon?
Hu H, Fine J, Epstein P, Kelsey K, Reynolds P, Walker B. Hu H, et al. JAMA. 1989 Aug 4;262(5):660-3. doi: 10.1001/jama.262.5.660. JAMA. 1989. PMID: 2501523 Review.
Proponents of their use claim that, if used correctly, the noxious effects of exposure are transient and of no long-term consequences. ...Severe traumatic injury from exploding tear gas bombs as well as lethal toxic injury have been documented. Moreove …
Proponents of their use claim that, if used correctly, the noxious effects of exposure are transient and of no long-term conse …
Tear gases and irritant incapacitants. 1-chloroacetophenone, 2-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile and dibenz[b,f]-1,4-oxazepine.
Blain PG. Blain PG. Toxicol Rev. 2003;22(2):103-10. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200322020-00005. Toxicol Rev. 2003. PMID: 15071820 Review.
Irritant incapacitants, also called riot control agents, lacrimators and tear gases, are aerosol-dispersed chemicals that produce eye, nose, mouth, skin and respiratory tract irritation. ...There is no evidence that a healthy individual will experience long- …
Irritant incapacitants, also called riot control agents, lacrimators and tear gases, are aerosol-dispersed chemicals that prod …
Toxicologic evaluation of pepper spray as a possible weapon for the Dutch police force: risk assessment and efficacy.
Busker RW, van Helden HP. Busker RW, et al. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1998 Dec;19(4):309-16. doi: 10.1097/00000433-199812000-00003. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1998. PMID: 9885922 Review.
Pepper spray is commercially available as a canister filled with Capsicum extract, which contains capsaicin as the active component. ...It was concluded that the risk of long-term health effects is negligible. Because pepper spray
Pepper spray is commercially available as a canister filled with Capsicum extract, which contains capsaicin as the acti
Dry eye symptoms and signs in long-term contact lens wearers.
Kastelan S, Lukenda A, Salopek-Rabatić J, Pavan J, Gotovac M. Kastelan S, et al. Coll Antropol. 2013 Apr;37 Suppl 1:199-203. Coll Antropol. 2013. PMID: 23837244
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the self-reported symptoms and objective signs of dry eye disease in long-term rigid gas-permeable (RGP) or soft contact lens (SCL) wearers. ...The results of the study emphasize the importance of e …
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between the self-reported symptoms and objective signs of dry eye disease in long
Alteration in serum levels of ICAM-1 and P-, E- and L-selectins in seriously eye-injured long-term following sulfur-mustard exposure.
Heidary F, Ardestani SK, Ghasemi H, Javadi MA, Mahmoudi M, Yaraee R, Shams J, Falahi F, Sedighi Moghadam MR, Shariatpanahi S, Shakeri R, Naghizadeh MM, Ghazanfari T. Heidary F, et al. Int Immunopharmacol. 2019 Nov;76:105820. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2019.105820. Epub 2019 Aug 31. Int Immunopharmacol. 2019. PMID: 31480003
RESULT: The serum level of soluble ICAM-1 was significantly higher in the SM-exposed individuals with an abnormality in tear meniscus height, corneal verticillata, and pannus compared with SM-exposed individuals without these abnormalities. ...
RESULT: The serum level of soluble ICAM-1 was significantly higher in the SM-exposed individuals with an abnormality in tear meniscus …
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