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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1949 1
1950 1
1968 1
1970 1
1972 1
1974 1
1975 11
1976 4
1977 2
1978 10
1979 12
1980 5
1981 3
1982 8
1983 5
1984 10
1985 6
1986 6
1987 6
1988 7
1989 5
1990 8
1991 9
1992 6
1993 14
1994 7
1995 5
1996 12
1997 13
1998 10
1999 7
2000 15
2001 19
2002 11
2003 10
2004 11
2005 14
2006 13
2007 7
2008 12
2009 12
2010 14
2011 20
2012 10
2013 15
2014 27
2015 24
2016 21
2017 25
2018 32
2019 29
2020 57
2021 45
2022 21
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Performance and return to sport after injury in professional mixed martial arts.
Kingery MT, Kouk S, Anil U, McCafferty J, Lemos C, Gelber J, Gonzalez-Lomas G. Kingery MT, et al. Phys Sportsmed. 2022 Oct;50(5):435-439. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2021.1953358. Epub 2021 Jul 19. Phys Sportsmed. 2022. PMID: 34236932
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of injuries on the return to sport and post-injury performance of professional MMA athletes. We hypothesize that increased age is associated with lower probability of return to sport and diminished
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of injuries on the return to sport and post-injury performance of pro …
Minimally counterintuitive stimuli trigger greater curiosity than merely improbable stimuli.
Lewry C, Gorucu S, Liquin EG, Lombrozo T. Lewry C, et al. Cognition. 2022 Sep 15;230:105286. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2022.105286. Online ahead of print. Cognition. 2022. PMID: 36116402
Prior work finds that violations of expectations can be powerful triggers of curiosity in both children and adults, but it is unclear which expectation-violating events induce the greatest curiosity and how this might vary over development. ...Our results suggest that (i) …
Prior work finds that violations of expectations can be powerful triggers of curiosity in both children and adults, but it is unclear …
COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Strategies in Light of Emerging Viral Variants: Frequency, Timing, and Target Groups.
Kelly SL, Le Rutte EA, Richter M, Penny MA, Shattock AJ. Kelly SL, et al. Infect Dis Ther. 2022 Sep 12:1-17. doi: 10.1007/s40121-022-00683-z. Online ahead of print. Infect Dis Ther. 2022. PMID: 36094720 Free PMC article.
Conversely, while this strategy may not ensure reduced stress on health systems, as an indication of cost-effectiveness, per booster dose more hospitalisations could be averted through annual boosting of those most vulnerable versus all eligible, since those most vulnerable are m …
Conversely, while this strategy may not ensure reduced stress on health systems, as an indication of cost-effectiveness, per booster dose mo …
Skin Tone and the Health Returns to Higher Status.
DeAngelis RT, Hargrove TW, Hummer RA. DeAngelis RT, et al. Demography. 2022 Sep 7:10191675. doi: 10.1215/00703370-10191675. Online ahead of print. Demography. 2022. PMID: 36069268
First, why do Black Americans exhibit worse health outcomes than White Americans even at higher levels of socioeconomic status (SES)? Second, are diminished health returns to higher status concentrated among Black Americans with darker skin color? ...Moreover, incre …
First, why do Black Americans exhibit worse health outcomes than White Americans even at higher levels of socioeconomic status (SES)? Second …
Viral infections in hospitalized children in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic: Association with non-pharmaceutical interventions.
Terliesner N, Unterwalder N, Edelmann A, Corman V, Knaust A, Rosenfeld L, Gratopp A, Ringe H, Martin L, von Bernuth H, Mall MA, Kallinich T. Terliesner N, et al. Front Pediatr. 2022 Aug 11;10:935483. doi: 10.3389/fped.2022.935483. eCollection 2022. Front Pediatr. 2022. PMID: 36034546 Free PMC article.
The aim of this study was to describe and compare the burden of common viral respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in children admitted to Berlin University Children's Hospital (BCH) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic at different levels of public …
The aim of this study was to describe and compare the burden of common viral respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in children
Kinematic and biomechanical responses of the spine to distraction surgery in children with early onset scoliosis: A 3-D finite element analysis.
Pei B, Lu D, Wu X, Xu Y, Ma C, Wu S. Pei B, et al. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022 Jul 15;10:933341. doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.933341. eCollection 2022. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022. PMID: 35910017 Free PMC article.
The spinal overall imbalance would also happen during the distraction process even under the safe force, which was characterized by unexpected cervical lordosis and lateral displacement. Additionally, the law of diminishing return has been confirmed by comparing the …
The spinal overall imbalance would also happen during the distraction process even under the safe force, which was characterized by unexpect …
Social Epidemiology of Early Adolescent Cyberbullying in the United States.
