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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1952 1
1953 1
1957 1
1958 1
1959 1
1966 3
1968 1
1969 3
1970 2
1971 5
1972 3
1973 3
1974 1
1975 3
1976 4
1979 1
1980 2
1981 4
1982 1
1983 6
1984 3
1985 7
1986 3
1987 1
1988 2
1989 2
1990 3
1991 1
1992 1
1993 1
1994 3
1995 4
1996 4
1997 4
1998 5
1999 2
2000 2
2001 1
2002 5
2003 7
2004 5
2005 6
2006 2
2007 5
2008 2
2009 5
2010 4
2011 4
2012 2
2013 2
2014 1
2015 2
2016 5
2017 2
2018 3
2019 4
2020 1
2021 0
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159 results
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Page 1
Levocarnitine for valproic-acid-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy.
Mock CM, Schwetschenau KH. Mock CM, et al. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2012 Jan 1;69(1):35-9. doi: 10.2146/ajhp110049. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2012. PMID: 22180549 Review.
The exact mechanism of VHE is unclear but relates to the accumulation of toxic valproic acid metabolites and elevated ammonia levels. Carnitine is an essential cofactor in the proper metabolism of valproic acid and ammonia elimination. ...Valproic acid is thought to …
The exact mechanism of VHE is unclear but relates to the accumulation of toxic valproic acid metabolites and elevated ammonia levels. …
Carnitine in the treatment of valproic acid-induced toxicity.
Lheureux PE, Hantson P. Lheureux PE, et al. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009 Feb;47(2):101-11. doi: 10.1080/15563650902752376. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2009. PMID: 19280426 Review.
It is postulated that carnitine supplementation may increase the beta-oxidation of VPA, thereby limiting cytosolic omega-oxidation and the production of toxic metabolites that are involved in liver toxicity and ammonia accumulation. VPA-induced hepatotoxicity and hyperammo …
It is postulated that carnitine supplementation may increase the beta-oxidation of VPA, thereby limiting cytosolic omega-oxidation and the p …
L-carnitine for acute valproic acid overdose: a systematic review of published cases.
Perrott J, Murphy NG, Zed PJ. Perrott J, et al. Ann Pharmacother. 2010 Jul-Aug;44(7-8):1287-93. doi: 10.1345/aph.1P135. Epub 2010 Jun 29. Ann Pharmacother. 2010. PMID: 20587742 Review.
We recommend intravenous administration of 100 mg/kg once, followed by infusions of 50 mg/kg (to a maximum of 3 g per dose) every 8 hours thereafter, continuing until ammonia levels are decreasing (if they were elevated initially) and the patient demonstrates signs of clin …
We recommend intravenous administration of 100 mg/kg once, followed by infusions of 50 mg/kg (to a maximum of 3 g per dose) every 8 hours th …
Chemical colitis.
Sheibani S, Gerson LB. Sheibani S, et al. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008 Feb;42(2):115-21. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e318151470e. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008. PMID: 18209577 Review.
Agents implicated in chemical colitis that are covered in this review include alcohol, radiocontrast agents, glutaraldehyde, formalin, ergotamine, hydrofluoric acid, sulfuric acid, acetic acid, ammonia, soap, sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, herbal medicines, chloro-m- …
Agents implicated in chemical colitis that are covered in this review include alcohol, radiocontrast agents, glutaraldehyde, formalin, ergot …
Cleaning agents and asthma.
Quirce S, Barranco P. Quirce S, et al. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2010;20(7):542-50; quiz 2p following 550. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2010. PMID: 21313993 Free article. Review.
The main sensitizers contained in cleaning products are disinfectants, quaternary ammonium compounds (such as benzalkonium chloride), amine compounds, and fragrances.The strongest airway irritants in cleaning products are bleach (sodium hypochlorite), hydrochloric acid, and alkal …
The main sensitizers contained in cleaning products are disinfectants, quaternary ammonium compounds (such as benzalkonium chloride), amine …
Ammonia and Alzheimer's disease.
Seiler N. Seiler N. Neurochem Int. 2002 Aug-Sep;41(2-3):189-207. doi: 10.1016/s0197-0186(02)00041-4. Neurochem Int. 2002. PMID: 12020619 Review.
(c) The excessive formation of ammonia in the brains of AD patients has been demonstrated, and it has been shown that some AD patients exhibit elevated blood ammonia concentrations. ...Based on these facts, an ammonia hypothesis of AD has first been suggested …
(c) The excessive formation of ammonia in the brains of AD patients has been demonstrated, and it has been shown that some AD patient …
Serum ammonia as an early predictor of in-hospital mortality in patients with glufosinate poisoning.
Lee J, Lee Y, Kim YS, Choi JG, Go TH, Kim H, Cha YS. Lee J, et al. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2019 Sep;38(9):1007-1013. doi: 10.1177/0960327119855124. Epub 2019 May 30. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2019. PMID: 31146590
Data were collected from consecutive patients diagnosed with glufosinate ammonium poisoning between May 2007 and February 2018. The initial serum ammonia level was defined as the highest serum ammonia level measured within 12 h after emergency department (ED) arriva …
Data were collected from consecutive patients diagnosed with glufosinate ammonium poisoning between May 2007 and February 2018. The initial …
Sodium fluoroacetate poisoning.
Proudfoot AT, Bradberry SM, Vale JA. Proudfoot AT, et al. Toxicol Rev. 2006;25(4):213-9. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200625040-00002. Toxicol Rev. 2006. PMID: 17288493 Review.
Among these is oxoglutarate, a precursor of glutamate, which is not only an excitatory neurotransmitter in the CNS but is also required for efficient removal of ammonia via the urea cycle. Increased ammonia concentrations may contribute to the incidence of seizures. …
Among these is oxoglutarate, a precursor of glutamate, which is not only an excitatory neurotransmitter in the CNS but is also required for …
Reye syndrome.
De Vivo DC. De Vivo DC. Neurol Clin. 1985 Feb;3(1):95-115. doi: 10.1016/S0733-8619(18)31058-2. Neurol Clin. 1985. PMID: 3887130 Free PMC article. Review.
Notable in this regard are inborn errors affecting organic acid, ammonia, and carbohydrate metabolism. The mitochondrial disturbance in Reye syndrome is well documented but the pathophysiologic sequence linking the antecedent viral illness to the mitochondrial injury remai …
Notable in this regard are inborn errors affecting organic acid, ammonia, and carbohydrate metabolism. The mitochondrial disturbance …
The relationship between serum ammonia level and neurologic complications in patients with acute glufosinate ammonium poisoning: A prospective observational study.
Cha YS, Kim H, Lee Y, Choi EH, Kim HI, Kim OH, Cha KC, Lee KH, Hwang SO. Cha YS, et al. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2018 Jun;37(6):571-579. doi: 10.1177/0960327117715902. Epub 2017 Jul 25. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2018. PMID: 28741381
In patients with mental changes, the mean serum ammonia levels before and after recovery of the mental changes were statistically different ( p = 0.0019). In acute glufosinate ammonium poisoning, serial serum ammonia level measurements are needed and a serum peak …
In patients with mental changes, the mean serum ammonia levels before and after recovery of the mental changes were statistically dif …
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