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Year Number of Results
1949 1
1950 1
1968 1
1970 1
1972 1
1974 1
1975 11
1976 4
1977 2
1978 10
1979 12
1980 5
1981 3
1982 8
1983 5
1984 10
1985 6
1986 6
1987 6
1988 7
1989 5
1990 8
1991 9
1992 6
1993 14
1994 7
1995 5
1996 12
1997 13
1998 10
1999 7
2000 15
2001 19
2002 11
2003 10
2004 11
2005 14
2006 13
2007 7
2008 12
2009 12
2010 14
2011 20
2012 10
2013 15
2014 27
2015 24
2016 21
2017 25
2018 32
2019 31
2020 52
2021 18
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An examination of school reopening strategies during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
Landeros A, Ji X, Lange K, Stutz TC, Xu J, Sehl ME, Sinsheimer JS. Landeros A, et al. PLoS One. 2021 May 20;16(5):e0251242. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251242. eCollection 2021. PLoS One. 2021. PMID: 34014947 Free PMC article.
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies and detection of cases are imperative in creating a safe return to school. Furthermore, consequences of reclosing recently opened scho …
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies a …
Parental Educational Attainment, the Superior Temporal Cortical Surface Area, and Reading Ability among American Children: A Test of Marginalization-Related Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Thomas A, Cobb RJ, Hudson D, Curry TJ, Nicholson HL Jr, Cuevas AG, Mistry R, Chavous TM, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2021 May 18;8(5):412. doi: 10.3390/children8050412. Children (Basel). 2021. PMID: 34070118 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that parental educational attainment is associated with a larger superior temporal cortical surface area associated with higher reading ability in children. Simultaneously, the marginalization-related diminished returns ( …
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that parental educational attainment is associated with a larger superior temporal cortical surface ar …
Effect of a mentoring program for adolescents with physical disabilities attending a therapeutic camp.
Dawson S, McCormick B, Piatt J, Knapp D, Dickinson S. Dawson S, et al. J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2021 May 8. doi: 10.3233/PRM-190673. Online ahead of print. J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2021. PMID: 34024790
PURPOSE: Youth with physical disabilities are at an elevated risk for poor psychosocial health. ...However, there is a growing criticism that the effects of such programs diminish as participants return to home and school settings post residential camp experi …
PURPOSE: Youth with physical disabilities are at an elevated risk for poor psychosocial health. ...However, there is a growing critic …
Early life triggers for food allergy that in turn impacts dietary habits in childhood.
Vassilopoulou E, Vardaka E, Efthymiou D, Pitsios C. Vassilopoulou E, et al. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2021 May 1;49(3):146-152. doi: 10.15586/aei.v49i3.181. eCollection 2021. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2021. PMID: 33938200
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In order to investigate food allergy's prevalence, risk factors and eating behavior of children with relevant anamnesis, a study was performed in Cypriot primary schools. ...RESULTS: For the study, 202 questionnaires were completed and …
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In order to investigate food allergy's prevalence, risk factors and eating behavior of children w …
Clinical features, neurologic recovery, and risk factors of post-operative posterior fossa syndrome and delayed recovery: A prospective study.
Khan RB, Patay Z, Klimo P, Huang J, Kumar R, Boop FA, Raches D, Conklin HM, Sharma R, Simmons A, Sadighi ZS, Onar-Thomas A, Gajjar A, Robinson GW. Khan RB, et al. Neuro Oncol. 2021 Apr 5:noab030. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/noab030. Online ahead of print. Neuro Oncol. 2021. PMID: 33823018
Our aim was to clinically define PFS, its evolution over time, and ascertain risk factors for its development and poor recovery. METHODS: Children with medulloblastoma treated at St Jude Children's Research Hospital from 6/2013-7/2019 received standardized ne …
Our aim was to clinically define PFS, its evolution over time, and ascertain risk factors for its development and poor recovery. METHODS: …
Overdiagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Scoping Review.
Kazda L, Bell K, Thomas R, McGeechan K, Sims R, Barratt A. Kazda L, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215335. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5335. JAMA Netw Open. 2021. PMID: 33843998 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify, appraise, and synthesize the evidence on overdiagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents using a published 5-question framework for detecting overdiagnosis in noncancer conditions. ...However, only 5 studies evaluated the cri …
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify, appraise, and synthesize the evidence on overdiagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents
Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Cerebellum Cortex Fractional Anisotropy in Pre-Adolescents.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Adolescents. 2021 Jun;1(2):70-94. doi: 10.3390/adolescents1020007. Epub 2021 Mar 31. Adolescents. 2021. PMID: 34095893 Free PMC article.
METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, we analyzed the diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (dMRI) data of 9565, 9-10-year-old pre-adolescents. ...This finding is in line with the Marginalization-related Diminished
METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, we analyzed the diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imagin …
Resting-State Functional Connectivity between Putamen and Salience Network and Childhood Body Mass Index.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Neurol Int. 2021 Mar 4;13(1):85-101. doi: 10.3390/neurolint13010009. Neurol Int. 2021. PMID: 33806587 Free PMC article.
Other/Mixed Race children also showed a pattern similar to Non-Hispanic Black children. ...While right putamen functional connectivity to the salience network is associated with Non-Hispanic White children's BMI, Non-Hispanic Black children' BMI …
Other/Mixed Race children also showed a pattern similar to Non-Hispanic Black children. ...While right putamen functional conn …
Patients' views of long-term results of bariatric surgery for super-obesity: sustained effects, but continuing struggles.
Järvholm K, Olbers T, Engström M. Järvholm K, et al. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021 Jun;17(6):1152-1164. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2021.02.024. Epub 2021 Mar 2. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021. PMID: 33785271 Free article.
Most participants acknowledged a continued effect on their appetite, which could be important information for patients who worry about a diminished effect after the first year postsurgery. Participants were prone to self-blame when things did not turn out the way they want …
Most participants acknowledged a continued effect on their appetite, which could be important information for patients who worry about a …
Grief and Bereavement in Fathers After the Death of a Child: A Systematic Review.
McNeil MJ, Baker JN, Snyder I, Rosenberg AR, Kaye EC. McNeil MJ, et al. Pediatrics. 2021 Mar 1:e2020040386. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-040386. Online ahead of print. Pediatrics. 2021. PMID: 33648950 Review.
CONTEXT: The death of a child is devastating, and complicated grief adversely impacts parental physical and psychosocial well-being. ...STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria encompassed English language articles published between 2007 and 2019 that evaluated the grief and be …
CONTEXT: The death of a child is devastating, and complicated grief adversely impacts parental physical and psychosocial well-being. …
A developmental perspective on personality and psychopathology across the life span.
Wilson S, Olino TM. Wilson S, et al. J Pers. 2021 Feb 7. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12623. Online ahead of print. J Pers. 2021. PMID: 33550639
Cross-sectional investigations of personality-psychopathology links in samples of adults now yield diminishing returns. Prospective, longitudinal investigations that assess personality, psychopathology, and their co-development across the life span are needed to det …
Cross-sectional investigations of personality-psychopathology links in samples of adults now yield diminishing returns. Prospe …
Developmental antecedents of social anhedonia: The roles of early temperament and sex.
Mumper EE, Finsaas MC, Goldstein BL, Gooding DC, Klein DN. Mumper EE, et al. Dev Psychopathol. 2021 Feb;33(1):363-371. doi: 10.1017/S0954579420000024. Dev Psychopathol. 2021. PMID: 32375907
This study examined whether temperament and parenting in early childhood predict social anhedonia in early adolescence. We also explored whether the relationships between early predictors and social anhedonia are moderated by a child's sex. ...The participant …
This study examined whether temperament and parenting in early childhood predict social anhedonia in early adolescence. We also explo …
Sex differences in μ-opioid regulation of coerulear-cortical transmission.
Guajardo HM, Valentino RJ. Guajardo HM, et al. Neurosci Lett. 2021 Feb 16;746:135651. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2021.135651. Epub 2021 Jan 19. Neurosci Lett. 2021. PMID: 33482313
LC activation by stressors is modulated by endogenous opioids that restrain LC activation and facilitate a return to baseline activity upon stress termination. Sex differences in this opioid influence could be a basis for sex differences in stress vulnerability. ...Togethe …
LC activation by stressors is modulated by endogenous opioids that restrain LC activation and facilitate a return to baseline activit …
The Influence of Quantitative Intervention Dosage on Oral Language Outcomes for Children With Developmental Language Disorder: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.
Frizelle P, Tolonen AK, Tulip J, Murphy CA, Saldana D, McKean C. Frizelle P, et al. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2021 Apr 20;52(2):738-754. doi: 10.1044/2020_LSHSS-20-00058. Epub 2021 Jan 19. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2021. PMID: 33465314
Results Two hundred forty-four articles reported on oral language interventions with children with DLD in the domains of interest; 13 focused on experimentally/statistically manipulating quantitative aspects of dosage. ...Findings to date suggest that there is a point in v …
Results Two hundred forty-four articles reported on oral language interventions with children with DLD in the domains of interest; 13 …
Black-White Achievement Gap: Role of Race, School Urbanity, and Parental Education.
Assari S, Mardani A, Maleki M, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2021 Jan 6;12:1-11. doi: 10.2147/PHMT.S238877. eCollection 2021. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2021. PMID: 33442317 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Recent research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has documented weaker boosting effects of parental educational attainment on educational outcomes of Black than White students. ...Given that Blacks are more likely than Whites to atten …
BACKGROUND: Recent research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has documented weaker boosting effects of par …
Continuous lengthening potential after four years of magnetically controlled spinal deformity correction in children with spinal muscular atrophy.
Lorenz HM, Hecker MM, Braunschweig L, Badwan B, Tsaknakis K, Hell AK. Lorenz HM, et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Dec 30;10(1):22420. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-79821-x. Sci Rep. 2020. PMID: 33380733 Free PMC article.
Additional clinical data of the complications were also analyzed. 17 children (mean age 7.4 years) were surgically treated and underwent a total of 376 lengthenings. ...Therefore, the previously described 'law of diminishing returns' could not be applied to t …
Additional clinical data of the complications were also analyzed. 17 children (mean age 7.4 years) were surgically treated and underw …
Association of tiered restrictions and a second lockdown with COVID-19 deaths and hospital admissions in England: a modelling study.
Davies NG, Barnard RC, Jarvis CI, Russell TW, Semple MG, Jit M, Edmunds WJ; Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases COVID-19 Working Group; ISARIC4C investigators. Davies NG, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;21(4):482-492. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30984-1. Epub 2020 Dec 24. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021. PMID: 33357518 Free PMC article.
A projected lockdown of greater than 4 weeks would reduce deaths but would bring diminishing returns in reducing peak pressure on hospital services. ...
A projected lockdown of greater than 4 weeks would reduce deaths but would bring diminishing returns in reducing peak pressure …
Parental Education, Household Income, and Cortical Surface Area among 9-10 Years Old Children: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Brain Sci. 2020 Dec 9;10(12):956. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10120956. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 33317053 Free PMC article.
Results: High parental education and household income were associated with larger children's whole-brain cortical surface area. The effects of high parental education and high household income on children's whole-brain cortical surface area were modifi …
Results: High parental education and household income were associated with larger children's whole-brain cortical surface area …
Nuclear numbers in syncytial muscle fibers promote size but limit the development of larger myonuclear domains.
Cramer AAW, Prasad V, Eftestøl E, Song T, Hansson KA, Dugdale HF, Sadayappan S, Ochala J, Gundersen K, Millay DP. Cramer AAW, et al. Nat Commun. 2020 Dec 8;11(1):6287. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-20058-7. Nat Commun. 2020. PMID: 33293533 Free PMC article.
We propose that as myonuclear numbers increase, the range of transcriptional return on a per nuclear basis in myofibers diminishes, which accounts for both the absolute reliance developing myofibers have on nuclear accrual to establish size, and the limits of adapta …
We propose that as myonuclear numbers increase, the range of transcriptional return on a per nuclear basis in myofibers diminishes
Parental Education, Household Income, Race, and Children's Working Memory: Complexity of the Effects.
Akhlaghipour G, Assari S. Akhlaghipour G, et al. Brain Sci. 2020 Dec 7;10(12):950. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10120950. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 33297546 Free PMC article.
Considering race as sociological rather than a biological construct (race as a proxy of racism) and built on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs), this study explored complexities of the effects of SDoHs on children's working memory. Methods. We borro …
Considering race as sociological rather than a biological construct (race as a proxy of racism) and built on Minorities' Diminished
Family's Subjective Economic Status and Children's Matrix Reasoning: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Res Health Sci. 2021 Nov 29;6(1):1-23. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v6n1p1. Epub 2020 Nov 29. Res Health Sci. 2021. PMID: 33299959
Such MDRs are also documented for the effects of economic status on the school performance of non-Hispanic Black children. However, the existing knowledge is minimal on similar diminished returns on children's intelligence. ...To minimize the ra …
Such MDRs are also documented for the effects of economic status on the school performance of non-Hispanic Black children. However, t …
Mental Rotation in American Children: Diminished Returns of Parental Education in Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Pediatr Rep. 2020 Nov 20;12(3):130-141. doi: 10.3390/pediatric12030028. Pediatr Rep. 2020. PMID: 33233814 Free PMC article.
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that, under racism and social stratification, family SES and particularly parental education show weaker effects on children's tangible outcomes for marginalized, racialized, and minoritized families, parti …
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that, under racism and social stratification, family SES and particularly parent …
Disordered autonomic function during exposure to moderate heat or exercise in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.
Sahai N, Bard AM, Devinsky O, Kalume F. Sahai N, et al. Neurobiol Dis. 2021 Jan;147:105154. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.105154. Epub 2020 Nov 2. Neurobiol Dis. 2021. PMID: 33144172 Free PMC article.
In the following mins of heat exposure, the temperature slowly returned close to baseline level in WT, whereas it remained elevated in DS mice. ...These effects were seen in mice with selective KO of Scn1A in GABAergic neurons. During exercise stress, there was diminish
In the following mins of heat exposure, the temperature slowly returned close to baseline level in WT, whereas it remained elevated i …
American Children's Screen Time: Diminished Returns of Household Income in Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Information (Basel). 2020 Nov;11(11):538. doi: 10.3390/info11110538. Epub 2020 Nov 20. Information (Basel). 2020. PMID: 33282415 Free PMC article.