Nagata JM, Trompeter N, Singh G, Ganson KT, Testa A, Jackson DB, Assari S, Murray SB, Bibbins-Domingo K, Baker FC. Nagata JM, et al. Acad Pediatr. 2022 Jul 15:S1876-2859(22)00347-3. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2022.07.003. Online ahead of print. Acad Pediatr. 2022. PMID: 35840085 Free article.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of cyberbullying victimization and perpetration among a racially, ethnically and socioeconomically diverse population-based sample of 11-12-year-old early adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed cross-section …
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of cyberbullying victimization and perpetration among a racially, eth …
Social epidemiology of early adolescent problematic screen use in the United States.
Nagata JM, Singh G, Sajjad OM, Ganson KT, Testa A, Jackson DB, Assari S, Murray SB, Bibbins-Domingo K, Baker FC. Nagata JM, et al. Pediatr Res. 2022 Jun 29:1-7. doi: 10.1038/s41390-022-02176-8. Online ahead of print. Pediatr Res. 2022. PMID: 35768491 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVE: To determine sociodemographic correlates of problematic screen use (social media, video games, mobile phones) among a racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse population-based sample of 10-14-year-old early adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed cross-s …
OBJECTIVE: To determine sociodemographic correlates of problematic screen use (social media, video games, mobile phones) among a racially/et …
Mental distress among young adults in Great Britain: long-term trends and early changes during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Gagné T, Schoon I, McMunn A, Sacker A. Gagné T, et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2022 Jun;57(6):1261-1272. doi: 10.1007/s00127-021-02194-7. Epub 2021 Nov 11. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2022. PMID: 34766187 Free PMC article.
In April 2020, the risk of caseness (4 + /12) increased across groups by 55% to 80% compared to the 2018-19 baseline. This increase, however, rapidly diminished over time: in July-September 2020, there was only a higher risk of caseness (4 + /12) in men aged 25-34 (prevale …
In April 2020, the risk of caseness (4 + /12) increased across groups by 55% to 80% compared to the 2018-19 baseline. This increase, however …
Hospital and Professional Charges and Reimbursement Patterns in Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.
Casar Berazaluce AM, Frischer JS. Casar Berazaluce AM, et al. Am Surg. 2022 May 15:31348221091968. doi: 10.1177/00031348221091968. Online ahead of print. Am Surg. 2022. PMID: 35574635
METHODS: A retrospective review of ECMO cases at a standalone quaternary children's hospital between 2008-2017 was performed. Itemized hospital and professional bills were analyzed. ...As the infrastructure required to provide this service is costly, diminishing
METHODS: A retrospective review of ECMO cases at a standalone quaternary children's hospital between 2008-2017 was performed. …
Genome sequencing among children with medical complexity: What constitutes value from parents' perspective?
Lee W, Luca S, Costain G, Snell M, Marano M, Curtis M, Dunsmore K, Veenma D, Walker S, Cohn RD, Marshall CR, Cohen E, Meyn MS, Orkin J, Hayeems RZ. Lee W, et al. J Genet Couns. 2022 Apr;31(2):523-533. doi: 10.1002/jgc4.1522. Epub 2021 Oct 21. J Genet Couns. 2022. PMID: 34674352
Following the return of GS results, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 parents about their child's diagnostic journey. Of the children whose parents were interviewed, six children received a diagnosis, two received a possible diag …
Following the return of GS results, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 parents about their child's diagn …
Structural racism and the education gradient for early all-cause mortality.
Bartle-Haring S, Whiting R. Bartle-Haring S, et al. SSM Popul Health. 2022 Mar 23;17:101076. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2022.101076. eCollection 2022 Mar. SSM Popul Health. 2022. PMID: 35360439 Free PMC article.
We utilize a nationally representative longitudinal sample of youth (NLSY97), and estimates of structural racism for each state through measures of political participation, employment and job status, education attainment ratios, and judicial treatment. ...Results indicate …
We utilize a nationally representative longitudinal sample of youth (NLSY97), and estimates of structural racism for each state throu …
Examining the Efficacy of Antimicrobial Therapy in Preventing the Development of Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Bateman E, Mansour S, Okafor E, Arrington K, Hong BY, Cervantes J. Bateman E, et al. Infect Dis Rep. 2022 Mar 7;14(2):176-183. doi: 10.3390/idr14020022. Infect Dis Rep. 2022. PMID: 35314652 Free PMC article. Review.
While it has become increasingly rare in industrialized regions, it continues to affect children in developing countries. There has been debate as to why incidence rates are declining, including the possibility of improved initial treatment of bacterial infections. ...EMBA …
While it has become increasingly rare in industrialized regions, it continues to affect children in developing countries. There has b …
The Effect of Inflammation and Infection on Lipids and Lipoproteins.
Feingold KR, Grunfeld C. Feingold KR, et al. 2022 Mar 7. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, Chrousos G, de Herder WW, Dhatariya K, Dungan K, Hershman JM, Hofland J, Kalra S, Kaltsas G, Koch C, Kopp P, Korbonits M, Kovacs CS, Kuohung W, Laferrère B, Levy M, McGee EA, McLachlan R, Morley JE, New M, Purnell J, Sahay R, Singer F, Sperling MA, Stratakis CA, Trence DL, Wilson DP, editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000–. 2022 Mar 7. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, Chrousos G, de Herder WW, Dhatariya K, Dungan K, Hershman JM, Hofland J, Kalra S, Kaltsas G, Koch C, Kopp P, Korbonits M, Kovacs CS, Kuohung W, Laferrère B, Levy M, McGee EA, McLachlan R, Morley JE, New M, Purnell J, Sahay R, Singer F, Sperling MA, Stratakis CA, Trence DL, Wilson DP, editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000–. PMID: 26561701 Free Books & Documents. Review.
