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Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink.
Shirreffs SM, Watson P, Maughan RJ. Shirreffs SM, et al. Among authors: watson p. Br J Nutr. 2007 Jul;98(1):173-80. doi: 10.1017/S0007114507695543. Epub 2007 Apr 26. Br J Nutr. 2007. PMID: 17459189
Cumulative urine output was less after the milk drinks were consumed (611 (sd 207) and 550 (sd 141) ml for milk and milk with added sodium, respectively, compared to 1184 (sd 321) and 1205 (sd 142) ml for the water and sports drink; P < 0.001). ...
Cumulative urine output was less after the milk drinks were consumed (611 (sd 207) and 550 (sd 141) ml for milk and milk with added sodium, …
Sucrose and Sodium but not Caffeine Content Influence the Retention of Beverages in Humans Under Euhydrated Conditions.
Maughan RJ, Watson P, Cordery PAA, Walsh NP, Oliver SJ, Dolci A, Rodriguez-Sanchez N, Galloway SDR. Maughan RJ, et al. Among authors: watson p. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2018 Oct 15:1-10. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0047. Online ahead of print. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2018. PMID: 29893590
Cumulative urine output was lower and net fluid balance was higher after 10 and 20% sucrose beverages than 0 and 5% sucrose beverages (p < .05), and after 27 and 52 mmol/L sodium beverages than 7 and 15 mmol/L sodium beverages (p < .05). No difference in urine …
Cumulative urine output was lower and net fluid balance was higher after 10 and 20% sucrose beverages than 0 and 5% sucrose beverages (p
Effect of Exercise Intensity on Subsequent Gastric Emptying Rate in Humans.
Evans GH, Watson P, Shirreffs SM, Maughan RJ. Evans GH, et al. Among authors: watson p. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2016 Apr;26(2):128-34. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0110. Epub 2015 Aug 31. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2016. PMID: 26322651
No differences (p > .05) were observed in emptying characteristics for total stomach volume or test meal volume between the trials, and the quantity of glucose delivered to the intestine did not differ between trials (p > .05). Half-emptying times did not diff …
No differences (p > .05) were observed in emptying characteristics for total stomach volume or test meal volume between the trials …
A Catecholamine Precursor Does Not Influence Exercise Performance in Warm Conditions.
Cordery P, James LJ, Peirce N, Maughan RJ, Watson P. Cordery P, et al. Among authors: watson p. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Mar;48(3):536-42. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000791. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016. PMID: 26460629 Clinical Trial.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the work done on the placebo (314 ± 43 kJ) and L-DOPA trials (326 ± 48 kJ, P = 0.276). Prolactin concentrations were increased at the end of the exercise in all trials (P < 0.001), but this response was attenuated a

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the work done on the placebo (314 ± 43 kJ) and L-DOPA trials (326 ± 48 kJ, P = 0.276) …
Chronic ingestion of a low dose of caffeine induces tolerance to the performance benefits of caffeine.
Beaumont R, Cordery P, Funnell M, Mears S, James L, Watson P. Beaumont R, et al. Among authors: watson p. J Sports Sci. 2017 Oct;35(19):1920-1927. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1241421. Epub 2016 Oct 20. J Sports Sci. 2017. PMID: 27762662 Clinical Trial.
All participants produced more external work during the precaf trial than testpla, with increases in the caffeine (383.3 ± 75 kJ vs. 344.9 ± 80.3 kJ; Cohen's d effect size [ES] = 0.49; P = 0.001) and placebo (354.5 ± 55.2 kJ vs. 333.1 ± 56.4 kJ; ES = 0.38; P = 0.004 …
All participants produced more external work during the precaf trial than testpla, with increases in the caffeine (383.3 ± 75 kJ vs. 344.9 ± …
A randomized trial to assess the potential of different beverages to affect hydration status: development of a beverage hydration index.
Maughan RJ, Watson P, Cordery PA, Walsh NP, Oliver SJ, Dolci A, Rodriguez-Sanchez N, Galloway SD. Maughan RJ, et al. Among authors: watson p. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar;103(3):717-23. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.114769. Epub 2015 Dec 23. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016. PMID: 26702122 Clinical Trial.

RESULTS: Total urine masses (mean ± SD) over 4 h were smaller than the still-water control (1337 ± 330 g) after an oral rehydration solution (ORS) (1038 ± 333 g, P < 0.001), full-fat milk (1052 ± 267 g, P < 0.001), and skimmed milk (1049 ± 334 g, P <

RESULTS: Total urine masses (mean ± SD) over 4 h were smaller than the still-water control (1337 ± 330 g) after an oral rehydration solution …
Hydration amongst nurses and doctors on-call (the HANDS on prospective cohort study).
El-Sharkawy AM, Bragg D, Watson P, Neal K, Sahota O, Maughan RJ, Lobo DN. El-Sharkawy AM, et al. Among authors: watson p. Clin Nutr. 2016 Aug;35(4):935-42. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2015.07.007. Epub 2015 Jul 16. Clin Nutr. 2016. PMID: 26216194
Mean (SD) urinary osmolality was significantly greater at the end of the shift when compared with the start [720 (282) vs. 622 (297) mOsm/kg, P = 0.031). ...Single number and five-letter Sternberg short-term memory tests were significantly impaired in dehydrated participan …
Mean (SD) urinary osmolality was significantly greater at the end of the shift when compared with the start [720 (282) vs. 622 (297) mOsm/kg …
Supplementation with a low-dose of octopamine does not influence endurance cycling performance in recreationally active men.
Beaumont RE, Cordery P, James LJ, Watson P. Beaumont RE, et al. Among authors: watson p. J Sci Med Sport. 2017 Oct;20(10):952-956. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.03.007. Epub 2017 Mar 21. J Sci Med Sport. 2017. PMID: 28389217
RESULTS: Performance was similar between the experimental trials (placebo: 352.8±39kJ; octopamine: 350.9±38.3kJ; Cohen's d effect size=0.05; p=0.380). Substrate oxidation and circulating concentrations of free fatty acids, prolactin and cortisol were similar between trial …
RESULTS: Performance was similar between the experimental trials (placebo: 352.8±39kJ; octopamine: 350.9±38.3kJ; Cohen's d effect size=0.05; …
Effects of solar radiation on endurance exercise capacity in a hot environment.
Otani H, Kaya M, Tamaki A, Watson P, Maughan RJ. Otani H, et al. Among authors: watson p. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Apr;116(4):769-79. doi: 10.1007/s00421-016-3335-9. Epub 2016 Feb 2. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016. PMID: 26842928

RESULTS: Exercise time to exhaustion was less on the 800 W/m(2) trial (23 ± 4 min) than on all the other trials (500 W/m(2) 30 ± 7 min; P < 0.05, 250 W/m(2) 43 ± 10 min; P < 0.001, 0 W/m(2) 46 ± 10 min; P < 0.001), and on the 500 W/m(2) trial than th

RESULTS: Exercise time to exhaustion was less on the 800 W/m(2) trial (23 ± 4 min) than on all the other trials (500 W/m(2) 30 ± 7 min; P
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