According to Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, family income and other economic resources show weaker association with children's developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for racialized groups such as black families, due to the effect …
According to Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, family income and other economic resources show weaker association …
Subjective Socioeconomic Status and Children's Amygdala Volume: Minorities' Diminish Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. NeuroSci. 2020 Dec;1(2):59-74. doi: 10.3390/neurosci1020006. Epub 2020 Oct 5. NeuroSci. 2020. PMID: 33103157 Free PMC article.
Considering race and ethnicity as sociological rather than biological constructs, this study was built on minorities' diminished returns (MDRs) to test if the effects of family SES on the total amygdala volume is weaker for black and Latino children than whit …
Considering race and ethnicity as sociological rather than biological constructs, this study was built on minorities' diminished r
Household Income and Children's Depressive Symptoms: Immigrants' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Int J Travel Med Glob Health. 2020 Fall;8(4):157-164. doi: 10.34172/IJTMGH.2020.27. Int J Travel Med Glob Health. 2020. PMID: 34036110 Free PMC article.
To investigate the MDRs of household income on children's depression as a function of immigration, we compared non-immigrant and immigrant children for the effect of household income on children's depressive symptoms. ...The primary outcome was …
To investigate the MDRs of household income on children's depression as a function of immigration, we compared non-immigrant a …
Parental Human Capital and Adolescents' Executive Function: Immigrants' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Med Res Arch. 2020 Oct;8(10):10.18103/mra.v8i10.2235. doi: 10.18103/mra.v8i10.2235. Epub 2020 Nov 16. Med Res Arch. 2020. PMID: 33251336 Free PMC article.
However, the existing knowledge is minimal about the role of executive function in explaining diminished returns of family SEP on adolescents' outcomes. To investigate racial differences in the effects of parental human capital on adolescents' executiv …
However, the existing knowledge is minimal about the role of executive function in explaining diminished returns of family SEP …
Maternal Education at Birth and Youth Breakfast Consumption at Age 15: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. J (Basel). 2020 Sep;3(3):313-323. doi: 10.3390/j3030024. Epub 2020 Sep 16. J (Basel). 2020. PMID: 33015572 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Based on the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, high socioeconomic status (SES) such as parental education shows weaker effects for Blacks than Whites. ...CONCLUSIONS: Diminished returns of maternal educational att …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, high socioeconomic status (SES) such as …
Parent Education and Future Transition to Cigarette Smoking: Latinos' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Front Pediatr. 2020 Aug 19;8:457. doi: 10.3389/fped.2020.00457. eCollection 2020. Front Pediatr. 2020. PMID: 32974240 Free PMC article.
Background: High parent education is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Minorities' Diminished Returns theory, however, higher parent education seems to exert less protection for the ethnic minority relative t …
Background: High parent education is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Minorities' …
Subjective Family Socioeconomic Status and Adolescents' Attention: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 23;7(8):80. doi: 10.3390/children7080080. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32718077 Free PMC article.
The existing knowledge is, however, minimal about the role of attention in explaining the diminished returns of the families' SES with regard to the adolescents' outcomes. ...Conclusion: The boosting effect of subjective family SES on attention is diminish
The existing knowledge is, however, minimal about the role of attention in explaining the diminished returns of the families' …
African American Children's Diminished Returns of Subjective Family Socioeconomic Status on Fun Seeking.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 9;7(7):75. doi: 10.3390/children7070075. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32660094 Free PMC article.
It is plausible to expect weaker protective effects of family SES on reward sensitivity in racial minorities, a pattern called Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs). Aim: We compared Caucasian and African American (AA) children for the effects of subjective f …
It is plausible to expect weaker protective effects of family SES on reward sensitivity in racial minorities, a pattern called Minorities' …
Diminished Returns of Parental Education in Terms of Youth School Performance: Ruling out Regression toward the Mean.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 7;7(7):74. doi: 10.3390/children7070074. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32645933 Free PMC article.
Similar MDRs also exist for the effects of parental education on the school performance of ethnic minority youth. AIM: To assess whether regression toward the mean (RTM) has any role in explaining the diminished effects of parental education on the school performanc …
Similar MDRs also exist for the effects of parental education on the school performance of ethnic minority youth. AIM: To assess whet …
A Dream Deferred: African American Women's Diminished Socioeconomic Returns of Postponing Childbearing from Teenage to Adulthood.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Reprod Med (Basel). 2020 Sep;1(2):62-76. doi: 10.3390/reprodmed1020005. Epub 2020 Jul 1. Reprod Med (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32803191 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Brookings Institution has identified postponing childbirth from teenage to adulthood as a major strategy that is needed for upward social mobility of women. However, according to the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs), the associations between aspirat …
BACKGROUND: Brookings Institution has identified postponing childbirth from teenage to adulthood as a major strategy that is needed for upwa …
How risk communication could have reduced controversy about school closures in Australia during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Leask J, Hooker C. Leask J, et al. Public Health Res Pract. 2020 Jun 30;30(2):3022007. doi: 10.17061/phrp3022007. Public Health Res Pract. 2020. PMID: 32601650 Free article.
In this article we analyse the factors that drove high levels of concern among parents, teachers and the public and led to both demands for school closures in late March 2020, and to many parents' reluctance to return their children to school in May 2020. We discuss …
In this article we analyse the factors that drove high levels of concern among parents, teachers and the public and led to both demands for …
Reward Responsiveness in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study: African Americans' Diminished Returns of Parental Education.
Assari S, Boyce S, Akhlaghipour G, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Brain Sci. 2020 Jun 19;10(6):391. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10060391. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 32575523 Free PMC article.
It is still unknown if some of this racial and economic gap is attributed to weaker effects of parental education for African Americans, a pattern also called minorities' diminished returns (MDRs). (2) Aim: We compared non-Hispanic White and African American adol
It is still unknown if some of this racial and economic gap is attributed to weaker effects of parental education for African Americans, a p …
Family Socioeconomic Status and Exposure to Childhood Trauma: Racial Differences.
Assari S. Assari S. Children (Basel). 2020 Jun 3;7(6):57. doi: 10.3390/children7060057. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32503310 Free PMC article.
Our existing knowledge is minimal, however, about diminished returns of family SES on reducing exposure to childhood trauma. ...CONCLUSION: The protective effects of parental education and family income against exposure to childhood trauma are systematically dimi
Our existing knowledge is minimal, however, about diminished returns of family SES on reducing exposure to childhood trauma. . …
"I Was Wrong": A Surgeon's First-Person Account of His COVID-19 Illness.
Stanford JL. Stanford JL. Am Surg. 2020 Jun;86(6):572-576. doi: 10.1177/0003134820924398. Am Surg. 2020. PMID: 32683964
After a week-and-a-half of illness, misery, and fear, he began to improve: first, his fevers diminished, breathing came more easily, and coughing spells occurred less frequently, if still unpredictably. Now with his strength slowly returning, he contemplated retu
After a week-and-a-half of illness, misery, and fear, he began to improve: first, his fevers diminished, breathing came more easily, …
Family Income and Gang Presence in the Neighborhood: Diminished Returns of Black Families.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. Urban Sci. 2020 Jun;4(2):29. doi: 10.3390/urbansci4020029. Epub 2020 Jun 24. Urban Sci. 2020. PMID: 32671278 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status, such as higher family income, show weaker protective effects on various developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for Black than White families. . …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status, such as hig …
African Americans' Diminished Returns of Parental Education on Adolescents' Depression and Suicide in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. 2020 Jun;10(2):656-668. doi: 10.3390/ejihpe10020048. Epub 2020 Jun 16. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. 2020. PMID: 32656052 Free PMC article.
To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents' depressed mood and suicidal attempts in the U.S. As proposed by the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs), …
To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents' …
Impact of a Standardized Clinical Pathway for Suspected and Confirmed Ileocolic Intussusception.
Shubin CE, Rutman LE, Stanescu AL, Vora SB, Drugas GT, Leu MG, Burns RA. Shubin CE, et al. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2020 May 28;5(3):e298. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000298. eCollection 2020 May-Jun. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2020. PMID: 32656466 Free PMC article.
METHODS: Our multidisciplinary team designed an intussusception clinical pathway and implemented it in a tertiary children's hospital ED in October 2016. Process measures included the proportion of patients who underwent abdominal radiography, had laboratory studies …
METHODS: Our multidisciplinary team designed an intussusception clinical pathway and implemented it in a tertiary children's h …
Protective Effects of Parental Education Against Youth Cigarette Smoking: Diminished Returns of Blacks and Hispanics.
Assari S, Mistry R, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2020 May 22;11:63-71. doi: 10.2147/AHMT.S238441. eCollection 2020. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2020. PMID: 32547284 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: High parental educational attainment is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, however, higher parental education is less protective for margin …
BACKGROUND: High parental educational attainment is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to …
Parental Education on Youth Inhibitory Control in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Brain Sci. 2020 May 21;10(5):312. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10050312. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 32455841 Free PMC article.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis that included 4188 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. ...CONCLUSION: Parental educational attainment boosts inhibitory control for NHW but not NHB youth. To minimize the racial gap …
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis that included 4188 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) s …
Minorities' Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents' Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 May 18;7(5):49. doi: 10.3390/children7050049. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32443584 Free PMC article.
Aim: To compare racial groups for the effect of parental educational attainment on adolescents' social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 10,762 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study were …
Aim: To compare racial groups for the effect of parental educational attainment on adolescents' social, emotional, and behavioral pro …
Parental Educational Attainment and Social Environmental of Urban Public Schools in the U.S.: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA, Assari S. Boyce S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 May 10;7(5):44. doi: 10.3390/children7050044. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32397657 Free PMC article.
The diminished returns of parental education in reducing school social environmental risk may explain why the effects of parental education on educational outcomes are smaller for non-Hispanic Black than non-Hispanic White youths (i.e., MDRs). The social envi …
The diminished returns of parental education in reducing school social environmental risk may explain why the effects of paren …
Longitudinal Trends in Sport Participation and Retention of Women and Girls.
Eime R, Harvey J, Charity M, Westerbeek H. Eime R, et al. Front Sports Act Living. 2020 Apr 16;2:39. doi: 10.3389/fspor.2020.00039. eCollection 2020. Front Sports Act Living. 2020. PMID: 33345031 Free PMC article.
The proportion who dropped out during the 7 year period and did not return varied with age in the converse manner, as did the proportion of single-year players. ...Strategies specifically relating to retention of girls and young women during adolescence should be de …
The proportion who dropped out during the 7 year period and did not return varied with age in the converse manner, as did the proport …
Review of injection techniques for spermatogonial stem cell transplantation.
Gul M, Hildorf S, Dong L, Thorup J, Hoffmann ER, Jensen CFS, Sønksen J, Cortes D, Fedder J, Andersen CY, Goossens E. Gul M, et al. Hum Reprod Update. 2020 Apr 15;26(3):368-391. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmaa003. Hum Reprod Update. 2020. PMID: 32163572 Review.
For this reason, several centres around the world are collecting and cryopreserving testicular tissue or cells anticipating that, in the near future, some patients will return for SSC transplantation. This review summarizes the current knowledge and utility of SSC transpla …
For this reason, several centres around the world are collecting and cryopreserving testicular tissue or cells anticipating that, in the nea …
Place-Based Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on School Performance of Non-Hispanic White Youth.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Front Educ (Lausanne). 2020 Apr;5:30. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2020.00030. Epub 2020 Apr 9. Front Educ (Lausanne). 2020. PMID: 32596626 Free PMC article.
This effect, however, is shown to be smaller for African American, Hispanic, and Asian American youth, a pattern called Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs). It is, however, unknown if it is race/ethnicity or other conditions associated with race …
This effect, however, is shown to be smaller for African American, Hispanic, and Asian American youth, a pattern called Marginalizati …
Sustainable care for children with cancer: a Lancet Oncology Commission.
Atun R, Bhakta N, Denburg A, Frazier AL, Friedrich P, Gupta S, Lam CG, Ward ZJ, Yeh JM, Allemani C, Coleman MP, Di Carlo V, Loucaides E, Fitchett E, Girardi F, Horton SE, Bray F, Steliarova-Foucher E, Sullivan R, Aitken JF, Banavali S, Binagwaho A, Alcasabas P, Antillon F, Arora RS, Barr RD, Bouffet E, Challinor J, Fuentes-Alabi S, Gross T, Hagander L, Hoffman RI, Herrera C, Kutluk T, Marcus KJ, Moreira C, Pritchard-Jones K, Ramirez O, Renner L, Robison LL, Shalkow J, Sung L, Yeoh A, Rodriguez-Galindo C. Atun R, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2020 Apr;21(4):e185-e224. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30022-X. Lancet Oncol. 2020. PMID: 32240612 Review.
At current levels of health system performance (including access and referral), 61 million (449%) of these children will be undiagnosed. Between 2020 and 2050, 111 million children will die from cancer if no additional investments are made to improve access to healt …
At current levels of health system performance (including access and referral), 61 million (449%) of these children will be undiagnos …
Parental Educational Attainment and Black-White Adolescents' Achievement Gap: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Open J Soc Sci. 2020 Mar;8(3):282-297. doi: 10.4236/jss.2020.83026. Open J Soc Sci. 2020. PMID: 32368561 Free PMC article.
Diminishing returns of parental educational attainment (MDRs) may be an unrecognized source of racial youth disparities. ...There is a need for public and economic policies that reduce diminished returns of SES for Black families....
Diminishing returns of parental educational attainment (MDRs) may be an unrecognized source of racial youth disparities
The impact of discharge contracture on return to work after burn injury: A Burn Model System investigation.
Pham TN, Goldstein R, Carrougher GJ, Gibran NS, Goverman J, Esselman PC, Kazis LE, Ryan CM, Schneider JC. Pham TN, et al. Burns. 2020 May;46(3):539-545. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2020.02.001. Epub 2020 Feb 20. Burns. 2020. PMID: 32088093
We performed descriptive analyses and predictive modeling to identify injury and patient factors associated with return to work (RTW) at 6, 12, and 24 months. RESULTS: A total of 1,203 participant records met criteria for study inclusion. ...Among 801 (67%) participants wh …
We performed descriptive analyses and predictive modeling to identify injury and patient factors associated with return to work (RTW) …
The Price of the Ticket: Health Costs of Upward Mobility among African Americans.
Hudson D, Sacks T, Irani K, Asher A. Hudson D, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 13;17(4):1179. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17041179. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020. PMID: 32069785 Free PMC article.
There is a growing literature that has documented diminishing health returns on upward social mobility among Black Americans. ...The sum of these stressors is posited to affect multiple health outcomes and elucidate the mechanisms through which socioeconomic retu
There is a growing literature that has documented diminishing health returns on upward social mobility among Black Americans. …
ACL injury and reconstruction affect control of ground reaction forces produced during a novel task that simulates cutting movements.