LDL is more easily oxidized as the ability of HDL to prevent the oxidation of LDL is diminished. Moreover, there are a number of steps in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway that are adversely affected during inflammation. ...Treatment of the underlying disease leadi …
LDL is more easily oxidized as the ability of HDL to prevent the oxidation of LDL is diminished. Moreover, there are a number of step …
"It's a revolving door": Ego-depletion among prisoners with injecting drug use histories as a barrier to post-release success.
Schroeder SE, Drysdale K, Lafferty L, Baldry E, Marshall AD, Higgs P, Dietze P, Stoove M, Treloar C. Schroeder SE, et al. Int J Drug Policy. 2022 Mar;101:103571. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103571. Epub 2022 Jan 7. Int J Drug Policy. 2022. PMID: 35007877
Post-release environments were found to diminish self-regulation resources, leading to states of ego-depletion and compromising the capacity to self-regulate according to their ideals. ...Corrections' behaviourist paradigms take insufficient account of the socio-structural …
Post-release environments were found to diminish self-regulation resources, leading to states of ego-depletion and compromising the c …
Acute impairment in respiratory muscle strength following a high-volume versus low-volume resistance exercise session.
Hackett DA. Hackett DA. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2022 Mar;62(3):395-403. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12116-4. Epub 2021 Mar 15. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2022. PMID: 33721982 Clinical Trial.
BACKGROUND: Diminished respiratory muscle strenght has been shown following a strenuous bout of sit-ups; however, there is a paucity of evidence for this effect following a strenuous upper and lower body resistance training session. ...RESULTS: Following the high-volume se …
BACKGROUND: Diminished respiratory muscle strenght has been shown following a strenuous bout of sit-ups; however, there is a paucity …
Moral injury related to immigration detention on Nauru: a qualitative study.
Passardi S, Hocking DC, Morina N, Sundram S, Alisic E. Passardi S, et al. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2022 Feb 24;13(1):2029042. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2022.2029042. eCollection 2022. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2022. PMID: 35222839 Free PMC article.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that moral injury may be one of the processes by which mandatory immigration detention can cause harm. Although refugees returned to Australia from offshore detention may benefit from interventions that specifically target moral injury, col …
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that moral injury may be one of the processes by which mandatory immigration detention can cause harm. Alth …
Workshop on Blood Loss Quantification in Obstetrics: Improving Medical Student Learning through Clinical Simulation.
Ruiz-Labarta J, Martínez Martín A, Pintado Recarte P, González Garzón B, Pina Moreno JM, Sánchez Rodríguez M, Vallejo Gea Á, Sordo L, Álvarez-Mon M, Ortega MA, Arribas CB, De León-Luis JA. Ruiz-Labarta J, et al. Healthcare (Basel). 2022 Feb 21;10(2):399. doi: 10.3390/healthcare10020399. Healthcare (Basel). 2022. PMID: 35207012 Free PMC article.
At the 6 months post-workshop stage, theoretical-practical knowledge diminished compared with 2 weeks post-workshop, returning to pre-workshop levels, while self-assurance and confidence failed to vary significantly in the longer term. ...
At the 6 months post-workshop stage, theoretical-practical knowledge diminished compared with 2 weeks post-workshop, returning
Association between Surgery, Anesthesia and Obstetric (SAO) Workforce and Emergent Surgical and Obstetric Mortality among United States Hospital Referral Regions.
Truche P, Semco RS, Hansen NF, Uribe-Leitz T, Roa L, Allar BG, Layman IB, Bergmark RW, Williams W, Md RR, McClain CD, Jarman MP, Cooper Z, Meara JG, Ortega G. Truche P, et al. Ann Surg. 2022 Feb 17. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000005421. Online ahead of print. Ann Surg. 2022. PMID: 35185128
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing SAO workforce capacity may reduce emergent surgical and obstetric mortality in regions with high surgical mortality but diminishing returns may be seen above 60 to 80 SAO per 100,000.Trial Registration: N/A....
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing SAO workforce capacity may reduce emergent surgical and obstetric mortality in regions with high surgical mortality …
Connective Tissue Disease Patients Maintain Greater Distraction During Growth Friendly Surgery.
Marrache M, Suresh KV, White KK, Larson AN, Sponseller PD; Pediatric Spine Study Group. Marrache M, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022 Feb 1;42(2):e188-e191. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002003. J Pediatr Orthop. 2022. PMID: 34995261
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated diminishing returns in patients with early onset scoliosis (EOS) undergoing repeated lengthening of growing rods. ...Moreover, when normalized for time, there was no signific …
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated diminishing returns in patients wi …
Tuberculosis Infection in Children and Adolescents: Testing and Treatment.
