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Income inequality and schizophrenia: increased schizophrenia incidence in countries with high levels of income inequality.
Burns JK, Tomita A, Kapadia AS. Burns JK, et al. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2014 Mar;60(2):185-96. doi: 10.1177/0020764013481426. Epub 2013 Apr 16. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2014. PMID: 23594564 Free PMC article. Review.
METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of incidence rates for schizophrenia, reported between 1975 and 2011. For each country, national measures of income inequality (Gini coefficient) along with covariate risk factors for schizophrenia were obtained. ...There was a
METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of incidence rates for schizophrenia, reported between 1975 and 2011. For each country, nati …
A multilevel analysis of association between neighborhood social capital and depression: evidence from the first South African National Income Dynamics Study.
Tomita A, Burns JK. Tomita A, et al. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):101-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.05.066. Epub 2012 Aug 1. J Affect Disord. 2013. PMID: 22858263 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: As neuropsychiatric disorders account for a great proportion of the total burden of disease in sub-Saharan Africa, depression is rapidly emerging as a public health issue in South Africa. Given the divisions enforced by a legacy of the apartheid s …
BACKGROUND: As neuropsychiatric disorders account for a great proportion of the total burden of disease in sub-Saharan Africa, depres …
Health-related quality of life dynamics of HIV-positive South African women up to ART initiation: evidence from the CAPRISA 002 acute infection cohort study.
Tomita A, Garrett N, Werner L, Burns JK, Mpanza L, Mlisana K, van Loggerenberg F, Abdool Karim SS. Tomita A, et al. AIDS Behav. 2014 Jun;18(6):1114-23. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0682-y. AIDS Behav. 2014. PMID: 24368630 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
A higher educational status, contraceptive use and a higher BMI were the strongest predictors of higher overall/sub-scale FAHI scores. ...
A higher educational status, contraceptive use and a higher BMI were the strongest predictors of higher overall/sub-scale FAHI
The relationship between immigration and depression in South Africa: evidence from the first South African National Income Dynamics Study.
Tomita A, Labys CA, Burns JK. Tomita A, et al. J Immigr Minor Health. 2014 Dec;16(6):1062-8. doi: 10.1007/s10903-014-9987-9. J Immigr Minor Health. 2014. PMID: 24526432 Free PMC article.
Depression symptoms were assessed using a 10-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale. Immigrants in South Africa had fewer depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 10) than locally-born participants (17.1 vs. 32.4%, F = 13.5, p < 0.01). ...
Depression symptoms were assessed using a 10-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale. Immigrant …
Traditional and religious healers in the pathway to care for people with mental disorders in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Burns JK, Tomita A. Burns JK, et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2015 Jun;50(6):867-77. doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0989-7. Epub 2014 Dec 12. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2015. PMID: 25515608 Free PMC article. Review.
PURPOSE: In resource-limited contexts in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a considerable proportion of individuals seeking care for mental disorders consult traditional and religious healers in their pathway to mental health care. Reports from Africa suggest that …
PURPOSE: In resource-limited contexts in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a considerable proportion of individuals seeking c …
A multilevel analysis of the relationship between neighborhood social disorder and depressive symptoms: evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study.
Tomita A, Labys CA, Burns JK. Tomita A, et al. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2015 Jan;85(1):56-62. doi: 10.1037/ort0000049. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2015. PMID: 25642654 Free PMC article.
A cut-off score of 10 or higher was used to indicate the presence of significant depressive symptomatology. Results showed that perception of neighborhood social disorder was independently associated with significant levels of depressive symptomatology. ...Taking into acco
A cut-off score of 10 or higher was used to indicate the presence of significant depressive symptomatology. Results showed that perce
Depressive Symptoms Prior to Pregnancy and Infant Low Birth Weight in South Africa.
Tomita A, Labys CA, Burns JK. Tomita A, et al. Matern Child Health J. 2015 Oct;19(10):2179-86. doi: 10.1007/s10995-015-1732-z. Matern Child Health J. 2015. PMID: 25673370 Free PMC article.
Despite improvements in service delivery and patient management, low birth weight among infants has been a persistent challenge in South Africa. ...A total score of 10 or greater on the CES-D indicates a positive screen for depressive symptoms. An adjusted lo …
Despite improvements in service delivery and patient management, low birth weight among infants has been a persistent challenge in So …
Duration of untreated psychosis and the pathway to care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Tomita A, Burns JK, King H, Baumgartner JN, Davis GP, Mtshemla S, Nene S, Susser E. Tomita A, et al. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2015 Mar;203(3):222-5. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000268. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2015. PMID: 25714256 Free PMC article.
A cross-sectional study was conducted at a referral-based tertiary psychiatric government hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province. ...
A cross-sectional study was conducted at a referral-based tertiary psychiatric government hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province.
Beyond symptom management: Family relations, unmet needs of persons living with severe mental illnesses, and potential implications for social work in South Africa.
Tomita A, Burns JK, King H, Baumgartner JN, Davis GP, Mtshemla S, Nene S, Susser E. Tomita A, et al. Soc Work Health Care. 2016;55(1):12-27. doi: 10.1080/00981389.2015.1088926. Epub 2016 Jan 5. Soc Work Health Care. 2016. PMID: 26731612 Free PMC article.
This study examined the quality of family relationships and its associations with the severity of unmet needs of individuals admitted to a tertiary psychiatric hospital in South Africa. ...
This study examined the quality of family relationships and its associations with the severity of unmet needs of individuals admitted to …
Food Insecurity and Risk of Depression Among Refugees and Immigrants in South Africa.
Maharaj V, Tomita A, Thela L, Mhlongo M, Burns JK. Maharaj V, et al. J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Jun;19(3):631-637. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0370-x. J Immigr Minor Health. 2017. PMID: 26984226 Free PMC article.
Both food insecurity and mental illness are common in developing countries, but this relationship remains unexamined in an African refugee population. 335 adult refugees in Durban, South Africa were interviewed using a self-report of food insecurity and the Hopkins Symptom …
Both food insecurity and mental illness are common in developing countries, but this relationship remains unexamined in an African refugee p …
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