Lanier AS, Knarr BA, Stergiou N, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Lanier AS, et al. J Orthop Res. 2020 Aug;38(8):1746-1752. doi: 10.1002/jor.24604. Epub 2020 Feb 3. J Orthop Res. 2020. PMID: 31971281
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction, biomechanical and neuromuscular control deficits persist and 25% of those who have experienced an ACL injury will experience a second ACL rupture in the first year after returning to sports. There remains a …
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction, biomechanical and neuromuscular control deficits persist and 25% of those …
Mathematical Performance of American Youth: Diminished Returns of Educational Attainment of Asian-American Parents.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Educ Sci (Basel). 2020 Feb;10(2):32. Epub 2020 Feb 5. Educ Sci (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32201681 Free PMC article.
The Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDR) phenomenon refers to the weaker effects of parental educational attainment for marginalized groups, particularly ethnic minorities. ...Diminished returns (weaker effects of parental education in gene …
The Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDR) phenomenon refers to the weaker effects of parental educational attainmen …
Parental educational attainment and relatives' substance use of American youth: Hispanics Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Caldwell C, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. J Biosci Med (Irvine). 2020 Feb;8(2):122-134. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2020.82010. Epub 2020 Feb 28. J Biosci Med (Irvine). 2020. PMID: 32123689 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVES: Research on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) in middle-class Hispanic and Black youth and adults. ...METHODS: Current longitudinal study used waves 1 and wave 4 data of th …
OBJECTIVES: Research on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcoho …
Prospectively collected surgeon indications for discontinuation of a lengthening program for early-onset scoliosis.
Murphy RF, Barfield WR, St Hilaire T, Smith JT, Emans JB, Samdani A, Garg S, Sawyer JR, Pahys JM; Children’s Spine Study Group. Murphy RF, et al. Spine Deform. 2020 Feb;8(1):129-133. doi: 10.1007/s43390-020-00048-x. Epub 2020 Jan 24. Spine Deform. 2020. PMID: 31981149
INTRODUCTION: At some point after children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergo implantation of a distraction construct to control deformity and promote growth, a decision is made to discontinue lengthening. ...The most commonly cited indications for discontinuation of …
INTRODUCTION: At some point after children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergo implantation of a distraction construct to contro …
Dimensional Change Card Sorting of American Children: Marginalization-Related Diminished Returns of Age.
Assari S. Assari S. Child Teenagers. 2020;3(2):72-92. doi: 10.22158/ct.v3n2p72. Epub 2020 Nov 23. Child Teenagers. 2020. PMID: 33299967 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: While age is associated with an increase in cognitive flexibility and executive functioning as a result of normal development during childhood, less is known about the effect of racial variation in children's age-related cognitive development. The Margin …
BACKGROUND: While age is associated with an increase in cognitive flexibility and executive functioning as a result of normal development du …
Age-Related Decline in Children's Reward Sensitivity: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2020;5(3):112-128. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v5n3p112. Epub 2020 Nov 6. Res Health Sci. 2020. PMID: 33274304 Free PMC article.
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that resources and assets show weaker effects on Black children than White children. ...A significant interaction was found between race and age when it comes to children's reward sensitivity. …
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that resources and assets show weaker effects on Black children than Whit …
Prefrontal Cortex Response to Threat: Race by Age Variation in 9-10 Year Old Children.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Saqib M, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. J Ment Health Clin Psychol. 2020;4(4):1-12. doi: 10.29245/2578-2959/2020/4.1209. Epub 2020 Oct 12. J Ment Health Clin Psychol. 2020. PMID: 33241232 Free PMC article.
We explored racial heterogeneities in the association between age and PFC response to threat by comparing Black and White children. METHODS: This study used the task-based functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) data from the Adolescents Brain Cognitive Develop …
We explored racial heterogeneities in the association between age and PFC response to threat by comparing Black and White children. M …
Youth Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems in the ABCD Study: Minorities' Diminished Returns of Family Income.
Assari S. Assari S. J Econ Public Financ. 2020;6(4):1-19. doi: 10.22158/jepf.v6n4p1. Epub 2020 Oct 10. J Econ Public Financ. 2020. PMID: 33123624 Free PMC article.
Our existing knowledge is minimal about diminished returns of family income on parental reports of youth social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. ...CONCLUSION: The protective effects of family income against behavioral problems are systematically dimin
Our existing knowledge is minimal about diminished returns of family income on parental reports of youth social, emotio …
Protective Effects of Maternal Education against Low Birth Weight Deliveries: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2020;5(4):1-17. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v5n4p1. Epub 2020 Sep 15. Res Health Sci. 2020. PMID: 33117952 Free PMC article.
That is, smaller protective effects of maternal education on reducing LBW for Black than White children contribute to the high prevalence of chronic diseases among adolescents in urban settings. Health disparities are not just due to racial differences in socioecono …
That is, smaller protective effects of maternal education on reducing LBW for Black than White children contribute to the high preval …
College Graduation and Wealth Accumulation: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. World J Educ Res. 2020;7(3):1-18. doi: 10.22158/wjer.v7n3p1. Epub 2020 Jun 28. World J Educ Res. 2020. PMID: 32802944 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status (SES), such as high maternal educational attainment, show weaker protective effects on various developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for Black …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status (SES), such …
Parental Education and Spanking of American Children: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. World J Educ Res. 2020;7(3):19-44. doi: 10.22158/wjer.v7n3p19. World J Educ Res. 2020. PMID: 32734000 Free PMC article.
Limited knowledge exists on MDRs of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the mother. AIMS: Built on the MDRs framework, we tested the hypothesis of whether the effect of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the …
Limited knowledge exists on MDRs of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the mother. AIMS: Built on the M …
Workforce Issues in Pediatric Ophthalmology.
Bernstein BK, Nelson LB. Bernstein BK, et al. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020 Jan 1;57(1):9-11. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20191101-01. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020. PMID: 31972034 Review.
Of those fellows who do match in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, many are international medical graduates who often return to their native countries to practice, further diminishing the supply of pediatric ophthalmologists in the United States. In previous s …
Of those fellows who do match in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, many are international medical graduates who often return to …
The effects of aversive-to-appetitive counterconditioning on implicit and explicit fear memory.
Keller NE, Dunsmoor JE. Keller NE, et al. Learn Mem. 2019 Dec 16;27(1):12-19. doi: 10.1101/lm.050740.119. Print 2020 Jan. Learn Mem. 2019. PMID: 31843978 Free PMC article.
., category exemplars) from one category were then extinguished, while stimuli from the other category were paired with a positive outcome. Participants returned 24-h later for a test of skin conductance responses (SCR) to the conditioned exemplars, as well as a surprise r …
., category exemplars) from one category were then extinguished, while stimuli from the other category were paired with a positive outcome. …
Male and Female Adolescent Athletes' Readiness to Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Reconstruction.
Kostyun RO, Burland JP, Kostyun KJ, Milewski MD, Nissen CW. Kostyun RO, et al. Clin J Sport Med. 2019 Nov 14. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000751. Online ahead of print. Clin J Sport Med. 2019. PMID: 31743222
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether readiness to return to sport (RTS) differed between adolescent male and female athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). ...CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a longitudinal depiction o …
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether readiness to return to sport (RTS) differed between adolescent mal …
Association Between Parental Educational Attainment and Youth Outcomes and Role of Race/Ethnicity.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Nov 1;2(11):e1916018. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16018. JAMA Netw Open. 2019. PMID: 31755951 Free PMC article.
IMPORTANCE: The concept of minorities' diminished returns refers to the smaller protective effects of educational attainment for racial and ethnic minority groups compared with those for majority groups. ...The result is an increased health risk in youth from …
IMPORTANCE: The concept of minorities' diminished returns refers to the smaller protective effects of educational attainment f …
Females Decrease Vertical Ground Reaction Forces Following 4-Week Jump-Landing Feedback Intervention Without Negative Affect on Vertical Jump Performance.
Ericksen HM, Lefevre C, Luc-Harkey BA, Thomas AC, Gribble PA, Pietrosimone B. Ericksen HM, et al. J Sport Rehabil. 2019 Nov 1;28(8):866-870. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2018-0140. J Sport Rehabil. 2019. PMID: 30300051 Clinical Trial.
The feedback group participated in 12 sessions over the 4-week period consisting of feedback provided for 6 sets of 6 jumps off a 30-cm box. The control group was instructed to return to the lab 28 days following the baseline measurements. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change sco …
The feedback group participated in 12 sessions over the 4-week period consisting of feedback provided for 6 sets of 6 jumps off a 30-cm box. …
A typology of social capital and its mixed blessing for suicidal ideation: A multilevel study of college students.
Peng S, Yang XY, Rockett IRH. Peng S, et al. Soc Sci Med. 2019 Dec;243:112640. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112640. Epub 2019 Oct 22. Soc Sci Med. 2019. PMID: 31665656
We hypothesize not all dimensions of social capital protect individuals from suicidal ideation, and the beneficial return from some types also gradually diminishes. METHODS: We conducted a hierarchical ordinal regression analysis of combined samples of university st …
We hypothesize not all dimensions of social capital protect individuals from suicidal ideation, and the beneficial return from some t …
Unequal Protective Effects of Parental Educational Attainment on the Body Mass Index of Black and White Youth.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Mincy R, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Sep 27;16(19):3641. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16193641. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019. PMID: 31569829 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Parental educational attainment is shown to be protective against health problems; the Minorities' Diminished Returns theory, however, posits that these protective effects tend to be smaller for socially marginalized groups particularly blacks than white …
BACKGROUND: Parental educational attainment is shown to be protective against health problems; the Minorities' Diminished Returns
Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods in Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Single Center Study With a Minimum of 2-Year-Follow up and Preliminary Results After Converting Surgery.
Lampe LP, Schulze Bövingloh A, Gosheger G, Schulte TL, Lange T. Lampe LP, et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Sep 1;44(17):1201-1210. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003048. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019. PMID: 30985569
Correction of major curve is possible during IS und CS. The law of diminishing returns applies during the period of lengthening. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4....
Correction of major curve is possible during IS und CS. The law of diminishing returns applies during the period of lengthenin …
Parental Educational Attainment and Chronic Medical Conditions among American Youth; Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Bazargan M, Caldwell C. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2019 Aug 26;6(9):96. doi: 10.3390/children6090096. Children (Basel). 2019. PMID: 31454956 Free PMC article.
While White youth who are from highly educated families are most healthy, Black and Hispanic youth from highly educated families remain at higher risk for CMCs. ...Economic, social, public, and health policy makers should be aware that health disparities are not all …
While White youth who are from highly educated families are most healthy, Black and Hispanic youth from highly educated famili …
Technical and scale efficiency of provincial health systems in China: a bootstrapping data envelopment analysis.
Chai P, Zhang Y, Zhou M, Liu S, Kinfu Y. Chai P, et al. BMJ Open. 2019 Aug 5;9(8):e027539. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027539. BMJ Open. 2019. PMID: 31383699 Free PMC article.
The objective of this study is to examine the efficiency of China's health system and to understand the underlying causes of the variation in efficiency across provinces. ...CONCLUSIONS: Given the pervasive nature of diminishing returns across provinces, heal …
The objective of this study is to examine the efficiency of China's health system and to understand the underlying causes of the vari …
Socioeconomic Status, Preeclampsia Risk and Gestational Length in Black and White Women.
Ross KM, Dunkel Schetter C, McLemore MR, Chambers BD, Paynter RA, Baer R, Feuer SK, Flowers E, Karasek D, Pantell M, Prather AA, Ryckman K, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. Ross KM, et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019 Dec;6(6):1182-1191. doi: 10.1007/s40615-019-00619-3. Epub 2019 Jul 31. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019. PMID: 31368002
BACKGROUND: Higher socioeconomic status (SES) has less impact on cardio-metabolic disease and preterm birth risk among Black women compared to White women, an effect called "diminishing returns." No studies have tested whether this also occurs for pregnancy cardio-m …
BACKGROUND: Higher socioeconomic status (SES) has less impact on cardio-metabolic disease and preterm birth risk among Black women compared …
Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest After Traffic Accidents and Termination of Resuscitation.
Shibahashi K, Sugiyama K, Hamabe Y. Shibahashi K, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Jan;75(1):57-65. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.05.036. Epub 2019 Jul 18. Ann Emerg Med. 2020. PMID: 31327568
All patients with favorable neurologic outcomes had out-of-hospital return of spontaneous circulation, and the duration of CPR was significantly shorter than for those with unfavorable neurologic outcomes (4 versus 23 minutes; absolute difference -21.9 minutes; 95% confide …
All patients with favorable neurologic outcomes had out-of-hospital return of spontaneous circulation, and the duration of CPR was si …
Hamstring Muscle Activity After Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction-A Protective Mechanism in Those Who Do Not Sustain a Secondary Injury? A Preliminary Study.
Palmieri-Smith RM, Strickland M, Lepley LK. Palmieri-Smith RM, et al. Sports Health. 2019 Jul/Aug;11(4):316-323. doi: 10.1177/1941738119852630. Epub 2019 Jun 13. Sports Health. 2019. PMID: 31194624 Free PMC article.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Fourteen individuals that were returned to play post-ACLR and 7 non-ACL-injured individuals participated. ...CONCLUSION: Quadriceps muscle activity during landing was diminished in all ACL participants as compared with participan …
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Fourteen individuals that were returned to play post-ACLR and 7 non-ACL-injured individuals part …
Effects of surgical targeting in laser interstitial thermal therapy for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: A multicenter study of 234 patients.
Wu C, Jermakowicz WJ, Chakravorti S, Cajigas I, Sharan AD, Jagid JR, Matias CM, Sperling MR, Buckley R, Ko A, Ojemann JG, Miller JW, Youngerman B, Sheth SA, McKhann GM, Laxton AW, Couture DE, Popli GS, Smith A, Mehta AD, Ho AL, Halpern CH, Englot DJ, Neimat JS, Konrad PE, Neal E, Vale FL, Holloway KL, Air EL, Schwalb J, Dawant BM, D'Haese PF. Wu C, et al. Epilepsia. 2019 Jun;60(6):1171-1183. doi: 10.1111/epi.15565. Epub 2019 May 21. Epilepsia. 2019. PMID: 31112302 Free PMC article.