Nolt D, Starke JR. Nolt D, et al. Pediatrics. 2021 Dec 1;148(6):e2021054663. doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-054663. Pediatrics. 2021. PMID: 34851422
Both IGRAs and the TST have reduced sensitivity in immunocompromised children, including children with severe TB disease. Both methods have high positive predictive value when applied to children with risk factors for TBI, especially recent contact with a per …
Both IGRAs and the TST have reduced sensitivity in immunocompromised children, including children with severe TB disease. Both …
Adolescent body mass index and changes in pre-pregnancy body mass index in relation to risk of gestational diabetes.
Chodick G, Omer-Gilon M, Derazne E, Puris G, Rotem R, Tzur D, Pinhas-Hamiel O, Cukierman-Yaffe T, Shina A, Zucker I, Tirosh A, Afek A, Shalev V, Twig G. Chodick G, et al. EClinicalMedicine. 2021 Nov 19;42:101211. doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101211. eCollection 2021 Dec. EClinicalMedicine. 2021. PMID: 34849479 Free PMC article.
Adolescent BMI tracked with BMI notes in the pre-pregnancy period (r=63%). Resuming normal pre-pregnancy BMI from overweight or obesity in adolescence diminished GDM risk, but this diminished risk was not observed among those who returned to a n
Adolescent BMI tracked with BMI notes in the pre-pregnancy period (r=63%). Resuming normal pre-pregnancy BMI from overweight or obesi
The increasing cost of happiness.
Morris RW, Kettlewell N, Glozier N. Morris RW, et al. SSM Popul Health. 2021 Oct 22;16:100949. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100949. eCollection 2021 Dec. SSM Popul Health. 2021. PMID: 34746360 Free PMC article.
The accepted view among economists and psychologists is that income has diminishing marginal returns on happiness: money and happiness increase together up to a point after which there is relatively little further gain. In this paper we estimate the relationship bet …
The accepted view among economists and psychologists is that income has diminishing marginal returns on happiness: money and h …
Family's Subjective Economic Status and Children's Matrix Reasoning: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Res Health Sci. 2021 Nov 29;6(1):1-23. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v6n1p1. Epub 2020 Nov 29. Res Health Sci. 2021. PMID: 33299959
Such MDRs are also documented for the effects of economic status on the school performance of non-Hispanic Black children. However, the existing knowledge is minimal on similar diminished returns on children's intelligence. ...To minimize the ra …
Such MDRs are also documented for the effects of economic status on the school performance of non-Hispanic Black children. However, t …
Eyelid ptosis and muscle weakness in a child with Kawasaki disease: a case report.
Lin Y, Wang L, Li A, Zhang H, Shi L. Lin Y, et al. BMC Pediatr. 2021 Nov 27;21(1):526. doi: 10.1186/s12887-021-02979-4. BMC Pediatr. 2021. PMID: 34837997 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis that often occurs in children under 5 years. Ptosis and muscle weakness associated with KD are rarely documented. ...And on the 14th day, the muscle strength and muscle tension returned to normal, pate …
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis that often occurs in children under 5 years. Ptosis and muscle weakn …
Energy compensation and adiposity in humans.
Careau V, Halsey LG, Pontzer H, Ainslie PN, Andersen LF, Anderson LJ, Arab L, Baddou I, Bedu-Addo K, Blaak EE, Blanc S, Bonomi AG, Bouten CVC, Buchowski MS, Butte NF, Camps SGJA, Close GL, Cooper JA, Das SK, Cooper R, Dugas LR, Eaton SD, Ekelund U, Entringer S, Forrester T, Fudge BW, Goris AH, Gurven M, Hambly C, El Hamdouchi A, Hoos MB, Hu S, Joonas N, Joosen AM, Katzmarzyk P, Kempen KP, Kimura M, Kraus WE, Kushner RF, Lambert EV, Leonard WR, Lessan N, Martin CK, Medin AC, Meijer EP, Morehen JC, Morton JP, Neuhouser ML, Nicklas TA, Ojiambo RM, Pietiläinen KH, Pitsiladis YP, Plange-Rhule J, Plasqui G, Prentice RL, Rabinovich RA, Racette SB, Raichlen DA, Ravussin E, Reilly JJ, Reynolds RM, Roberts SB, Schuit AJ, Sjödin AM, Stice E, Urlacher SS, Valenti G, Van Etten LM, Van Mil EA, Wells JCK, Wilson G, Wood BM, Yanovski J, Yoshida T, Zhang X, Murphy-Alford AJ, Loechl CU, Luke AH, Rood J, Sagayama H, Schoeller DA, Wong WW, Yamada Y, Speakman JR; IAEA DLW database group. Careau V, et al. Curr Biol. 2021 Oct 25;31(20):4659-4666.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.08.016. Epub 2021 Aug 27. Curr Biol. 2021. PMID: 34453886 Free PMC article.
