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Predictors of extensively drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis.
Kliiman K, Altraja A. Kliiman K, et al. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Jun 2;150(11):766-75. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-150-11-200906020-00004. Ann Intern Med. 2009. PMID: 19487711
SETTING: Estonia, a country with 1 of the world's highest rates of extensively drug-resistant and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. ...CONCLUSION: Previous treatment is a common risk factor for extensively drug-resistant and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Reducin …
SETTING: Estonia, a country with 1 of the world's highest rates of extensively drug-resistant and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. . …
Tuberculosis during fundamental societal changes in Estonia with special reference to extrapulmonary manifestations.
Pehme L, Hollo V, Rahu M, Altraja A. Pehme L, et al. Chest. 2005 Apr;127(4):1289-95. doi: 10.1378/chest.127.4.1289. Chest. 2005. PMID: 15821207
DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective study. PATIENTS: All new cases of EPTB (n = 622) detected in Estonia from 1991 to 2000. RESULTS: The incidence of pulmonary TB in Estonia increased from 21.5 in 1991 to 44.6/100,000 in 2000. ...The incidence of EPTB forms with a l …
DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective study. PATIENTS: All new cases of EPTB (n = 622) detected in Estonia from 1991 to 2000. RESULTS: …
Microbial pathogens of adult community-acquired pneumonia in Southern Estonia.
Leesik H, Ani U, Juhani A, Altraja A. Leesik H, et al. Medicina (Kaunas). 2006;42(5):384-94. Medicina (Kaunas). 2006. PMID: 16778466
Although gram-negatives were more prevalent, the major pathogens were favorably susceptible without a noticeable cross-resistance. Nevertheless, improved surveillance studies are needed because of a pressure for the rise in antibiotic resistance in the society....
Although gram-negatives were more prevalent, the major pathogens were favorably susceptible without a noticeable cross-resistance. Ne …
Factors related to patient delay in pulmonary tuberculosis in Estonia.
Pehme L, Rahu K, Rahu M, Altraja A. Pehme L, et al. Scand J Infect Dis. 2006;38(11-12):1017-22. doi: 10.1080/00365540600809994. Scand J Infect Dis. 2006. PMID: 17148070
The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in Estonia, a post-socialist Eastern European country, has coincided with delayed case detection suggested by increase in advanced forms of pulmonary tuberculosis among newly detected cases. ...
The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in Estonia, a post-socialist Eastern European country, has coincided with delayed case detection …
Antimicrobial susceptibility of common pathogens from community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in Estonia.
Altraja A, Naaber P, Tamm E, Meriste S, Kullamaa A, Leesik H. Altraja A, et al. J Chemother. 2006 Dec;18(6):603-9. doi: 10.1179/joc.2006.18.6.603. J Chemother. 2006. PMID: 17267337
Antimicrobial resistance among clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 49), Haemophilus influenzae (n = 66) and Moraxella catarrhalis (n = 25) from adults with community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections (CALRTI) was assessed in a national surveillance …
Antimicrobial resistance among clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 49), Haemophilus influenzae (n = 66) and Moraxella catarrh …
Factors related to health system delays in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Estonia.
Pehme L, Rahu K, Rahu M, Altraja A. Pehme L, et al. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Mar;11(3):275-81. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007. PMID: 17352092
HSD was defined as the interval from a patient's first contact with a medical provider to the date of TB diagnosis. RESULTS: The factors significantly associated with HSD greater than the median (19 days) and the 75th percentile (40 days) were smear negativity, abse …
HSD was defined as the interval from a patient's first contact with a medical provider to the date of TB diagnosis. RESULTS: T …
Predictors of poor treatment outcome in multi- and extensively drug-resistant pulmonary TB.
Kliiman K, Altraja A. Kliiman K, et al. Eur Respir J. 2009 May;33(5):1085-94. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00155708. Epub 2009 Jan 22. Eur Respir J. 2009. PMID: 19164345
The present authors therefore analysed treatment effectiveness and predictors of poor treatment outcome in pulmonary MDR-TB and XDR-TB in Estonia, a European country with one of the highest MDR-TB and XDR-TB rates in the world. ...
The present authors therefore analysed treatment effectiveness and predictors of poor treatment outcome in pulmonary MDR-TB and XDR-TB in Es …
Predictors and mortality associated with treatment default in pulmonary tuberculosis.
Kliiman K, Altraja A. Kliiman K, et al. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Apr;14(4):454-63. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010. PMID: 20202304
DESIGN: All patients with culture-confirmed pulmonary TB who started treatment during 2003-2005 were included in a retrospective cohort study. ...
DESIGN: All patients with culture-confirmed pulmonary TB who started treatment during 2003-2005 were included in a retrospective coho …
Countrywide management of pulmonary tuberculosis reverses increasing incidence.
Blöndal K, Viiklepp P, Blöndal P, Altraja A. Blöndal K, et al. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jul;15(7):892-8. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.10.0601. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011. PMID: 21682961
Predictors of recurrence of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis.
Blöndal K, Viiklepp P, Guðmundsson LJ, Altraja A. Blöndal K, et al. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Sep;16(9):1228-33. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0037. Epub 2012 Jun 28. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012. PMID: 22748131
A history of previous TB treatment was associated with TB recurrence among successfully treated patients (HR 4.28, 95%CI 1.13-16.15, P = 0.032). ...A history of previous treatment, resistance to all injectable agents and resistance to a greater number of drug
A history of previous TB treatment was associated with TB recurrence among successfully treated patients (HR 4.28, 95%CI 1.13-16.15,
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