Based on our model, ablations must prioritize the amygdala and also include the hippocampal head, parahippocampal gyrus, and rhinal cortices to maximize chances of seizure freedom. Extending the ablation posteriorly has diminishing returns. Further work is necessary …
Based on our model, ablations must prioritize the amygdala and also include the hippocampal head, parahippocampal gyrus, and rhinal cortices …
Treatment of early onset spinal deformities with magnetically controlled growing rods: a single centre experience of 30 cases.
Studer D, Heidt C, Büchler P, Hasler CC. Studer D, et al. J Child Orthop. 2019 Apr 1;13(2):196-205. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.13.180203. J Child Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30996745 Free PMC article.
RESULTS: There were 12 documented complications in 11/30 (37%) patients leading to 13 unplanned returns to the operating room. In all, 18/30 patients had a minimum follow-up of two years. ...Gain in implant length decreased with increasing number of extensions. CONCLUSION: …
RESULTS: There were 12 documented complications in 11/30 (37%) patients leading to 13 unplanned returns to the operating room. In all …
Decreasing Resource Utilization Using Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans (SCAMPs).
Luther G, Miller PE, Mahan ST, Waters PM, Bae DS. Luther G, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr;39(4):169-174. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000873. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30839474
BACKGROUND: Standardized clinical assessment and management plans (SCAMPs) are a novel quality improvement initiative shown to improve patient care, diminish practice variation, and reduce resource utilization. Unlike clinical practice guidelines, a SCAMP is a flexible alg …
BACKGROUND: Standardized clinical assessment and management plans (SCAMPs) are a novel quality improvement initiative shown to improve patie …
Use of Magnetic Spinal Growth Rods (MCGR) With and Without Preoperative Halo-gravity Traction (HGT) for the Treatment of Severe Early-onset Scoliosis (EOS).
Welborn MC, Krajbich JI, D'Amato C. Welborn MC, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr;39(4):e293-e297. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001282. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30475319
Magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) hardware complications are common with a 27.8% to 46.7% revision rate in under 2 years. Loss of correction and diminishing returns are the norm. Treatment of severe scoliosis with halo-gravity traction (HGT) before MCGR has …
Magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) hardware complications are common with a 27.8% to 46.7% revision rate in under 2 years. Loss of c …
Family Socioeconomic Position at Birth and School Bonding at Age 15; Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Behav Sci (Basel). 2019 Mar 11;9(3):26. doi: 10.3390/bs9030026. Behav Sci (Basel). 2019. PMID: 30861987 Free PMC article.
Life course epidemiological studies have documented the effects of family socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth on youth developmental processes and outcomes decades later. According to the minorities' diminished returns (MDR) theory, however, family SEP at b …
Life course epidemiological studies have documented the effects of family socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth on youth developmenta …
Parental Educational Attainment Differentially Boosts School Performance of American Adolescents: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. J Family Reprod Health. 2019 Mar;13(1):7-13. J Family Reprod Health. 2019. PMID: 31850092 Free PMC article.
We still know very little about diminished trans-generational returns of SES resources such as parental educational attainment. ...As the underlying mechanisms are multifaceted, multi-level approach is needed to undo minorities' diminished returns, so …
We still know very little about diminished trans-generational returns of SES resources such as parental educational attainment …
Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers.
Kraft TS, Venkataraman VV, Tacey I, Dominy NJ, Endicott KM. Kraft TS, et al. Hum Nat. 2019 Mar;30(1):71-97. doi: 10.1007/s12110-018-9334-2. Hum Nat. 2019. PMID: 30552578
The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but social egalitarianism may diminish this pathway. Here we introduce a mixed longitudinal/cross-sectional dataset based on 45 years of re …
The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but so …
The dynamical signature of anhedonia in major depressive disorder: positive emotion dynamics, reactivity, and recovery.
Heininga VE, Dejonckheere E, Houben M, Obbels J, Sienaert P, Leroy B, van Roy J, Kuppens P. Heininga VE, et al. BMC Psychiatry. 2019 Feb 8;19(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12888-018-1983-5. BMC Psychiatry. 2019. PMID: 30736751 Free PMC article.
The cardinal features of MDD are depressed mood and anhedonia. Anhedonia is defined as a "markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities of the day", and has generally been investigated on group-level using retrospective data (e.g. via questionn …
The cardinal features of MDD are depressed mood and anhedonia. Anhedonia is defined as a "markedly diminished interest or pleasure in …
Functional Outcomes Following Operative Treatment of Tibial Tubercle Fractures.
Riccio AI, Tulchin-Francis K, Hogue GD, Wimberly RL, Gill CS, Collins D, Karol LA. Riccio AI, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Feb;39(2):e108-e113. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001087. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 29016428
BACKGROUND: Quantitative evaluation of the functional results of surgically managed tibial tubercle fractures in adolescents is unreported in the orthopaedic literature. METHODS: All patients treated surgically for unilateral tibial tubercle fractures at a single instituti …
BACKGROUND: Quantitative evaluation of the functional results of surgically managed tibial tubercle fractures in adolescents is unrep …
Family Income at Birth and Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder at Age 15: Racial Differences.
Assari S, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2019 Jan 14;6(1):10. doi: 10.3390/children6010010. Children (Basel). 2019. PMID: 30646634 Free PMC article.
Methods: The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS, 1998-2016) is a longitudinal prospective study of urban youth from birth to age 15. ...As racism is multi-level, multi-level interventions are needed to tackle diminished returns of SES... …
Methods: The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS, 1998-2016) is a longitudinal prospective study of urban youth
Understanding the Workplace Interactions of Young Adult Cancer Survivors With Occupational and Environmental Health Professionals.
Stone DS, Pavlish CL, Ganz PA, Thomas EA, Casillas JN, Robbins WA. Stone DS, et al. Workplace Health Saf. 2019 Apr;67(4):179-188. doi: 10.1177/2165079918812482. Epub 2019 Jan 4. Workplace Health Saf. 2019. PMID: 30608021
However, progressive health changes because of cancer may compromise safety and diminish functional ability. The purpose of this study was to describe long-term young adult cancer survivors' work experiences and describe their interactions with occupational and environment …
However, progressive health changes because of cancer may compromise safety and diminish functional ability. The purpose of this stud …
Safe and sound? Exploring parents' perceptions of neighborhood safety at the nexus of race and socioeconomic status.
Henry DA, Miller P, Votruba-Drzal E, Parr AK. Henry DA, et al. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2019;57:281-313. doi: 10.1016/bs.acdb.2019.05.001. Epub 2019 Jun 20. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2019. PMID: 31296319
In particular, Black-White differences in proximity to spatial (dis)advantage may have serious implications for young children's health and well-being. Yet, little research has directly explored how race and family economic status shape children's fami …
In particular, Black-White differences in proximity to spatial (dis)advantage may have serious implications for young children's
Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation.
Kavle JA, Pacqué M, Dalglish S, Mbombeshayi E, Anzolo J, Mirindi J, Tosha M, Safari O, Gibson L, Straubinger S, Bachunguye R. Kavle JA, et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2019 Jan;15 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e12725. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12725. Matern Child Nutr. 2019. PMID: 30748116 Free PMC article.
Study findings reveal most mothers reported diminished quantity and quality of breastmilk linked to child/maternal illness, inadequate maternal diet, and feedings spaced too far apart. ...Moreover, children's diets are largely limited in frequency and …
Study findings reveal most mothers reported diminished quantity and quality of breastmilk linked to child/maternal illness, in …
Severity Adjusted Risk of Long-term Adverse Sequelae Among Children With Osteomyelitis.
Vorhies JS, Lindsay EA, Tareen NG, Kellum RJ, Jo CH, Copley LA. Vorhies JS, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Jan;38(1):26-31. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002044. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019. PMID: 29742649
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the risk for long-term, adverse outcomes among children with osteomyelitis. METHODS: Children with osteomyelitis were prospectively enrolled from 2012 to 2014. ...A comparison cohort analysis was performe …
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the risk for long-term, adverse outcomes among children with osteomyeli …
Inhibition, shifting and updating in relation to psychometric intelligence across ability groups in the psychiatric population.
Biesmans KE, van Aken L, Frunt EMJ, Wingbermühle PAM, Egger JIM. Biesmans KE, et al. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2019 Feb;63(2):149-160. doi: 10.1111/jir.12559. Epub 2018 Nov 7. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2019. PMID: 30403315 Free PMC article.
It is hypothesised that the strength of the relation between intelligence and the three EFs decreases when the level of intelligence increases, in accordance with Spearman's Law of Diminishing Returns. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, between and within subject …
It is hypothesised that the strength of the relation between intelligence and the three EFs decreases when the level of intelligence increas …
Age at last screening and remaining lifetime risk of cervical cancer in older, unvaccinated, HPV-negative women: a modelling study.
Malagón T, Kulasingam S, Mayrand MH, Ogilvie G, Smith L, Bouchard C, Gotlieb W, Franco EL. Malagón T, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2018 Dec;19(12):1569-1578. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30536-9. Epub 2018 Nov 1. Lancet Oncol. 2018. PMID: 30392810
INTERPRETATION: Cervical cancer risk reductions might be achieved by screening with cytology up to age 75 years, although with diminishing returns. A negative exit oncogenic HPV test or negative HPV test plus cytology correlates with a low remaining lifetime cervica …
INTERPRETATION: Cervical cancer risk reductions might be achieved by screening with cytology up to age 75 years, although with diminishin
Maximal Force Generated by Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods Decreases With Rod Lengthening.
Poon S, Spencer HT, Fayssoux RS, Sever R, Cho RH. Poon S, et al. Spine Deform. 2018 Nov-Dec;6(6):787-790. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2018.03.009. Spine Deform. 2018. PMID: 30348359
One potential negative consequences of growing rod treatments is the law of diminishing returns, where the spine length gained decrease with each subsequent lengthening. ...CONCLUSION: There is a small but statistically significant decrease in the maximal force gene …
One potential negative consequences of growing rod treatments is the law of diminishing returns, where the spine length gained …
Choosing the anesthetic and sedative drugs for supraventricular tachycardia ablations: A focused review.
Vladinov G, Fermin L, Longini R, Ramos Y, Maratea E Jr. Vladinov G, et al. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2018 Nov;41(11):1555-1563. doi: 10.1111/pace.13511. Epub 2018 Oct 17. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2018. PMID: 30251322 Review.
Similar findings were reported by investigators with propofol, except for ectopic atrial tachycardia in children, which remained un-inducible in one of the studies. Remifentanil and dexmedetomidine lengthened both sinus cycle and AV conduction. Dexmedetomidine increased th …
Similar findings were reported by investigators with propofol, except for ectopic atrial tachycardia in children, which remained un-i …
Robust interferon signature and suppressed tissue repair gene expression in synovial tissue from patients with postinfectious, Borrelia burgdorferi-induced Lyme arthritis.
Lochhead RB, Arvikar SL, Aversa JM, Sadreyev RI, Strle K, Steere AC. Lochhead RB, et al. Cell Microbiol. 2019 Feb;21(2):e12954. doi: 10.1111/cmi.12954. Epub 2018 Oct 17. Cell Microbiol. 2019. PMID: 30218476 Free PMC article.
Synovium from postinfectious LA and other inflammatory arthritides shared gene signatures associated with antigen presentation, innate immune responses, and cell-mediated immune activation, whereas these responses were diminished in OA synovium. Unique to postinfectious LA …
Synovium from postinfectious LA and other inflammatory arthritides shared gene signatures associated with antigen presentation, innate immun …
The Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cardiovascular System in the Diagnostic Work-Up of Patients With Turner Syndrome.
Obara-Moszynska M, Rajewska-Tabor J, Rozmiarek S, Karmelita-Katulska K, Kociemba A, Rabska-Pietrzak B, Janus M, Siniawski A, Mrozinski B, Graczyk-Szuster A, Niedziela M, Pyda M. Obara-Moszynska M, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018 Oct 16;9:609. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00609. eCollection 2018. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018. PMID: 30459711 Free PMC article.
The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR) as diagnostics in children and adolescents with TS. Forty-one females with TS, aged 13.9 2.2 years, were studied. ...The lef …
The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR …
The Baby Moves smartphone app for General Movements Assessment: Engagement amongst extremely preterm and term-born infants in a state-wide geographical study.
Kwong AK, Eeles AL, Olsen JE, Cheong JL, Doyle LW, Spittle AJ. Kwong AK, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;55(5):548-554. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14240. Epub 2018 Oct 4. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019. PMID: 30288823
RESULTS: The parents of 451 infants (226 EP/ELBW; 225 control) were recruited; 416 (204 EP/ELBW; 212 control) downloaded Baby Moves, and 346 (158 EP/ELBW; 188 control) returned at least one scorable video for remote GMA. Fewer EP/ELBW families submitted a scorable video th …
RESULTS: The parents of 451 infants (226 EP/ELBW; 225 control) were recruited; 416 (204 EP/ELBW; 212 control) downloaded Baby Moves, and 346 …
Emotions experienced during the shedding of the first primary tooth.
Patcas R, Daum MM, van Waes HJM, Beltrani S, Pfister LT, Landolt MA. Patcas R, et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019 Jan;29(1):22-28. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12427. Epub 2018 Sep 15. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019. PMID: 30218480
DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire was directed to parents of children who had recently shed at least one primary tooth. Primary outcome variables were the child's emotions at the time of exfoliation. ...Dental visits and parental factors influence these …
DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire was directed to parents of children who had recently shed at least one primary tooth. Primary …
Is in-toing gait physiological in children? - Results of a large cohort study in 5910 healthy (pre-) school children.
Verch R, Hirschmüller A, Müller J, Baur H, Mayer F, Müller S. Verch R, et al. Gait Posture. 2018 Oct;66:70-75. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.08.019. Epub 2018 Aug 20. Gait Posture. 2018. PMID: 30170136
Although it has been shown that the FPA changes over the course of a child's development, reference values for the normal FPA-range are lacking. ...SIGNIFICANCE: Percentile values indicate a wide FPA range in children. FPA development in young children
Although it has been shown that the FPA changes over the course of a child's development, reference values for the normal FPA- …
Performance of the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Protocol Validity Indices.
Manderino LM, Gunstad J. Manderino LM, et al. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2018 Aug 1;33(5):596-605. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acx102. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2018. PMID: 29088321
However, if baseline scores are not accurately representative of abilities, the utility of post-injury score comparison is diminished. For this reason, ImPACT includes low score thresholds on five validity indices to identify insufficient effort at baseline, though evidenc …
However, if baseline scores are not accurately representative of abilities, the utility of post-injury score comparison is diminished
Impacts of variants of uncertain significance on parental perceptions of children after prenatal chromosome microarray testing.