Understanding the impacts of activity on energy balance is crucial. Increasing levels of activity may bring diminishing returns in energy expenditure because of compensatory responses in non-activity energy expenditures.(1-3) This suggestion has profound implication …
Understanding the impacts of activity on energy balance is crucial. Increasing levels of activity may bring diminishing returns
Assessing the Effects of a Real-Life Contact Intervention on Prejudice Toward LGBT People.
Cramwinckel FM, Scheepers DT, Wilderjans TF, de Rooij RB. Cramwinckel FM, et al. Arch Sex Behav. 2021 Oct;50(7):3035-3051. doi: 10.1007/s10508-021-02046-0. Epub 2021 Sep 9. Arch Sex Behav. 2021. PMID: 34505215 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Participants responded positively to the intervention, especially to the LGBT educator's "coming-out story." Exploratory analysis of the video data indicated that the perceived effectiveness of the intervention was higher in groups where participants were more engaged, alt …
Participants responded positively to the intervention, especially to the LGBT educator's "coming-out story." Exploratory analysis of …
Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip Fractures (FAITH-2): The Exploratory Health-Related Quality of Life and Patient-Reported Functional Outcomes of a Multi-Centre 2 × 2 Factorial Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial in Young Femoral Neck Fracture Patients.
Slobogean GP, Sprague S, Bzovsky S, Scott T, Thabane L, Heels-Ansdell D, O'Toole RV, Howe A, Gaski GE, Hill LC, Brown KM, Viskontas D, Zomar M, Della Rocca GJ, O'Hara NN, Bhandari M; FAITH-2 Investigators. Slobogean GP, et al. Injury. 2021 Oct;52(10):3051-3059. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.02.030. Epub 2021 Feb 14. Injury. 2021. PMID: 33618847 Free article. Clinical Trial.
Although fixation preserves the hip joint, patients are still at risk of complications and poor clinical outcomes which lead to diminished function and health related quality of life (HRQL). The Fixation using Alternative Implants for the Treatment of Hip Fractures (FAITH- …
Although fixation preserves the hip joint, patients are still at risk of complications and poor clinical outcomes which lead to diminishe
A developmental perspective on personality and psychopathology across the life span.
Wilson S, Olino TM. Wilson S, et al. J Pers. 2021 Oct;89(5):915-932. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12623. Epub 2021 Feb 18. J Pers. 2021. PMID: 33550639
Cross-sectional investigations of personality-psychopathology links in samples of adults now yield diminishing returns. Prospective, longitudinal investigations that assess personality, psychopathology, and their co-development across the life span are needed to det …
Cross-sectional investigations of personality-psychopathology links in samples of adults now yield diminishing returns. Prospe …
Clinical features, neurologic recovery, and risk factors of postoperative posterior fossa syndrome and delayed recovery: a prospective study.
Khan RB, Patay Z, Klimo P, Huang J, Kumar R, Boop FA, Raches D, Conklin HM, Sharma R, Simmons A, Sadighi ZS, Onar-Thomas A, Gajjar A, Robinson GW. Khan RB, et al. Neuro Oncol. 2021 Sep 1;23(9):1586-1596. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/noab030. Neuro Oncol. 2021. PMID: 33823018 Free PMC article.
Our aim was to clinically define PFS, its evolution over time, and ascertain risk factors for its development and poor recovery. METHODS: Children with medulloblastoma treated at St Jude Children's Research Hospital from 6/2013 to 7/2019 received standardized …
Our aim was to clinically define PFS, its evolution over time, and ascertain risk factors for its development and poor recovery. METHODS: …
A 12-Year-Old Girl Presenting With Recurrent Dyspnea and Pulmonary Ground-Glass Opacities.
Qin X, Chen X, Deng Y, Gu YY, Zeng L, Huang S, Sun L, Li S. Qin X, et al. Chest. 2021 Jul;160(1):e45-e50. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.02.002. Chest. 2021. PMID: 34246388
The girl was healthy until 7.1 years of age, when she suffered a "pneumonia" with fever, dyspnea, and hypoxemia, which diminished after a 19-day treatment with antibiotics and methylprednisolone. ...She remained on a tapering dose of methylprednisolone plus methotrexate fo …
The girl was healthy until 7.1 years of age, when she suffered a "pneumonia" with fever, dyspnea, and hypoxemia, which diminished aft …
Male and Female Adolescent Athletes' Readiness to Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and Reconstruction.
Kostyun RO, Burland JP, Kostyun KJ, Milewski MD, Nissen CW. Kostyun RO, et al. Clin J Sport Med. 2021 Jul 1;31(4):383-387. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000751. Clin J Sport Med. 2021. PMID: 31743222
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether readiness to return to sport (RTS) differed between adolescent male and female athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). ...CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a longitudinal depiction o …
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether readiness to return to sport (RTS) differed between adolescent mal …
Socioeconomic status, diabetes, and gestation length in Native American and White women.
