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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1927 1
1932 1
1946 1
1947 3
1948 1
1949 2
1950 1
1951 2
1953 3
1955 1
1956 1
1957 3
1958 3
1959 1
1960 7
1961 2
1962 1
1963 2
1964 3
1965 7
1966 12
1967 8
1968 7
1969 19
1970 7
1971 20
1972 11
1973 14
1974 15
1975 38
1976 27
1977 39
1978 25
1979 40
1980 36
1981 25
1982 31
1983 29
1984 46
1985 36
1986 48
1987 33
1988 36
1989 47
1990 53
1991 52
1992 41
1993 39
1994 51
1995 58
1996 68
1997 60
1998 70
1999 73
2000 107
2001 125
2002 160
2003 133
2004 184
2005 225
2006 215
2007 278
2008 308
2009 353
2010 398
2011 386
2012 415
2013 427
2014 463
2015 459
2016 472
2017 427
2018 496
2019 486
2020 573
2021 619
2022 587
2023 601
2024 88

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9,519 results

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Page 1
Science of, and insights into, thermodynamic principles for dermal formulations.
Tapfumaneyi P, Imran M, Alavi SE, Mohammed Y. Tapfumaneyi P, et al. Drug Discov Today. 2023 Apr;28(4):103521. doi: 10.1016/j.drudis.2023.103521. Epub 2023 Feb 6. Drug Discov Today. 2023. PMID: 36754143 Review.
It can be changed according to the physicochemical parameters (e.g., solubility, partition coefficient, and water activity) of the drug in the vehicle. Thermodynamic principles have been used for the development of novel topical and transdermal delivery systems, dem …
It can be changed according to the physicochemical parameters (e.g., solubility, partition coefficient, and water activity) of the drug in t …
Engineering microbial communities using thermodynamic principles and electrical interfaces.
Zerfaß C, Chen J, Soyer OS. Zerfaß C, et al. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2018 Apr;50:121-127. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2017.12.004. Epub 2017 Dec 18. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2018. PMID: 29268107 Free article. Review.
We propose a higher-level engineering approach that is based on thermodynamics of microbial growth, and that considers specifically microbial redox biochemistry. ...Toward designing the exact nature of the environmental enforcement, thermodynamics and redox biochemi …
We propose a higher-level engineering approach that is based on thermodynamics of microbial growth, and that considers specifically m …
Thermodynamic principles for system biology and the patterns of flower pigmentation.
Zhao Q. Zhao Q. Theory Biosci. 2022 Sep;141(3):273-278. doi: 10.1007/s12064-022-00372-y. Epub 2022 Jul 20. Theory Biosci. 2022. PMID: 35857270
The thermodynamic principles for system biology are reviewed and formulated, and then basic patterns of flower pigmentation are interpreted. ...In this theory, the dominant inheritance means that a gene contributes great to the thermodynamic stability of a tr …
The thermodynamic principles for system biology are reviewed and formulated, and then basic patterns of flower pigmentation ar …
Thermodynamic Principles for the Design of Polymers for Drug Formulations.
Fischlschweiger M, Enders S. Fischlschweiger M, et al. Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2019 Jun 7;10:311-335. doi: 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-060718-030304. Epub 2019 Mar 22. Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2019. PMID: 30901257
Among the latter, formulation approaches that lead to prolonged drug supersaturation to maximize the driving force for sustained intestinal absorption of an oral product, or to allow sufficient time for injection after reconstitution of a parenteral lyophile formulation, have att …
Among the latter, formulation approaches that lead to prolonged drug supersaturation to maximize the driving force for sustained intestinal …
Modeling a propionate-oxidizing syntrophic coculture using thermodynamic principles.
Leurent A, Moscoviz R. Leurent A, et al. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2022 Sep;119(9):2423-2436. doi: 10.1002/bit.28156. Epub 2022 Jun 21. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2022. PMID: 35680641
When applied to the test data set it systematically resulted in positive Gibbs free energy changes values for propionate oxidation, in contradiction with the second law of thermodynamics. On the opposite, the parameters fitted with model including both a thermodynamic
When applied to the test data set it systematically resulted in positive Gibbs free energy changes values for propionate oxidation, in contr …
Thermodynamic understanding of flower pigmentation.
Zhao Q. Zhao Q. Biosystems. 2023 Aug;230:104938. doi: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2023.104938. Epub 2023 Jun 3. Biosystems. 2023. PMID: 37277021
We have reviewed and interpreted the thermodynamic principles for flower pigmentation. The basic thoughts are as follows: 1) any biological trait is associated with one thermodynamic system; 2) a thermodynamic system of biology cannot be physically iso …
We have reviewed and interpreted the thermodynamic principles for flower pigmentation. The basic thoughts are as follows: 1) a …
Protein thermodynamic structure.
Zhao Q. Zhao Q. IUBMB Life. 2009 Jun;61(6):600-6. doi: 10.1002/iub.214. IUBMB Life. 2009. PMID: 19472177 Free article. Review.
In this article, we show that much of our present knowledge of protein science is explainable by principles of protein thermodynamic structure theory. A deductive system for protein knowledge has been developed and several fundamental questions of protein science ca …
In this article, we show that much of our present knowledge of protein science is explainable by principles of protein thermodynam
Living systems approached from physical principles.
Schneider MF. Schneider MF. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2021 Jul;162:2-25. doi: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2020.10.001. Epub 2020 Oct 15. Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2021. PMID: 33068591 Review.
Indeed, we claim that the crucial system in biology isn't a molecule or a molecular class whatsoever, but the interface created by biomolecules in water. It is the physical or thermodynamic state of this 2D interface and the action of conservation laws on it, which determi …
Indeed, we claim that the crucial system in biology isn't a molecule or a molecular class whatsoever, but the interface created by biomolecu …
The application of thermodynamic principles to histochemical and morphometric tissue research: principles and practical outline with focus on the glycosciences.
Kayser K, Gabius HJ. Kayser K, et al. Cell Tissue Res. 1999 Jun;296(3):443-55. doi: 10.1007/s004410051305. Cell Tissue Res. 1999. PMID: 10370131 Review.
The current of entropy, which is equivalent to the amount of entropy exported or imported through a boundary, is an appropriate measure of the "thermodynamic distance" of the system under consideration from its environment, as is readily appreciated for tumors. ...Since bi …
The current of entropy, which is equivalent to the amount of entropy exported or imported through a boundary, is an appropriate measure of t …
Thermodynamics of Bioreactions.
Held C, Sadowski G. Held C, et al. Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2016 Jun 7;7:395-414. doi: 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-080615-034704. Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2016. PMID: 27276551 Review.
Thermodynamic principles have been applied to enzyme-catalyzed reactions since the beginning of the 1930s in an attempt to understand metabolic pathways. ...This article reviews the application of thermodynamics in enzyme-catalyzed reactions. It summarizes th
Thermodynamic principles have been applied to enzyme-catalyzed reactions since the beginning of the 1930s in an attempt to und
9,519 results