Desai P, Haber H, Bulafka J, Russell A, Clifton R, Zachary J, Lee S, Feng T, Wapner R, Monk C, Chung WK. Desai P, et al. Prenat Diagn. 2018 Sep;38(10):740-747. doi: 10.1002/pd.5323. Epub 2018 Jul 24. Prenat Diagn. 2018. PMID: 29956345 Free PMC article.
METHODS: Parents (n = 138) of 83 children who underwent prenatal chromosomal microarray testing completed questionnaires assessing perception of children's development, parent-child attachment, parental mood, parenting competence, martial satisfaction, …
METHODS: Parents (n = 138) of 83 children who underwent prenatal chromosomal microarray testing completed questionnaires assessing pe …
Poverty Status and Childhood Asthma in White and Black Families: National Survey of Children's Health.
Assari S, Moghani Lankarani M. Assari S, et al. Healthcare (Basel). 2018 Jun 12;6(2):62. doi: 10.3390/healthcare6020062. Healthcare (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29895767 Free PMC article.
Background: Living above the poverty line reduces the risk of physical illnesses, including childhood asthma (CA). Minorities’ Diminished Return theory, however, suggests that the protective effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on health are weaker for ra …
Background: Living above the poverty line reduces the risk of physical illnesses, including childhood asthma (CA). Minorities’ …
Benefits of an increased prosthetic ankle range of motion for individuals with a trans-tibial amputation walking with a new prosthetic foot.
Heitzmann DWW, Salami F, De Asha AR, Block J, Putz C, Wolf SI, Alimusaj M. Heitzmann DWW, et al. Gait Posture. 2018 Jul;64:174-180. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.06.022. Epub 2018 Jun 11. Gait Posture. 2018. PMID: 29913354
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trans-tibial amputation show a greater peak prosthetic ankle power (push- off) when using energy storing and returning (ESAR) prosthetic feet as compared to solid-ankle cushion-heel feet. ...To improve ankle motion, articulating prosthetic feet …
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trans-tibial amputation show a greater peak prosthetic ankle power (push- off) when using energy storing and …
Family Income Reduces Risk of Obesity for White but Not Black Children.
Assari S. Assari S. Children (Basel). 2018 Jun 10;5(6):73. doi: 10.3390/children5060073. Children (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29890778 Free PMC article.
Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), 2003-2004, a nationally representative survey in the United States. ...Policies should go beyond access to SES and address structural barriers in the lives …
Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), 2003-2004, a nat …
Household Income and Children's Unmet Dental Care Need; Blacks' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Hani N. Assari S, et al. Dent J (Basel). 2018 Jun 4;6(2):17. doi: 10.3390/dj6020017. Dent J (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29867015 Free PMC article.
To test whether Minorities' Diminished Return theory holds for unmet dental care needs (DCN), we investigated Black-White differences in the effects of family income on unmet DCN among children. Methods: Data from the National Survey of Children's
To test whether Minorities' Diminished Return theory holds for unmet dental care needs (DCN), we investigated Black-White diff …
Costs and cost-effectiveness of malaria reactive case detection using loop-mediated isothermal amplification compared to microscopy in the low transmission setting of Aceh Province, Indonesia.
Zelman BW, Baral R, Zarlinda I, Coutrier FN, Sanders KC, Cotter C, Herdiana H, Greenhouse B, Shretta R, Gosling RD, Hsiang MS. Zelman BW, et al. Malar J. 2018 Jun 1;17(1):220. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2361-y. Malar J. 2018. PMID: 29859081 Free PMC article.
Compared to microscopy, the use of LAMP in RACD was more costly but more cost-effective for the detection of infections, with diminishing returns observed when findings were extrapolated to scenarios with higher prevalence of infection using more sensitive diagnosti …
Compared to microscopy, the use of LAMP in RACD was more costly but more cost-effective for the detection of infections, with diminishing
Family Structure and Subsequent Anxiety Symptoms; Minorities' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Brain Sci. 2018 May 31;8(6):97. doi: 10.3390/brainsci8060097. Brain Sci. 2018. PMID: 29857488 Free PMC article.
Methods: Flint Adolescents Study (FAS), 1994-2012, followed 359 youth (ages 13 to 17, 295 African American and 64 Whites) for 18 years. ...Diminished return of SEP is one of many underlying mechanisms involved in shaping racial and ethnic disparities i …
Methods: Flint Adolescents Study (FAS), 1994-2012, followed 359 youth (ages 13 to 17, 295 African American and 64 Whites) for …
Diminished Economic Return of Socioeconomic Status for Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Soc Sci (Basel). 2018 May;7(5):74. doi: 10.3390/socsci7050074. Epub 2018 May 2. Soc Sci (Basel). 2018. PMID: 32832108 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: According to the Minorities' Diminished Return theory, socioeconomic status (SES) systemically generates larger gains for Whites compared to Blacks. ...These differential gains were independent of family structure, mother age, and child gender. CO …
BACKGROUND: According to the Minorities' Diminished Return theory, socioeconomic status (SES) systemically generates larger ga …
Family Socioeconomic Status at Birth and Youth Impulsivity at Age 15; Blacks' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2018 May 1;5(5):58. doi: 10.3390/children5050058. Children (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29724004 Free PMC article.
To test the relevance of Minorities’ Diminished Return theory for youth impulsivity, we investigated Black-White differences in the effects of family SES at birth on subsequent youth impulsivity at age 15. ...Blacks’ diminished
To test the relevance of Minorities’ Diminished Return theory for youth impulsivity, we investigated Black-Wh …
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis: past and present.
Giller DB, Giller BD, Giller GV, Shcherbakova GV, Bizhanov AB, Enilenis II, Glotov AA. Giller DB, et al. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 May 1;53(5):967-972. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezx447. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018. PMID: 29244096
OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventional has been key in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) for a long time. Its importance diminished after the emergence of chemotherapy. However, the spread of rapid multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB has led us …
OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventional has been key in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) for a long time. Its importance diminished aft …
Using Bradford's law of scattering to identify the core journals of pediatric surgery.
Desai N, Veras L, Gosain A. Desai N, et al. J Surg Res. 2018 Sep;229:90-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2018.03.062. Epub 2018 Apr 17. J Surg Res. 2018. PMID: 29937022
BACKGROUND: Bradford's law of scattering defines an exponentially diminishing return when extending a search for references in journals and can be used to identify the "core" journals in a field. ...We analyzed 58,310 references (top 20 journals) cited by ped …
BACKGROUND: Bradford's law of scattering defines an exponentially diminishing return when extending a search for refere …
Rod Lengthening With the Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod: Factors Influencing Rod Slippage and Reduced Gains During Distractions.
Cheung JPY, Yiu KKL, Samartzis D, Kwan K, Tan BB, Cheung KMC. Cheung JPY, et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Apr 1;43(7):E399-E405. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002358. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018. PMID: 28767632
Differences between expected and achieved distraction lengths were assessed with reference to rod slippage episodes and rod exchanges to determine any patterns of diminishing returns. RESULTS: Patients had mean age of 7.1 years at diagnosis with mean follow-up of 49 …
Differences between expected and achieved distraction lengths were assessed with reference to rod slippage episodes and rod exchanges to det …
The Effects of a Couples-Based Health Behavior Intervention During Pregnancy on Latino Couples' Dyadic Satisfaction Postpartum.
Coop Gordon K, Roberson PNE, Hughes JA, Khaddouma AM, Swamy GK, Noonan D, Gonzalez AM, Fish L, Pollak KI. Coop Gordon K, et al. Fam Process. 2018 Sep;57(3):629-648. doi: 10.1111/famp.12354. Epub 2018 Mar 30. Fam Process. 2018. PMID: 29603202 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about the postpartum period for Latino couples, a rapidly growing ethnic group who are notably underserved by mental and physical health caregivers …
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about t …
Canada's global health role: supporting equity and global citizenship as a middle power.
Nixon SA, Lee K, Bhutta ZA, Blanchard J, Haddad S, Hoffman SJ, Tugwell P. Nixon SA, et al. Lancet. 2018 Apr 28;391(10131):1736-1748. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30322-2. Epub 2018 Feb 23. Lancet. 2018. PMID: 29483026 Free PMC article. Review.
Canada's history of nation building, combined with its status as a so-called middle power in international affairs, has been translated into an approach to global health that is focused on equity and global citizenship. ...Conversely, when Canada has primarily used economi …
Canada's history of nation building, combined with its status as a so-called middle power in international affairs, has been translat …
Vascular characteristics in young women-Effect of extensive endurance training or a sedentary lifestyle.
Bjarnegård N, Länne T, Cinthio M, Ekstrand J, Hedman K, Nylander E, Henriksson J. Bjarnegård N, et al. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2018 Jun;223(2):e13041. doi: 10.1111/apha.13041. Epub 2018 Feb 19. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2018. PMID: 29359513 Free article.

Synthesized aortic augmentation index (AI@75) was lower among ATH than among CTR (-12.8 1.6 vs -2.6 1.2%, P < .001) and in WBA than in RUN (-16.4 2.5 vs -10.7 2.0%, P < .05), suggesting a diminished return of reflection waves to the aorta during systole. Carot

Synthesized aortic augmentation index (AI@75) was lower among ATH than among CTR (-12.8 1.6 vs -2.6 1.2%, P < .001) and in WBA than in RU

Autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Jama NA, Wilford A, Haskins L, Coutsoudis A, Spies L, Horwood C. Jama NA, et al. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Feb 17;18(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1675-7. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018. PMID: 29454323 Free PMC article.
Most feeding advice shared by family members was inappropriate, leading to poor infant feeding practices among teenage mothers. Returning to school and fear of breastfeeding in public were also barriers to exclusive breastfeeding. ...Health workers have an important role t …
Most feeding advice shared by family members was inappropriate, leading to poor infant feeding practices among teenage mothers. Returning
Blacks' Diminished Health Return of Family Structure and Socioeconomic Status; 15 Years of Follow-up of a National Urban Sample of Youth.
Assari S, Thomas A, Caldwell CH, Mincy RB. Assari S, et al. J Urban Health. 2018 Feb;95(1):21-35. doi: 10.1007/s11524-017-0217-3. J Urban Health. 2018. PMID: 29230628 Free PMC article.
The protective effect of family structure and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical and mental health is well established. There are reports, however, documenting a smaller return of SES among Blacks compared to Whites, also known as Blacks' diminished return
The protective effect of family structure and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical and mental health is well established. There are report …
Unequal Gain of Equal Resources across Racial Groups.
Assari S. Assari S. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2018 Jan 1;7(1):1-9. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2017.90. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2018. PMID: 29325397 Free PMC article.
This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systematically smaller health gain from economic resources and psychological assets for Blacks in comparison to Whites. ...As income was not found t …
This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systemat …
Factors promoting and inhibiting sustained impact of a mental health task-shifting program for HIV providers in Ethiopia.
Jerene D, Biru M, Teklu A, Rehman T, Ruff A, Wissow L. Jerene D, et al. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2017 Dec 4;4:e24. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2017.21. eCollection 2017. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2017. PMID: 29230320 Free PMC article.
They were more likely to request that patients with mental health problems return to see them v. making a referral. Factors promoting sustainability (reported in semi-structured interviews): provider belief that the treatments they had learned were effective. New interacti …
They were more likely to request that patients with mental health problems return to see them v. making a referral. Factors promoting …
Does the law of diminishing returns apply to the lengthening of the MCGR rod in early onset scoliosis with reference to growth velocity?
Gardner A, Beaven A, Marks D, Spilsbury J, Mehta J, Newton Ede M. Gardner A, et al. J Spine Surg. 2017 Dec;3(4):525-530. doi: 10.21037/jss.2017.08.16. J Spine Surg. 2017. PMID: 29354727 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: This study is a single centre retrospective review of prospectively collected data. The 'law of diminishing returns' describes the number of lengthening episodes that a traditional growth rod (TGR) can undergo before stiffness across the construct preven …
BACKGROUND: This study is a single centre retrospective review of prospectively collected data. The 'law of diminishing returns
Quantifying the 'law of diminishing returns' in magnetically controlled growing rods.
Ahmad A, Subramanian T, Panteliadis P, Wilson-Macdonald J, Rothenfluh DA, Nnadi C. Ahmad A, et al. Bone Joint J. 2017 Dec;99-B(12):1658-1664. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.99B12.BJJ-2017-0402.R2. Bone Joint J. 2017. PMID: 29212690
Conventional growing rod systems (CGRS) need repeated surgical distractions: these are associated with the effect of the 'law of diminishing returns'. The primary aim of this study was to quantify this effect in MCGRs over sequential distractions. ...At the 24-month …
Conventional growing rod systems (CGRS) need repeated surgical distractions: these are associated with the effect of the 'law of diminish
Oral and Blood Neutrophil Activation States during Experimental Gingivitis.
Wellappuli NC, Fine N, Lawrence HP, Goldberg M, Tenenbaum HC, Glogauer M. Wellappuli NC, et al. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2018 Jan;3(1):65-75. doi: 10.1177/2380084417742120. Epub 2017 Nov 20. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2018. PMID: 30938653 Clinical Trial.
All clinical parameters increased significantly during the induction period and returned to baseline levels during the resolution phase. During the induction phase, while oral PMN counts increased, oral PMN activation state based on surface expression of CD63, CD11b, CD16, …
All clinical parameters increased significantly during the induction period and returned to baseline levels during the resolution pha …
Perspectives from the Society for Pediatric Research: Decreased Effectiveness of the Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine.
Gill MA, Schlaudecker EP. Gill MA, et al. Pediatr Res. 2018 Jan;83(1-1):31-40. doi: 10.1038/pr.2017.239. Epub 2017 Nov 8. Pediatr Res. 2018. PMID: 28945700 Review.
The intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), FluMist, has been widely appreciated by pediatricians, parents, and children alike for its ease of administration. However, concerns regarding lack of effectiveness in recent influenza seasons led to the CDC Advisory …
The intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), FluMist, has been widely appreciated by pediatricians, parents, and children
Paper #25: Quantifying the 'Law of Diminishing Returns' in Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods.