Ross KM, Oltman S, Baer R, Altman M, Flowers E, Feuer S, Gomez AM, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. Ross KM, et al. Health Psychol. 2021 Jun;40(6):380-387. doi: 10.1037/hea0001072. Health Psychol. 2021. PMID: 34323540
OBJECTIVE: "Diminishing returns" of socioeconomic status (SES) suggests that higher SES may not confer equivalent health benefits for ethnic minority individuals as compared to White individuals. ...CONCLUSIONS: Among Native American women, higher SES did not confer …
OBJECTIVE: "Diminishing returns" of socioeconomic status (SES) suggests that higher SES may not confer equivalent health benef …
Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Cerebellum Cortex Fractional Anisotropy in Pre-Adolescents.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Adolescents. 2021 Jun;1(2):70-94. doi: 10.3390/adolescents1020007. Epub 2021 Mar 31. Adolescents. 2021. PMID: 34095893
METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, we analyzed the diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (dMRI) data of 9565, 9-10-year-old pre-adolescents. ...This finding is in line with the Marginalization-related Diminished
METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, we analyzed the diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imagin …
Efficacy of topical application of autologous platelet-rich plasma in adult tonsillectomy patients: a randomised control study.
Nanditha S, Gopalakrishnan S, Karthikeyan P, Singh Bakshi S. Nanditha S, et al. J Laryngol Otol. 2021 Jun;135(6):539-544. doi: 10.1017/S0022215121000402. Epub 2021 May 14. J Laryngol Otol. 2021. PMID: 33988093 Clinical Trial.
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is a painful surgery performed in cases of recurrent tonsillitis. Application of platelet-rich plasma to diminish the pain and morbidity post-tonsillectomy is gaining importance. ...Post-tonsillectomy, patients were assessed (day 0, 1, 2, 3, 7 and …
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillectomy is a painful surgery performed in cases of recurrent tonsillitis. Application of platelet-rich plasma to diminis
Patients' views of long-term results of bariatric surgery for super-obesity: sustained effects, but continuing struggles.
Järvholm K, Olbers T, Engström M. Järvholm K, et al. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021 Jun;17(6):1152-1164. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2021.02.024. Epub 2021 Mar 2. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021. PMID: 33785271 Free article.
Most participants acknowledged a continued effect on their appetite, which could be important information for patients who worry about a diminished effect after the first year postsurgery. Participants were prone to self-blame when things did not turn out the way they want …
Most participants acknowledged a continued effect on their appetite, which could be important information for patients who worry about a …
An examination of school reopening strategies during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
Landeros A, Ji X, Lange K, Stutz TC, Xu J, Sehl ME, Sinsheimer JS. Landeros A, et al. PLoS One. 2021 May 20;16(5):e0251242. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251242. eCollection 2021. PLoS One. 2021. PMID: 34014947 Free PMC article.
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies and detection of cases are imperative in creating a safe return to school. Furthermore, consequences of reclosing recently opened scho …
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies a …
Parental Educational Attainment, the Superior Temporal Cortical Surface Area, and Reading Ability among American Children: A Test of Marginalization-Related Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Thomas A, Cobb RJ, Hudson D, Curry TJ, Nicholson HL Jr, Cuevas AG, Mistry R, Chavous TM, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2021 May 18;8(5):412. doi: 10.3390/children8050412. Children (Basel). 2021. PMID: 34070118 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that parental educational attainment is associated with a larger superior temporal cortical surface area associated with higher reading ability in children. Simultaneously, the marginalization-related diminished returns ( …
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that parental educational attainment is associated with a larger superior temporal cortical surface ar …
The point of diminishing returns in juvenile probation: Probation requirements and risk of technical probation violations among first-time probation-involved youth.
Dir AL, Magee LA, Clifton RL, Ouyang F, Tu W, Wiehe SE, Aalsma MC. Dir AL, et al. Psychol Public Policy Law. 2021 May;72(2):283-291. doi: 10.1037/law0000282. Psychol Public Policy Law. 2021. PMID: 34588760 Free PMC article.
In multivariate survival analyses, the hazard for time to technical violation was higher for Black youth compared to white youth (p<.001), males (p=.04), and younger youth (p<.001). Youth assigned to more probation requirements violated more quic …
In multivariate survival analyses, the hazard for time to technical violation was higher for Black youth compared to white youth
Early life triggers for food allergy that in turn impacts dietary habits in childhood.
Vassilopoulou E, Vardaka E, Efthymiou D, Pitsios C. Vassilopoulou E, et al. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2021 May 1;49(3):146-152. doi: 10.15586/aei.v49i3.181. eCollection 2021. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2021. PMID: 33938200
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In order to investigate food allergy's prevalence, risk factors and eating behavior of children with relevant anamnesis, a study was performed in Cypriot primary schools. ...RESULTS: For the study, 202 questionnaires were completed and …
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In order to investigate food allergy's prevalence, risk factors and eating behavior of children w …
The Influence of Quantitative Intervention Dosage on Oral Language Outcomes for Children With Developmental Language Disorder: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.
