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Page 1
Ricin poisoning: a comprehensive review.
Audi J, Belson M, Patel M, Schier J, Osterloh J. Audi J, et al. JAMA. 2005 Nov 9;294(18):2342-51. doi: 10.1001/jama.294.18.2342. JAMA. 2005. PMID: 16278363 Review.
Ricin is one of the most potent and lethal substances known, particularly when inhaled. The ease with which the native plant (Ricinus communis) can be obtained and the toxin extracted makes ricin an attractive weapon. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the literature on ri
Ricin is one of the most potent and lethal substances known, particularly when inhaled. The ease with which the native plant (Ricinus
Ricin.
Spivak L, Hendrickson RG. Spivak L, et al. Crit Care Clin. 2005 Oct;21(4):815-24, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.ccc.2005.06.006. Crit Care Clin. 2005. PMID: 16168316 Review.
Ricin is a potent toxin found within the beans of the castor plant. Ricin's widespread availability makes it a viable biological weapon. ...
Ricin is a potent toxin found within the beans of the castor plant. Ricin's widespread availability makes it a viable biologic
Point-of-care diagnostics for ricin exposure.
Diakite ML, Rollin J, Jary D, Berthier J, Mourton-Gilles C, Sauvaire D, Philippe C, Delapierre G, Gidrol X. Diakite ML, et al. Lab Chip. 2015 May 21;15(10):2308-17. doi: 10.1039/c5lc00178a. Lab Chip. 2015. PMID: 25892365
Here, we present a powerful test based on a host response to a biological weapon agent, namely the ricin toxin. A signature for exposure to ricin was extracted and characterized in mice and then integrated into a plastic microfluidic cartridge. This enabled early di …
Here, we present a powerful test based on a host response to a biological weapon agent, namely the ricin toxin. A signature for expos …
Ricin poisoning and forensic toxicology.
Musshoff F, Madea B. Musshoff F, et al. Drug Test Anal. 2009 Apr;1(4):184-91. doi: 10.1002/dta.27. Drug Test Anal. 2009. PMID: 20355196 Review.
Ricin is one of the most fascinating poisons due to its high toxicity: as little as 500 microg can kill an adult. ...The origin, biochemistry, toxicity, and analytical procedures for the determination of ricin are summarized. The homicide of Markov is described as w
Ricin is one of the most fascinating poisons due to its high toxicity: as little as 500 microg can kill an adult. ...The origin, bioc
Disease-modifying treatment of chemical threat agent-induced acute lung injury.
Radbel J, Laskin DL, Laskin JD, Kipen HM. Radbel J, et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020 Nov;1480(1):14-29. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14438. Epub 2020 Jul 29. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2020. PMID: 32726497 Review.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly morbid lung pathology induced by exposure to chemical warfare agents, including vesicants, phosgene, chlorine, and ricin. In this review, we describe the pathology associated with the development of ARDS in humans and …
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly morbid lung pathology induced by exposure to chemical warfare agents, including vesic …
Abrin poisoning.
Dickers KJ, Bradberry SM, Rice P, Griffiths GD, Vale JA. Dickers KJ, et al. Toxicol Rev. 2003;22(3):137-42. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200322030-00002. Toxicol Rev. 2003. PMID: 15181663 Review.
Abrin is a toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius (jequirity bean), which is similar in structure and properties to ricin. Abrin is highly toxic, with an estimated human fatal dose of 0.1-1 microgram/kg, and has caused death after accidental and intenti …
Abrin is a toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius (jequirity bean), which is similar in structure and properties to r
Quantification of Ricinine and Abrine in Human Plasma by HPLC-MS-MS: Biomarkers of Exposure to Ricin and Abrin.
Isenberg SL, Carter MD, Miller MA, Noras AI, Mojica MA, Carlsen ST, Bulathsinghala CP, Thomas JD, Johnson RC. Isenberg SL, et al. J Anal Toxicol. 2018 Nov 1;42(9):630-636. doi: 10.1093/jat/bky040. J Anal Toxicol. 2018. PMID: 29931062 Free PMC article.
Ricin and abrin are toxic ribosome-inactivating proteins found in plants. ...The concentration of the biomarkers in urine and blood will be dependent upon the purification of abrin or ricin, the route of exposure, and the length of time between exposure and sample c
Ricin and abrin are toxic ribosome-inactivating proteins found in plants. ...The concentration of the biomarkers in urine and blood w
Passive and active vaccination strategies to prevent ricin poisoning.
Pincus SH, Smallshaw JE, Song K, Berry J, Vitetta ES. Pincus SH, et al. Toxins (Basel). 2011 Sep;3(9):1163-84. doi: 10.3390/toxins3091163. Epub 2011 Sep 15. Toxins (Basel). 2011. PMID: 22069761 Free PMC article. Review.
Ricin toxin (RT) is derived from castor beans, produced by the plant Ricinus communis. ...RT must be considered during any "white powder" incident and there have been documented cases of its use in espionage [2,3]. The clinical syndrome resulting from ricin intoxica
Ricin toxin (RT) is derived from castor beans, produced by the plant Ricinus communis. ...RT must be considered during any "white pow
Chemical warfare agents.
Kuca K, Pohanka M. Kuca K, et al. EXS. 2010;100:543-58. EXS. 2010. PMID: 20358695 Review.
Simple molecules such as chlorine as well as complex structures such as ricin belong to this group. Nerve agents, vesicants, incapacitating agents, blood agents, lung-damaging agents, riot-control agents and several toxins are among chemical warfare agents. ...
Simple molecules such as chlorine as well as complex structures such as ricin belong to this group. Nerve agents, vesicants, incapaci …
Ricin Poisoning after Oral Ingestion of Castor Beans: A Case Report and Review of the Literature and Laboratory Testing.
Lopez Nunez OF, Pizon AF, Tamama K. Lopez Nunez OF, et al. J Emerg Med. 2017 Nov;53(5):e67-e71. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.08.023. Epub 2017 Oct 4. J Emerg Med. 2017. PMID: 28987302 Review.
BACKGROUND: Ricin is a protein toxin derived from the castor bean plant Ricinus communis. ...: This case highlights the importance of knowing the peculiar pharmacokinetic properties of ricin after oral ingestion of castor beans and toxin release through mastication. …
BACKGROUND: Ricin is a protein toxin derived from the castor bean plant Ricinus communis. ...: This case highlights the importance of …
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