Ahmad A, Subramanian T, Panteliadis P, Wilson-Macdonald J, Rothenfluh D, Nnadi C. Ahmad A, et al. Spine Deform. 2017 Nov;5(6):452. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2017.09.028. Spine Deform. 2017. PMID: 31997185
The 'law of diminishing returns' can also be observed following serial distraction in MCGR. In comparison to previously published data for CGRS, there is a gradual linear decline as opposed to a rapid initial decline in lengthening. In the older, heavier child
The 'law of diminishing returns' can also be observed following serial distraction in MCGR. In comparison to previously publis …
Antecedent Hypoglycemia Does Not Attenuate the Acceleration of Gastric Emptying by Hypoglycemia.
Kar P, Jones KL, Plummer MP, Ali Abdelhamid Y, Giersch EJ, Summers MJ, Hatzinikolas S, Heller S, Horowitz M, Deane AM. Kar P, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Nov 1;102(11):3953-3960. doi: 10.1210/jc.2017-00051. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017. PMID: 28973430 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Participants were monitored overnight, and the following morning blood glucose was clamped at 2.8 mmol/L for 60 minutes and then at 6 mmol/L for 120 minutes. At least 6 weeks later participants returned for the alternative intervention. Gastric emptying and cardiac fractio …
Participants were monitored overnight, and the following morning blood glucose was clamped at 2.8 mmol/L for 60 minutes and then at 6 mmol/L …
Brief Report: Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Use Does Not Diminish the Effectiveness of Hormonal Contraception.
Balkus JE, Palanee-Phillips T, Reddy K, Siva S, Harkoo I, Nakabiito C, Kintu K, Nair G, Chappell C, Kiweewa FM, Kabwigu S, Naidoo L, Jeenarain N, Marzinke M, Soto-Torres L, Brown ER, Baeten JM. Balkus JE, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Oct 1;76(2):e47-e51. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001455. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017. PMID: 28542081 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Pregnancy incidence by arm was calculated separately for each hormonal contraceptive method and compared using an Andersen-Gill proportional hazards model stratified by site and censored at HIV-1 infection. RESULTS: Of 2629 women enrolled, 2310 women returned for follow-up …
Pregnancy incidence by arm was calculated separately for each hormonal contraceptive method and compared using an Andersen-Gill proportional …
Human hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction is unaltered by 8 h of preceding isocapnic hyperoxia.
Cheng HY, Croft QPP, Frise MC, Talbot NP, Petousi N, Robbins PA, Dorrington KL. Cheng HY, et al. Physiol Rep. 2017 Sep;5(17):e13396. doi: 10.14814/phy2.13396. Physiol Rep. 2017. PMID: 28899910 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Exposure to sustained hypoxia of 8 h duration increases the sensitivity of the pulmonary vasculature to acute hypoxia, but it is not known whether exposure to sustained hyperoxia affects human pulmonary vascular control. We hypothesized that exposure to 8 h of hyperoxia would …
Exposure to sustained hypoxia of 8 h duration increases the sensitivity of the pulmonary vasculature to acute hypoxia, but it is not known w …
Public health intervention over four decades for the children in the Australian Capital Territory: Have we reached the point of diminishing returns?
Sohal I, Kruger E, Tennant M. Sohal I, et al. Community Dent Health. 2017 Jun;34(2):84-87. doi: 10.1922/CDH_3997Sohal04. Community Dent Health. 2017. PMID: 28573837
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four decades owing to advances in service access, fluoride exposure, socio-economic development and improved diets, with the DMFT score of 12 year- …
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four de …
Racial disparities in health among nonpoor African Americans and Hispanics: The role of acute and chronic discrimination.
Colen CG, Ramey DM, Cooksey EC, Williams DR. Colen CG, et al. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Feb;199:167-180. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.04.051. Epub 2017 May 6. Soc Sci Med. 2018. PMID: 28571900 Free PMC article.
Despite having access to above average social and economic resources, nonpoor African Americans and Latinos report significantly worse health compared to nonpoor Whites. We combine data from the parents and children of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
Despite having access to above average social and economic resources, nonpoor African Americans and Latinos report significantly worse healt …
Rapid diagnostic tests duo as alternative to conventional serological assays for conclusive Chagas disease diagnosis.
Egüez KE, Alonso-Padilla J, Terán C, Chipana Z, García W, Torrico F, Gascon J, Lozano-Beltran DF, Pinazo MJ. Egüez KE, et al. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Apr 3;11(4):e0005501. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005501. eCollection 2017 Apr. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017. PMID: 28369081 Free PMC article.
As a result, many infected people often remain undiagnosed until it is too late, as the two available chemotherapies show diminished efficacy in the advanced chronic stage. Easy-to-use rapid diagnostic tests have been developed to be implemented in remote areas as an alter …
As a result, many infected people often remain undiagnosed until it is too late, as the two available chemotherapies show diminished
Geospatial Planning and the Resulting Economic Impact of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Introduction in Mozambique.
Haidari LA, Brown ST, Constenla D, Zenkov E, Ferguson M, de Broucker G, Ozawa S, Clark S, Portnoy A, Lee BY. Haidari LA, et al. Sex Transm Dis. 2017 Apr;44(4):222-226. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000574. Sex Transm Dis. 2017. PMID: 28282648 Free PMC article.
At higher catchment area radii, additional increases in catchment area radius raise population coverage with diminishing returns. CONCLUSIONS: Much of the population in Mozambique is unable to reach any existing immunization location, thereby reducing the potential …
At higher catchment area radii, additional increases in catchment area radius raise population coverage with diminishing returns
Oxytocin treatment in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study.
Miller JL, Tamura R, Butler MG, Kimonis V, Sulsona C, Gold JA, Driscoll DJ. Miller JL, et al. Am J Med Genet A. 2017 May;173(5):1243-1250. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38160. Epub 2017 Mar 30. Am J Med Genet A. 2017. PMID: 28371242 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 24 children with PWS at three academic institutions using 5 days of intranasal oxytocin (IN-OT) or 5 days of intranasal placebo spray, followed by a 4 week washout period, and then patients returned
We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 24 children with PWS at three academic institutions using 5 days …
Measures of and changes in heart rate variability in pediatric heart transplant recipients.
Williams T, Tang X, Gilmore G, Gossett J, Knecht KR. Williams T, et al. Pediatr Transplant. 2017 Jun;21(4). doi: 10.1111/petr.12894. Epub 2017 Feb 8. Pediatr Transplant. 2017. PMID: 28181355
Heart transplant recipients undergo surgical denervation of the graft, which results in interruption of autonomic innervation with resultant diminished heart rate variability although some degree of autonomic control may return. ...
Heart transplant recipients undergo surgical denervation of the graft, which results in interruption of autonomic innervation with resultant …
Reading Fluency and Students With Reading Disabilities: How Fast Is Fast Enough to Promote Reading Comprehension?
O'Connor RE. O'Connor RE. J Learn Disabil. 2018 Mar/Apr;51(2):124-136. doi: 10.1177/0022219417691835. Epub 2017 Feb 1. J Learn Disabil. 2018. PMID: 29179613
The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Participants included 337 students with reading difficulties in second and fourth grade (61% eligible for special education; 80% with a diagnosis of …
The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Particip …
Diagnosing Urogenital Schistosomiasis: Dealing with Diminishing Returns.
Le L, Hsieh MH. Le L, et al. Trends Parasitol. 2017 May;33(5):378-387. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2016.12.009. Epub 2017 Jan 13. Trends Parasitol. 2017. PMID: 28094201 Review.
Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma haematobium, is the most prevalent form of schistosomiasis affecting humans, and can result in severe bladder, kidney, ureteral, and genital pathologies. Chronic infection with S. haematobium has been linked with bladder ca …
Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma haematobium, is the most prevalent form of schistosomiasis affecting humans, and can resul …
Intensity of Vasopressor Therapy for Septic Shock and the Risk of In-Hospital Death.
Brand DA, Patrick PA, Berger JT, Ibrahim M, Matela A, Upadhyay S, Spiegler P. Brand DA, et al. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 May;53(5):938-943. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.12.333. Epub 2017 Jan 3. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017. PMID: 28062334 Free article.
CONCLUSION: When a standard full dose of a vasopressor fails to normalize blood pressure in a patient with septic shock, escalation begins to yield diminishing returns as the dose and multiplicity of agents approach practical upper limits. Although it is not possibl …
CONCLUSION: When a standard full dose of a vasopressor fails to normalize blood pressure in a patient with septic shock, escalation begins t …
Magnetically controlled growing rod in early onset scoliosis: a 30-case multicenter study.
Lebon J, Batailler C, Wargny M, Choufani E, Violas P, Fron D, Kieffer J, Accadbled F, Cunin V, De Gauzy JS. Lebon J, et al. Eur Spine J. 2017 Jun;26(6):1567-1576. doi: 10.1007/s00586-016-4929-y. Epub 2016 Dec 31. Eur Spine J. 2017. PMID: 28040873
However, it has substantial complication rate. Although less frequent than in GR, the law of diminishing returns also applies to MCGR....
However, it has substantial complication rate. Although less frequent than in GR, the law of diminishing returns also applies …
Frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod for early-onset scoliosis and avoidance of the law of diminishing returns.
Cheung JP, Bow C, Samartzis D, Kwan K, Cheung KM. Cheung JP, et al. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2016 Dec;24(3):332-337. doi: 10.1177/1602400312. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2016. PMID: 28031501 Free article.
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) on spinal length gain and achieved distraction length in children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS), and to determine whether the law of diminishing retu
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) on spinal length gain and ach …
Rib-based Distraction Surgery Maintains Total Spine Growth.
El-Hawary R, Samdani A, Wade J, Smith M, Heflin JA, Klatt JW, Vitale MG, Smith JT; Children’s Spine Study Group. El-Hawary R, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Dec;36(8):841-846. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000567. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016. PMID: 26090967
Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of rib-based distraction on spine growth in children with EOS. METHODS: This was a retrospective multi-center review of 35 patients treated with rib-based distraction (minimum 5 y follow-up). ...They maintained greater than 75% of exp …
Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of rib-based distraction on spine growth in children with EOS. METHODS: This was a retrospecti …
Long-Term Outcome of Step-Cut Ulnar Shortening Osteotomy for Ulnar Impaction Syndrome.
Papatheodorou LK, Baratz ME, Bougioukli S, Ruby T, Weiser RW, Sotereanos DG. Papatheodorou LK, et al. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Nov 2;98(21):1814-1820. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.15.01111. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016. PMID: 27807114
The mean postoperative ulnar variance was +0.2 mm (range, -1 to +1.5 mm) after a mean overall ulnar shortening of 2.5 mm. All patients returned to their previous work, in a mean of 4 months. The plate was removed from 12 patients because of plate-related symptoms. ...Stabl …
The mean postoperative ulnar variance was +0.2 mm (range, -1 to +1.5 mm) after a mean overall ulnar shortening of 2.5 mm. All patients re
Are Disease Awareness Links on Prescription Drug Websites Misleading? A Randomized Study.
Sullivan HW, O'Donoghue AC, Rupert DJ, Willoughby JF, Amoozegar JB, Aikin KJ. Sullivan HW, et al. J Health Commun. 2016 Nov;21(11):1198-1207. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2016.1237594. Epub 2016 Nov 2. J Health Commun. 2016. PMID: 27805473 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
If participants in the link conditions did not click the link, they were returned to the drug website and encouraged to click it. All participants then completed an online questionnaire assessing recall, perceptions, and intentions. ...Compared with control participants, p …
If participants in the link conditions did not click the link, they were returned to the drug website and encouraged to click it. All …
Patellar Sleeve Fracture With Ossification of the Patellar Tendon.
Damrow DS, Van Valin SE. Damrow DS, et al. Orthopedics. 2017 Mar 1;40(2):e357-e359. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20161026-02. Epub 2016 Nov 1. Orthopedics. 2017. PMID: 27798714
The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation. On presentation, he had patella alta, diminished strength, 5 of extensor lag, and radiographs that revealed bone formation along the patellar tendon. .. …
The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation. On presentation, he …
Duration of Prehospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Favorable Neurological Outcomes for Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study.
Goto Y, Funada A, Goto Y. Goto Y, et al. Circulation. 2016 Dec 20;134(25):2046-2059. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.023821. Epub 2016 Oct 24. Circulation. 2016. PMID: 27777278
The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the chance for favorable outcomes diminished to <1%, was 42 minutes for each key outcome, 30-day survival, and 30-day survival with CPC 1 to 2. ...The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the …
The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the chance for favorable outcomes diminished to <1%, was 42 minutes fo …
Feasibility and efficacy of an extended trial of home-based working memory training for pediatric brain tumor survivors: a pilot study.
Carlson-Green B, Puig J, Bendel A. Carlson-Green B, et al. Neurooncol Pract. 2017 Jun;4(2):111-120. doi: 10.1093/nop/npw015. Epub 2016 Aug 26. Neurooncol Pract. 2017. PMID: 31385985 Free PMC article.
Recent studies of pediatric cancer survivors suggest Cogmed Working Memory Training is effective at improving working memory, although pediatric brain tumor survivors may demonstrate a less robust response than children with other cancers. The current study sought to deter …
Recent studies of pediatric cancer survivors suggest Cogmed Working Memory Training is effective at improving working memory, although pedia …
A Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Among Los Angeles County Men Who Have Sex With Men.
Drabo EF, Hay JW, Vardavas R, Wagner ZR, Sood N. Drabo EF, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Dec 1;63(11):1495-1504. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw578. Epub 2016 Aug 23. Clin Infect Dis. 2016. PMID: 27558571
More aggressive strategies are costlier, but more effective, albeit with diminishing returns. The relative effectiveness of PrEP is sensitive to the initial HIV prevalence rate, PrEP and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and initiation rates, the probabilities …
More aggressive strategies are costlier, but more effective, albeit with diminishing returns. The relative effectiveness of Pr …
A comprehensive look at phobic fear in inhibition of return: Phobia-related spiders as cues and targets.
Berdica E, Gerdes AB, Alpers GW. Berdica E, et al. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2017 Mar;54:158-164. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.07.013. Epub 2016 Jul 29. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2017. PMID: 27517673
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The so called inhibition of return (IOR) effect refers to a bias against returning attention to a location which was previously investigated. ...RESULTS: Results showed that the IOR effect remained stable and did not diminish with e …
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The so called inhibition of return (IOR) effect refers to a bias against returning attention to a l …
The Effect of a High Pitch Volume on Musculoskeletal Adaptations in High School Baseball Pitchers.
