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1991 1
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International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and exercise performance.
Guest NS, VanDusseldorp TA, Nelson MT, Grgic J, Schoenfeld BJ, Jenkins NDM, Arent SM, Antonio J, Stout JR, Trexler ET, Smith-Ryan AE, Goldstein ER, Kalman DS, Campbell BI. Guest NS, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021 Jan 2;18(1):1. doi: 10.1186/s12970-020-00383-4. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021. PMID: 33388079 Free PMC article. Review.
The most commonly used timing of caffeine supplementation is 60 min pre-exercise. Optimal timing of caffeine ingestion likely depends on the source of caffeine. ...Alternative sources of caffeine such as caffeinated chewing gum, mouth rin …
The most commonly used timing of caffeine supplementation is 60 min pre-exercise. Optimal timing of caffeine ingestion likely …
Gum Chewing and Coffee Consumption but not Caffeine Intake Improve Bowel Function after Gastrointestinal Surgery: a Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.
Sinz S, Warschkow R, Tarantino I, Steffen T. Sinz S, et al. J Gastrointest Surg. 2023 Aug;27(8):1730-1745. doi: 10.1007/s11605-023-05702-z. Epub 2023 Jun 5. J Gastrointest Surg. 2023. PMID: 37277676 Free PMC article. Review.

This network meta-analysis aimed to compare the effectiveness of gum chewing and coffee and caffeine intake on ileus-related outcomes. ...Time to defecation was reduced by gum chewing and coffee, with MDs of -18 h (95% CI - 23 to - 13 h, P < 0.001) and -13

This network meta-analysis aimed to compare the effectiveness of gum chewing and coffee and caffeine intake on ileus-related o …
Administration of Caffeine in Alternate Forms.
Wickham KA, Spriet LL. Wickham KA, et al. Sports Med. 2018 Mar;48(Suppl 1):79-91. doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0848-2. Sports Med. 2018. PMID: 29368182 Free PMC article. Review.
Caffeinated chewing gum is absorbed quicker through the buccal mucosa compared with capsule delivery and absorption in the gut, although total caffeine absorption over time is not different. ...Studies with caffeinated energy drinks have generally not
Caffeinated chewing gum is absorbed quicker through the buccal mucosa compared with capsule delivery and absorption in the gut
Effects of caffeine intake on muscle strength and power: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Grgic J, Trexler ET, Lazinica B, Pedisic Z. Grgic J, et al. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018 Mar 5;15:11. doi: 10.1186/s12970-018-0216-0. eCollection 2018. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018. PMID: 29527137 Free PMC article. Review.
BACKGROUND: Caffeine is commonly used as an ergogenic aid. Literature about the effects of caffeine ingestion on muscle strength and power is equivocal. ...Due to the paucity of evidence, additional findings are needed in the female population and using different fo …
BACKGROUND: Caffeine is commonly used as an ergogenic aid. Literature about the effects of caffeine ingestion on muscle streng …
Intake of caffeine from all sources and reasons for use by college students.
Mahoney CR, Giles GE, Marriott BP, Judelson DA, Glickman EL, Geiselman PJ, Lieberman HR. Mahoney CR, et al. Clin Nutr. 2019 Apr;38(2):668-675. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2018.04.004. Epub 2018 Apr 10. Clin Nutr. 2019. PMID: 29680166 Free article.
Reasons for use of caffeine-containing products were assessed. RESULTS: Caffeine, in any form, was consumed by 92% of students in the past year. Mean daily caffeine consumption for all students, including non-consumers, was 159 mg/d with a mean intake of 173 …
Reasons for use of caffeine-containing products were assessed. RESULTS: Caffeine, in any form, was consumed by 92% of students …
Effects of Caffeine on Resistance Exercise: A Review of Recent Research.
Grgic J. Grgic J. Sports Med. 2021 Nov;51(11):2281-2298. doi: 10.1007/s40279-021-01521-x. Epub 2021 Jul 22. Sports Med. 2021. PMID: 34291426 Review.
Habitual caffeine intake and polymorphisms within CYP1A2 and ADORA2A do not seem to modulate caffeine's ergogenic effects on resistance exercise. ...Minimal effective doses of caffeine seem to be around 1.5 mg/kg. Alternate caffeine sources such …
Habitual caffeine intake and polymorphisms within CYP1A2 and ADORA2A do not seem to modulate caffeine's ergogenic effec …
Caffeine and sport.
Saunders B, da Costa LR, de Souza RAS, Barreto G, Marticorena FM. Saunders B, et al. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2023;106:95-127. doi: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2023.03.002. Epub 2023 Mar 21. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2023. PMID: 37722778
Scientific evidence supports its efficacy to improve high-intensity endurance exercise, explosive and high-intensity efforts, resistance exercise, team sports and combat sports, though individual variation in the ergogenic response to caffeine exists. Supplementation can b …
Scientific evidence supports its efficacy to improve high-intensity endurance exercise, explosive and high-intensity efforts, resistance exe …
Caffeine and Cognitive Functions in Sports: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Lorenzo Calvo J, Fei X, Domínguez R, Pareja-Galeano H. Lorenzo Calvo J, et al. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 6;13(3):868. doi: 10.3390/nu13030868. Nutrients. 2021. PMID: 33800853 Free PMC article.
The identified records reported on randomized cross-over studies in which caffeine intake (as drinks, capsules, energy bars, or gum) was compared to an identical placebo situation. ...For the systematic review, 13 studies examining the impacts of caffeine on …
The identified records reported on randomized cross-over studies in which caffeine intake (as drinks, capsules, energy bars, or gu
Effects of caffeine chewing gum supplementation on exercise performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Barreto G, Loureiro LMR, Reis CEG, Saunders B. Barreto G, et al. Eur J Sport Sci. 2023 May;23(5):714-725. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2022.2049885. Epub 2022 Mar 27. Eur J Sport Sci. 2023. PMID: 35239468 Free article.
The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the effect of caffeine gum (Caff-gum) on exercise performance-related outcomes. Several databases were searched for studies assessing the effect of Caff-gum in placebo-controlled pro …
The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the effect of caffeine gum (Caff-gum) on exercise …
Caffeine gum minimizes sleep inertia.
Newman RA, Kamimori GH, Wesensten NJ, Picchioni D, Balkin TJ. Newman RA, et al. Percept Mot Skills. 2013 Feb;116(1):280-93. doi: 10.2466/29.22.25.PMS.116.1.280-293. Percept Mot Skills. 2013. PMID: 23829154 Clinical Trial.
A 5-min. psychomotor vigilance task was administered at 0 min., 6 min., 12 min., and 18 min. post-awakening. At 0100, response speed with caffeine was significantly better at 12 min. and 18 min. post-awakening compared to placebo; at 0600, caffeine's effects …
A 5-min. psychomotor vigilance task was administered at 0 min., 6 min., 12 min., and 18 min. post-awakening. At 0100, response speed with …
125 results