Frizelle P, Tolonen AK, Tulip J, Murphy CA, Saldana D, McKean C. Frizelle P, et al. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2021 Apr 20;52(2):738-754. doi: 10.1044/2020_LSHSS-20-00058. Epub 2021 Jan 19. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2021. PMID: 33465314
Results Two hundred forty-four articles reported on oral language interventions with children with DLD in the domains of interest; 13 focused on experimentally/statistically manipulating quantitative aspects of dosage. ...Findings to date suggest that there is a point in v …
Results Two hundred forty-four articles reported on oral language interventions with children with DLD in the domains of interest; 13 …
Overdiagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Scoping Review.
Kazda L, Bell K, Thomas R, McGeechan K, Sims R, Barratt A. Kazda L, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215335. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5335. JAMA Netw Open. 2021. PMID: 33843998 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify, appraise, and synthesize the evidence on overdiagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents using a published 5-question framework for detecting overdiagnosis in noncancer conditions. ...However, only 5 studies evaluated the cri …
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify, appraise, and synthesize the evidence on overdiagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents
Grief and Bereavement in Fathers After the Death of a Child: A Systematic Review.
McNeil MJ, Baker JN, Snyder I, Rosenberg AR, Kaye EC. McNeil MJ, et al. Pediatrics. 2021 Apr;147(4):e2020040386. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-040386. Epub 2021 Mar 1. Pediatrics. 2021. PMID: 33648950
CONTEXT: The death of a child is devastating, and complicated grief adversely impacts parental physical and psychosocial well-being. ...STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria encompassed English language articles published between 2007 and 2019 that evaluated the grief and be …
CONTEXT: The death of a child is devastating, and complicated grief adversely impacts parental physical and psychosocial well-being. …
Association of tiered restrictions and a second lockdown with COVID-19 deaths and hospital admissions in England: a modelling study.
Davies NG, Barnard RC, Jarvis CI, Russell TW, Semple MG, Jit M, Edmunds WJ; Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases COVID-19 Working Group; ISARIC4C investigators. Davies NG, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Apr;21(4):482-492. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30984-1. Epub 2020 Dec 24. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021. PMID: 33357518 Free PMC article.
A projected lockdown of greater than 4 weeks would reduce deaths but would bring diminishing returns in reducing peak pressure on hospital services. ...
A projected lockdown of greater than 4 weeks would reduce deaths but would bring diminishing returns in reducing peak pressure …
Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Mevidalen (LY3154207), a Centrally Acting Dopamine D1 Receptor-Positive Allosteric Modulator (D1PAM), in Healthy Subjects.
Wilbraham D, Biglan KM, Svensson KA, Tsai M, Kielbasa W. Wilbraham D, et al. Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2021 Apr;10(4):393-403. doi: 10.1002/cpdd.874. Epub 2020 Oct 7. Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2021. PMID: 33029934 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Acute dose-dependent increases in SBP, DBP, and PR were observed on initial administration, but with repeated dosing the effects diminished and returned toward baseline levels. Overall, these findings support further investigation of mevidalen as a potential treatme …
Acute dose-dependent increases in SBP, DBP, and PR were observed on initial administration, but with repeated dosing the effects diminish
An examination of school reopening strategies during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
Landeros A, Ji X, Lange K, Stutz TC, Xu J, Sehl ME, Sinsheimer JS. Landeros A, et al. medRxiv. 2021 Mar 19:2020.08.05.20169086. doi: 10.1101/2020.08.05.20169086. Preprint. medRxiv. 2021. PMID: 32793918 Free PMC article. Updated.
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies and detection of cases are imperative in creating a safe return to school. Furthermore, consequences of reclosing recently opened scho …
Although reopening K-12 schools for in-person schooling is desirable for many reasons, officials understand that risk reduction strategies a …
Resting-State Functional Connectivity between Putamen and Salience Network and Childhood Body Mass Index.
Assari S, Boyce S. Assari S, et al. Neurol Int. 2021 Mar 4;13(1):85-101. doi: 10.3390/neurolint13010009. Neurol Int. 2021. PMID: 33806587 Free PMC article.
Other/Mixed Race children also showed a pattern similar to Non-Hispanic Black children. ...While right putamen functional connectivity to the salience network is associated with Non-Hispanic White children's BMI, Non-Hispanic Black children' BMI …
Other/Mixed Race children also showed a pattern similar to Non-Hispanic Black children. ...While right putamen functional conn …
Sex differences in μ-opioid regulation of coerulear-cortical transmission.
Guajardo HM, Valentino RJ. Guajardo HM, et al. Neurosci Lett. 2021 Feb 16;746:135651. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2021.135651. Epub 2021 Jan 19. Neurosci Lett. 2021. PMID: 33482313 Free PMC article.
LC activation by stressors is modulated by endogenous opioids that restrain LC activation and facilitate a return to baseline activity upon stress termination. Sex differences in this opioid influence could be a basis for sex differences in stress vulnerability. ...Togethe …
LC activation by stressors is modulated by endogenous opioids that restrain LC activation and facilitate a return to baseline activit …
Developmental antecedents of social anhedonia: The roles of early temperament and sex.