McHugh MP, Tyler TF, Mullaney MJ, Mirabella MR, Nicholas SJ. McHugh MP, et al. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;44(9):2246-54. doi: 10.1177/0363546516650183. Epub 2016 Jun 13. Am J Sports Med. 2016. PMID: 27298479
METHODS: Pre- and postseason ROM and strength measures were performed on pitchers from 3 high schools for 4 consecutive seasons, for a total of 95 player-seasons (mean SD participant age, 16 1 years). Preseason measures were repeated the next year on players returning to t …
METHODS: Pre- and postseason ROM and strength measures were performed on pitchers from 3 high schools for 4 consecutive seasons, for a total …
Multimodal impairment-based physical therapy for the treatment of patients with post-concussion syndrome: A retrospective analysis on safety and feasibility.
Grabowski P, Wilson J, Walker A, Enz D, Wang S. Grabowski P, et al. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 Jan;23:22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.06.001. Epub 2016 Jun 7. Phys Ther Sport. 2017. PMID: 27665247
CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal, impairment-based PT is safe and associated with diminishing PCS symptoms. This establishes feasibility for future clinical trials to determine viable treatment approaches to reduce symptoms and improve function while avoiding negative repercussions …
CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal, impairment-based PT is safe and associated with diminishing PCS symptoms. This establishes feasibility for f …
Quality of life in female patients with bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex: Long-term follow-up.
Bujons A, Lopategui DM, Rodríguez N, Centeno C, Caffaratti J, Villavicencio H. Bujons A, et al. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Aug;12(4):210.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.05.005. Epub 2016 May 28. J Pediatr Urol. 2016. PMID: 27290615
Thirty-three patients were asked to complete four validated questionnaires to evaluate their QoL regarding urinary continence and sexual activity (ICIQ, Potenziani-14, and PISQ-12 questionnaires). Nineteen patients completed and returned the questionnaires. The overall QoL …
Thirty-three patients were asked to complete four validated questionnaires to evaluate their QoL regarding urinary continence and sexual act …
Maternal collapse: Challenging the four-minute rule.
Benson MD, Padovano A, Bourjeily G, Zhou Y. Benson MD, et al. EBioMedicine. 2016 Apr;6:253-257. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2016.02.042. Epub 2016 Mar 2. EBioMedicine. 2016. PMID: 27211568 Free PMC article. Review.
INTRODUCTION: The current approach to, cardiopulmonary resuscitation of pregnant women in the third trimester has been to adhere to the "four-minute rule": If pulses have not returned within 4min of the start of resuscitation, perform a cesarean birth so that birth occurs …
INTRODUCTION: The current approach to, cardiopulmonary resuscitation of pregnant women in the third trimester has been to adhere to the "fou …
Interpreting Progress Feedback to Guide Clinical Decision-Making in Children's Mental Health Services.
Tsai KH, Moskowitz AL, Brown TE, Park AL, Chorpita BF. Tsai KH, et al. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Mar;43(2):199-206. doi: 10.1007/s10488-015-0630-4. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016. PMID: 25627140 Free PMC article.
This study examined the amount of data that would provide a reasonable and reliable prediction of a client's rate of symptomatology in order to help inform clinical decision-making processes. Results showed that use of more data predicted greater levels of accuracy. Howeve …
This study examined the amount of data that would provide a reasonable and reliable prediction of a client's rate of symptomatology i …
Objective Sensory Changes Following Subfascial Breast Augmentation.
Brown T. Brown T. Aesthet Surg J. 2016 Jul;36(7):784-9. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjw005. Epub 2016 Feb 15. Aesthet Surg J. 2016. PMID: 26883217
RESULTS: Most women (92.5%) regained preoperative levels of sensation in all areas of the breast, excepting the lower-outer quadrants (16.15%) by 12 weeks following surgery. Four percent of nipple-areolar complexes (NAC) failed return to preoperative levels of sensitivity …
RESULTS: Most women (92.5%) regained preoperative levels of sensation in all areas of the breast, excepting the lower-outer quadrants (16.15 …
How much therapy is enough? Comparing dose-effect and good-enough models in two different settings.
Falkenström F, Josefsson A, Berggren T, Holmqvist R. Falkenström F, et al. Psychotherapy (Chic). 2016 Mar;53(1):130-9. doi: 10.1037/pst0000039. Epub 2016 Jan 25. Psychotherapy (Chic). 2016. PMID: 26928273
The Dose-Effect model holds that longer therapy leads to better outcome, although increasing treatment length will yield diminishing returns, as additional sessions lead to progressively less change in a negatively accelerating fashion. ...
The Dose-Effect model holds that longer therapy leads to better outcome, although increasing treatment length will yield diminishing
Mapping residual transmission for malaria elimination.
Reiner RC, Le Menach A, Kunene S, Ntshalintshali N, Hsiang MS, Perkins TA, Greenhouse B, Tatem AJ, Cohen JM, Smith DL. Reiner RC, et al. Elife. 2015 Dec 29;4:e09520. doi: 10.7554/eLife.09520. Elife. 2015. PMID: 26714110 Free PMC article.
In the last phases of malaria elimination, as universal interventions reap diminishing marginal returns, national resources must become increasingly devoted to identifying where residual transmission is occurring. ...
In the last phases of malaria elimination, as universal interventions reap diminishing marginal returns, national resources mu …
Sexual function after treatment for sacrococcygeal teratoma during childhood.
Kremer ME, Derikx JP, Peeters A, Ter Kuile MM, van Baren R, Heij HA, Wijnen MH, Wijnen RM, van der Zee DC, van Heurn LW. Kremer ME, et al. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Apr;51(4):534-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.09.013. Epub 2015 Sep 25. J Pediatr Surg. 2016. PMID: 26460155 Free article.
BACKGROUND: Children treated for sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) may suffer from sexual dysfunction later in life because of the extended pelvic surgery performed, however, structured evaluations have not been performed yet. ...Females had significant lower BIQ results compa …
BACKGROUND: Children treated for sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) may suffer from sexual dysfunction later in life because of the extend …
Anemia and autoimmunity markers in an adolescent with Castleman disease.
Fretzayas A, Stasinopoulou A, Moustaki M, Stefos E, Kaniouras G, Nicolaidou P. Fretzayas A, et al. Pediatr Int. 2015 Dec;57(6):1199-201. doi: 10.1111/ped.12710. Epub 2015 Sep 21. Pediatr Int. 2015. PMID: 26387507
We describe herein the case of an adolescent girl with anemia non-responsive to oral iron, associated with low-grade fever, diminished appetite and fatigue. ...Castleman disease of plasma type was identified on histology. Hemogloblin and IL-6 gradually returned
We describe herein the case of an adolescent girl with anemia non-responsive to oral iron, associated with low-grade fever, dimini
How Does Spinal Release and Ponte Osteotomy Improve Spinal Flexibility? The Law of Diminishing Returns.
Holewijn RM, Schlösser TP, Bisschop A, van der Veen AJ, Stadhouder A, van Royen BJ, Castelein RM, de Kleuver M. Holewijn RM, et al. Spine Deform. 2015 Sep;3(5):489-495. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2015.03.006. Epub 2015 Oct 2. Spine Deform. 2015. PMID: 27927536
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal ligaments, facet joints and ribs are removed to increase spinal flexibility in corrective spinal surgery for deformities such as adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Reported clinical results vary and biomechanical substantiat …
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal ligaments, facet joints and ribs are removed to increase spinal flexibility in corrective spina …
A Century of Tuberculosis Epidemiology in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere: The Differential Impact of Control Interventions.
Hermans S, Horsburgh CR Jr, Wood R. Hermans S, et al. PLoS One. 2015 Aug 19;10(8):e0135179. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135179. eCollection 2015. PLoS One. 2015. PMID: 26288079 Free PMC article.
Mortality and notification rates subsequently declined, although Cape Town notifications did not decline as far as those in New York or London and returned to pre-chemotherapy levels by 1980. The proportional contribution of childhood TB diminished in New York and L …
Mortality and notification rates subsequently declined, although Cape Town notifications did not decline as far as those in New York or Lond …
Dynamics of glucose-induced insulin secretion in normal human islets.
Henquin JC, Dufrane D, Kerr-Conte J, Nenquin M. Henquin JC, et al. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Oct 1;309(7):E640-50. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00251.2015. Epub 2015 Aug 11. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015. PMID: 26264556 Free article.
Concentration dependency was similar for both phases, with half-maximal and maximal responses at G6.5 and G15, respectively. First-phase response to G15-G30 was diminished by short (30-60 min) prestimulation in G6 (vs. G3) and abolished by prestimulation in G8, whereas the …
Concentration dependency was similar for both phases, with half-maximal and maximal responses at G6.5 and G15, respectively. First-phase res …
Default Mode Network Activity Predicts Early Memory Decline in Healthy Young Adults Aged 18-31.
Nelson SM, Savalia NK, Fishell AK, Gilmore AW, Zou F, Balota DA, McDermott KB. Nelson SM, et al. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Aug;26(8):3379-89. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhv165. Epub 2015 Jul 24. Cereb Cortex. 2016. PMID: 26209847
However, studies from cognitive psychology suggest that long-term memory and attentional control begin to diminish in the third decade of life. Here, 100 participants between the ages of 18 and 31 learned Lithuanian translations of English words in an individual difference …
However, studies from cognitive psychology suggest that long-term memory and attentional control begin to diminish in the third decad …
Adjustment following chronic spinal cord injury: Determining factors that contribute to social participation.
Craig A, Nicholson Perry K, Guest R, Tran Y, Middleton J. Craig A, et al. Br J Health Psychol. 2015 Nov;20(4):807-23. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12143. Epub 2015 Jun 2. Br J Health Psychol. 2015. PMID: 26037456
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a catastrophic event that may result in diminished physical, social, and mental health. The main objective of this research was to establish inpatient factors that contribute to social participation following discharge into the commu …
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a catastrophic event that may result in diminished physical, social, and mental health. The m …
[Using Shared Decision-Making on a Patient With Renal Cell Carcinoma and Subcutaneous Metastasis: A Care Experience].
Tsai LY, Lin CC. Tsai LY, et al. Hu Li Za Zhi. 2015 Jun;62(3):89-94. doi: 10.6224/JN.62.3.89. Hu Li Za Zhi. 2015. PMID: 26073962 Chinese.
When a patient aggressively receives treatment and looks forward to returning home, the prolonging of meaningful life is difficult, even with medical treatment. ...In the end, we helped the patient to complete her pre-death preparations and to say goodbye to her childre
When a patient aggressively receives treatment and looks forward to returning home, the prolonging of meaningful life is difficult, e …
Are global and regional improvements in life expectancy and in child, adult and senior survival slowing?
Hum RJ, Verguet S, Cheng YL, McGahan AM, Jha P. Hum RJ, et al. PLoS One. 2015 May 18;10(5):e0124479. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124479. eCollection 2015. PLoS One. 2015. PMID: 25992949 Free PMC article.
Global improvements in life expectancy, including both child and adult survival rates, decelerated significantly over the study period. ...We postulate that low-cost innovation, related to the last half-century progress in health-primarily devoted to children and mi …
Global improvements in life expectancy, including both child and adult survival rates, decelerated significantly over the study perio …
Childhood obesity: evidence for distinct early and late environmental determinants a 12-year longitudinal cohort study (EarlyBird 62).
Mostazir M, Jeffery A, Voss L, Wilkin T. Mostazir M, et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2015 Jul;39(7):1057-62. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2015.68. Epub 2015 Apr 27. Int J Obes (Lond). 2015. PMID: 25913505
The skew at 5 years among the EarlyBird children was greatly exaggerated, and involved selectively the offspring of obese parents, but returned to 1990 levels by puberty. As the skew diminished, so the variance in BMI rose sharply. The median BMI of the Early …
The skew at 5 years among the EarlyBird children was greatly exaggerated, and involved selectively the offspring of obese parents, bu …
Preliminary Assessment of Tricuspid Valve Annular Velocity Parameters by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Adults with a Volume-Overloaded Right Ventricle: Comparison of Unrepaired Atrial Septal Defect and Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.
Ito S, McElhinney DB, Adams R, Bhatla P, Chung S, Axel L. Ito S, et al. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Aug;36(6):1294-300. doi: 10.1007/s00246-015-1160-2. Epub 2015 Apr 4. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015. PMID: 25835201
We retrospectively reviewed CMR studies performed between November 2007 and November 2013 in patients 16-45 years of age with unrepaired ASD (with or without partial anomalous pulmonary venous return) and with repaired TOF, who had previous infundibulotomy, but have not un …
We retrospectively reviewed CMR studies performed between November 2007 and November 2013 in patients 16-45 years of age with unrepaired ASD …
Continued Impact of SunSmart Advertising on Youth and Adults' Behaviors.
Dobbinson SJ, Volkov A, Wakefield MA. Dobbinson SJ, et al. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Jul;49(1):20-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.01.011. Epub 2015 Mar 17. Am J Prev Med. 2015. PMID: 25794474
These effects had limited interaction with time period, age group, gender, or skin type. There was evidence of diminishing returns at the highest TARP quartile for tan preference but not for behavioral outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Sustained youth-focused advertisin …
These effects had limited interaction with time period, age group, gender, or skin type. There was evidence of diminishing returns
Improvement in psychotic symptoms after a gluten-free diet in a boy with complex autoimmune illness.
Eaton WW, Chen LY, Dohan FC Jr, Kelly DL, Cascella N. Eaton WW, et al. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Mar 1;172(3):219-21. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.14040550. Am J Psychiatry. 2015. PMID: 25727533 Free PMC article.
Gluten was removed from his diet at the suggestion of the mother, a licensed dietitian. After the dietary change, the intensity of Chris's auditory hallucinations declined dramatically and the violent element diminished, and he was discharged after 9 weeks. ...The f …
Gluten was removed from his diet at the suggestion of the mother, a licensed dietitian. After the dietary change, the intensity of Chris' …
[Philo of Alexandria and his views on health and sickness].
Kaiser O. Kaiser O. Med Ges Gesch. 2015;33:9-34. Med Ges Gesch. 2015. PMID: 26137641 German.
Philo therefore saw virtuousness as the safest precondition for a healthy and cheerful life. That the life forces increase during youth and diminish in old age is part of destiny. Similarly, illness can be brought about by strokes of fate. ...Faith in God, Philo tho …
Philo therefore saw virtuousness as the safest precondition for a healthy and cheerful life. That the life forces increase during youth
High Staphylococcus aureus colonization prevalence among patients with skin and soft tissue infections and controls in an urban emergency department.
Kumar N, David MZ, Boyle-Vavra S, Sieth J, Daum RS. Kumar N, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Mar;53(3):810-5. doi: 10.1128/JCM.03221-14. Epub 2014 Dec 24. J Clin Microbiol. 2015. PMID: 25540401 Free PMC article.
A total of 144 subjects and 130 controls, predominantly African American, participated in this study, and 116 returned for a 40-day follow-up visit. Of the SSTI patients, 76% were colonized with S. aureus at enrollment, as were 65% of the controls. ...The nares were …
A total of 144 subjects and 130 controls, predominantly African American, participated in this study, and 116 returned for a 40-day f …
Novelty-facilitated extinction: providing a novel outcome in place of an expected threat diminishes recovery of defensive responses.
Dunsmoor JE, Campese VD, Ceceli AO, LeDoux JE, Phelps EA. Dunsmoor JE, et al. Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Aug 1;78(3):203-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.12.008. Epub 2014 Dec 16. Biol Psychiatry. 2015. PMID: 25636175 Free PMC article.
However, the effects of extinction are often transient, as evidenced by postextinction return of defensive behaviors. From a therapeutic perspective, an inherent problem with extinction may be that mere omission of threat is not sufficient to reduce future threat uncertain …
However, the effects of extinction are often transient, as evidenced by postextinction return of defensive behaviors. From a therapeu …
Accelerated time course of saccadic inhibition of return in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.
Pieron M, Seassau M, Leboyer M, Zalla T. Pieron M, et al. Exp Brain Res. 2015 Mar;233(3):767-75. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-4152-1. Epub 2014 Nov 30. Exp Brain Res. 2015. PMID: 25432625
The inhibition of return (IOR) refers the observer's slower response time when the target stimulus appears on the previously attended location. ...These findings reveal an accelerated time course for saccadic IOR along with diminished volitional oculomotor co …
The inhibition of return (IOR) refers the observer's slower response time when the target stimulus appears on the previously a …
Neurobehavioral and Developmental Traiectories Associated with Level of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure.
Chiriboga CA, Kuhn L, Wasserman GA. Chiriboga CA, et al. J Neurol Psychol. 2014 Nov;2(3):12. doi: 10.13188/2332-3469.1000015. J Neurol Psychol. 2014. PMID: 25664330 Free PMC article.
Developmental, behavioral and neurological assessments were carried out blind to drug exposure at 6, 12 and 24 months of age in the 306 children who returned in follow-up. Mixed-effects linear modeling (developmental growth curve) assessed change in outcome over tim …
Developmental, behavioral and neurological assessments were carried out blind to drug exposure at 6, 12 and 24 months of age in the 306 c
Impact of late effects on health-related quality of life in survivors of pediatric brain tumors: motility disturbance of limb(s), seizure, ocular/visual impairment, endocrine abnormality, and higher brain dysfunction.
Sato I, Higuchi A, Yanagisawa T, Murayama S, Kumabe T, Sugiyama K, Mukasa A, Saito N, Sawamura Y, Terasaki M, Shibui S, Takahashi J, Nishikawa R, Ishida Y, Kamibeppu K. Sato I, et al. Cancer Nurs. 2014 Nov-Dec;37(6):E1-E14. doi: 10.1097/NCC.0000000000000110. Cancer Nurs. 2014. PMID: 24633333
BACKGROUND: Survivors of pediatric brain tumors are often affected by late effects, such as motility disturbance of limb(s), seizure, ocular/visual impairment, endocrine abnormality, and higher brain dysfunction, resulting from the disease and its treatment. ...We compared …
BACKGROUND: Survivors of pediatric brain tumors are often affected by late effects, such as motility disturbance of limb(s), seizure, …
Displaced intra-articular fractures involving the volar rim of the distal radius.
Marcano A, Taormina DP, Karia R, Paksima N, Posner M, Egol KA. Marcano A, et al. J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Jan;40(1):42-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.09.013. Epub 2014 Oct 29. J Hand Surg Am. 2015. PMID: 25446998
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that patients with volar rim distal radius fractures can expect a rapid return to function with minimal risk for complications and have outcomes similar to other types of operatively treated distal radius fractures. Further investigation of ty …
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that patients with volar rim distal radius fractures can expect a rapid return to function with minimal …
Praziquantel sensitivity of Kenyan Schistosoma mansoni isolates and the generation of a laboratory strain with reduced susceptibility to the drug.
Mwangi IN, Sanchez MC, Mkoji GM, Agola LE, Runo SM, Cupit PM, Cunningham C. Mwangi IN, et al. Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist. 2014 Sep 26;4(3):296-300. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpddr.2014.09.006. eCollection 2014 Dec. Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist. 2014. PMID: 25516840 Free PMC article.
Using miracidia derived from seven car washers to infect snails, we used the shed cercariae to establish a strain of S. mansoni with significantly reduced praziquantel sensitivity in mice. ...This result indicates that while the threat of praziquantel resistance may have …
Using miracidia derived from seven car washers to infect snails, we used the shed cercariae to establish a strain of S. mansoni with …
Graphic Health Warnings on Cigarette Packs: How Long Before the Effects on Adolescents Wear Out?
White V, Bariola E, Faulkner A, Coomber K, Wakefield M. White V, et al. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Jul;17(7):776-83. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu184. Epub 2014 Sep 19. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015. PMID: 25239958
CONCLUSIONS: When novel, GHWL on cigarette packs increase cognitive processing among adolescents. However, this effect diminishes after 5 years, suggesting more regular message refreshment is needed. Australia's adoption of plain packaging is intended to unde …
CONCLUSIONS: When novel, GHWL on cigarette packs increase cognitive processing among adolescents. However, this effect diminishes
How do the approaches to accountability compare for charities working in international development?
Kirsch D. Kirsch D. Healthc Policy. 2014 Sep;10(Spec issue):145-9. Healthc Policy. 2014. PMID: 25305397 Free PMC article.
Accountability can be beneficial, but too much or the wrong kind of accountability can divert resources and diminish returns....
Accountability can be beneficial, but too much or the wrong kind of accountability can divert resources and diminish returns.. …
Long-term increased risk of unemployment after young stroke: a long-term follow-up study.
Maaijwee NA, Rutten-Jacobs LC, Arntz RM, Schaapsmeerders P, Schoonderwaldt HC, van Dijk EJ, de Leeuw FE. Maaijwee NA, et al. Neurology. 2014 Sep 23;83(13):1132-8. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000817. Epub 2014 Aug 15. Neurology. 2014. PMID: 25128177
CONCLUSION: Young stroke patients had a 2-3 times higher risk of unemployment after 8 years of follow-up. Return-to-work programs should be developed, adjusted, and evaluated in order to diminish the negative effects that unemployment can have on patients' life sati …
CONCLUSION: Young stroke patients had a 2-3 times higher risk of unemployment after 8 years of follow-up. Return-to-work programs sho …
Impact of tonsillectomy on health-related quality of life and healthcare costs in children and adolescents.
Nokso-Koivisto J, Blomgren K, Roine RP, Sintonen H, Pitkäranta A. Nokso-Koivisto J, et al. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Sep;78(9):1508-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.06.021. Epub 2014 Jun 23. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014. PMID: 25023455
At the same time-points, data on the use of healthcare services and school absenteeism were collected by questionnaire. RESULTS: Altogether 49 children and 42 adolescents returned all HRQoL questionnaires. Tonsillectomy improved the mean total HRQoL score cli …
At the same time-points, data on the use of healthcare services and school absenteeism were collected by questionnaire. RESULTS: Altogether …
Takayasu Arteritis in the pediatric population: a contemporary United States-based single center cohort.
Szugye HS, Zeft AS, Spalding SJ. Szugye HS, et al. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2014 Jun 4;12:21. doi: 10.1186/1546-0096-12-21. eCollection 2014. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2014. PMID: 24955077 Free PMC article.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients seen at Cleveland Clinic Children's up until 2012 who met EULAR/PRINTO/PRES classification criteria for childhood Takayasu Arteritis. ...CONCLUSION: Our study emphasizes that constitutional symptoms …
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients seen at Cleveland Clinic Children's up until 2012 who met …
Goal-determined metrics to assess outcomes of esotropia surgery.
Ehrenberg M, Nihalani BR, Melvin P, Cain CE, Hunter DG, Dagi LR. Ehrenberg M, et al. J AAPOS. 2014 Jun;18(3):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2013.12.016. J AAPOS. 2014. PMID: 24924270
METHODS: A goal-determined outcomes analysis tool was devised to address a quality improvement initiative at Boston Children's Hospital. Surgeons preoperatively ranked four possible goals for intervention: enhancement of binocular potential, restoration of eye conta …
METHODS: A goal-determined outcomes analysis tool was devised to address a quality improvement initiative at Boston Children's
Changes in emotional reactivity and distress tolerance among heavy drinking adolescents during sustained abstinence.
Winward JL, Bekman NM, Hanson KL, Lejuez CW, Brown SA. Winward JL, et al. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Jun;38(6):1761-9. doi: 10.1111/acer.12415. Epub 2014 May 12. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014. PMID: 24818520 Free PMC article.
This study utilized the Paced Auditory Serial Attention Test - Computerized Version (PASAT-C) to examine affective reactivity, cognitive performance, and distress tolerance during early abstinence among heavy drinking adolescents. METHODS: Participants, ages 16 to 18 (50% …
This study utilized the Paced Auditory Serial Attention Test - Computerized Version (PASAT-C) to examine affective reactivity, cognitive per …
Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of End-Tidal Carbon Dioxide Values Associated With Return of Spontaneous Circulation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Hartmann SM, Farris RW, Di Gennaro JL, Roberts JS. Hartmann SM, et al. J Intensive Care Med. 2015 Oct;30(7):426-35. doi: 10.1177/0885066614530839. Epub 2014 Apr 22. J Intensive Care Med. 2015. PMID: 24756307 Review.
The goals of this review are to confirm and quantify this relationship and to determine the mean ETCO(2) value among patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) as an initial step toward determining an appropriate target for intervention during resuscitation in …
The goals of this review are to confirm and quantify this relationship and to determine the mean ETCO(2) value among patients with return
The impact of office-based care on hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions.
Sundmacher L, Kopetsch T. Sundmacher L, et al. Eur J Health Econ. 2015 May;16(4):365-75. doi: 10.1007/s10198-014-0578-4. Epub 2014 Apr 5. Eur J Health Econ. 2015. PMID: 25904496
The correlation is not linear but, as suspected, exhibits diminishing marginal returns. CONCLUSIONS: Our models suggest that additional medical services reduce the rate of hospitalizations for ACSCs but that this correlation depends on the absolute level of office-b …
The correlation is not linear but, as suspected, exhibits diminishing marginal returns. CONCLUSIONS: Our models suggest that a …
Students' experiences of school suspension.
Quin D, Hemphill SA. Quin D, et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2014 Apr;25(1):52-8. doi: 10.1071/HE13097. Health Promot J Austr. 2014. PMID: 24666539
Students reported their understanding of the process of being suspended; what they did and with whom they spent the day(s) of suspension; and their perceptions of their return to school post-suspension. ...Suspension removes the potential pro-social normative influe …
Students reported their understanding of the process of being suspended; what they did and with whom they spent the day(s) of suspens …
Essential role of hemoglobin beta-93-cysteine in posthypoxia facilitation of breathing in conscious mice.
Gaston B, May WJ, Sullivan S, Yemen S, Marozkina NV, Palmer LA, Bates JN, Lewis SJ. Gaston B, et al. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 May 15;116(10):1290-9. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01050.2013. Epub 2014 Mar 7. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014. PMID: 24610531 Free PMC article.
When erythrocyte hemoglobin (Hb) is fully saturated with O2, nitric oxide (NO) covalently binds to the cysteine 93 residue of the Hb beta-chain (B93-CYS), forming S-nitrosohemoglobin. Binding of NO is allosterically coupled to the O2 saturation of Hb. ...Both strains expre …
When erythrocyte hemoglobin (Hb) is fully saturated with O2, nitric oxide (NO) covalently binds to the cysteine 93 residue of the Hb beta-ch …
The phenomenon of diminishing -returns in the use of bed nets and indoor house spraying and the emerging place of antimalarial medicines in the control of malaria in Uganda.
Sezi CL. Sezi CL. Afr Health Sci. 2014 Mar;14(1):100-10. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v14i1.16. Afr Health Sci. 2014. PMID: 26060465 Free PMC article.
Paradoxically, this was the highest malaria prevalence at 80.1%, hence the phenomenon of diminishing-returns. The urban children (28.6%), those of post-secondary education mothers (14.3%) and in the highest wealth quintile (33.3%) had a lower malaria prevalen …
Paradoxically, this was the highest malaria prevalence at 80.1%, hence the phenomenon of diminishing-returns. The urban chi
Extinction in multiple virtual reality contexts diminishes fear reinstatement in humans.
Dunsmoor JE, Ahs F, Zielinski DJ, LaBar KS. Dunsmoor JE, et al. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2014 Sep;113:157-64. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2014.02.010. Epub 2014 Feb 28. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2014. PMID: 24583374 Free PMC article.
As extinction represents a context-dependent form of new learning, one possible strategy to circumvent the return of fear is to conduct extinction across several environments. ...A multiple extinction group then underwent extinction in three contexts, while a second group …
As extinction represents a context-dependent form of new learning, one possible strategy to circumvent the return of fear is to condu …
Effects of scheduled exercise on cancer-related fatigue in women with early breast cancer.
Husebø AM, Dyrstad SM, Mjaaland I, Søreide JA, Bru E. Husebø AM, et al. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 Jan 19;2014:271828. doi: 10.1155/2014/271828. eCollection 2014. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014. PMID: 24563628 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
In both groups, cancer-related fatigue increased at Post1 but returned to baseline at Post2. Physical fitness and activity levels decreased at Post1 but were significantly improved at Post2. ...The findings suggest that generally recommended physical activity levels are en …
In both groups, cancer-related fatigue increased at Post1 but returned to baseline at Post2. Physical fitness and activity levels dec …
Hydrocephalus with spontaneous regression in a 14-year-old girl.
Asano T, Kuwabara K, Mishina-Ikegami K, Toba-Shimizu K, Hatori T, Fujino O. Asano T, et al. J Nippon Med Sch. 2014;81(5):337-9. doi: 10.1272/jnms.81.337. J Nippon Med Sch. 2014. PMID: 25391704 Free article.
One year after onset, the patient was completely free of neurological symptoms, and findings of physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain had returned to normal. The etiology of the spontaneous regression is unclear, but the following mechanisms are …
One year after onset, the patient was completely free of neurological symptoms, and findings of physical examination and magnetic resonance …