Mumper EE, Finsaas MC, Goldstein BL, Gooding DC, Klein DN. Mumper EE, et al. Dev Psychopathol. 2021 Feb;33(1):363-371. doi: 10.1017/S0954579420000024. Dev Psychopathol. 2021. PMID: 32375907
This study examined whether temperament and parenting in early childhood predict social anhedonia in early adolescence. We also explored whether the relationships between early predictors and social anhedonia are moderated by a child's sex. ...The participant …
This study examined whether temperament and parenting in early childhood predict social anhedonia in early adolescence. We also explo …
Black-White Achievement Gap: Role of Race, School Urbanity, and Parental Education.
Assari S, Mardani A, Maleki M, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2021 Jan 6;12:1-11. doi: 10.2147/PHMT.S238877. eCollection 2021. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2021. PMID: 33442317 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Recent research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has documented weaker boosting effects of parental educational attainment on educational outcomes of Black than White students. ...Given that Blacks are more likely than Whites to atten …
BACKGROUND: Recent research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has documented weaker boosting effects of par …
Racism May Interrupt Age-related Brain Growth of African American Children in the United States.
Assari S, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. J Pediatr Child Health Care. 2021;6(3):1047. Epub 2021 Nov 9. J Pediatr Child Health Care. 2021. PMID: 34966911
The independent variable was the child's age treated as a continuous measure (in months). The primary outcome was global brain volume. ...Age-related growth of global brain size is diminished in African American children, whose daily lives are shaped b …
The independent variable was the child's age treated as a continuous measure (in months). The primary outcome was global brain …
Cingulo-opercular and Cingulo-parietal Brain Networks Functional Connectivity in Pre-adolescents: Multiplicative Effects of Race, Ethnicity, and Parental Education.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2021;6(2):76-99. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v6n2p76. Res Health Sci. 2021. PMID: 34734154
Race and ethnicity both showed statistically significant interactions with parental education on children's resting-state functional connectivity between CO and CP networks, suggesting that the correlation between parental education and the resting-state functional …
Race and ethnicity both showed statistically significant interactions with parental education on children's resting-state func …
Parental Education Ain't Enough: A Study of Race (Racism), Parental Education, and Children's Thalamus Volume.
Assari S, Curry TJ. Assari S, et al. J Educ Cult Stud. 2021;5(1):1-21. doi: 10.22158/jecs.v5n1p1. Epub 2020 Dec 3. J Educ Cult Stud. 2021. PMID: 34308264
PURPOSE: This study explored racial differences in the association between parental education and thalamus volume among American children. METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD), we analyzed the structural Magnetic Resonance Imagi …
PURPOSE: This study explored racial differences in the association between parental education and thalamus volume among American children
Parental Education or Household Income? Which Socioeconomic Status Indicator Can Better Reduce Body Mass Index Disparities among Latino Children?
Assari S, Malek-Ahmadi MR, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. J Econ Public Financ. 2021;7(1):19-37. doi: 10.22158/jepf.v7n1p19. J Econ Public Financ. 2021. PMID: 34307868
AIM: We compared the effects of parental education and household income on children's body mass index (BMI) in Hispanic White (HW) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) families. ...The interaction indicated weaker protective effects of high parental education on BMI in HW …
AIM: We compared the effects of parental education and household income on children's body mass index (BMI) in Hispanic White …
Parental Education and Children's Sleep Disturbance: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Int J Epidemiol Res. 2021 Winter;8(1):31-39. Int J Epidemiol Res. 2021. PMID: 34263059
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While increased parental education reduces children's sleep problems, less is known about racial variation in such protection. ...This was documented by a significant statistical interaction between race and ethnicity and parental education on …
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While increased parental education reduces children's sleep problems, less is known about racial variatio …
Effect of a mentoring program for adolescents with physical disabilities attending a therapeutic camp.
Dawson S, McCormick B, Piatt J, Knapp D, Dickinson S. Dawson S, et al. J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2021;14(2):275-284. doi: 10.3233/PRM-190673. J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2021. PMID: 34024790
PURPOSE: Youth with physical disabilities are at an elevated risk for poor psychosocial health. ...However, there is a growing criticism that the effects of such programs diminish as participants return to home and school settings post residential camp experi …
PURPOSE: Youth with physical disabilities are at an elevated risk for poor psychosocial health. ...However, there is a growing critic …
Return to work in survivors of Primary Brain Tumours treated with Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy.
Basalathullah MAR, Malik M, Valiyaveettil D, Elizabeth NB, Ahmed SF. Basalathullah MAR, et al. Cancer Treat Res Commun. 2021;26:100302. doi: 10.1016/j.ctarc.2021.100302. Epub 2021 Jan 5. Cancer Treat Res Commun. 2021. PMID: 33440331 Free article.
We did a retrospective study to assess return to work amongst the patients who underwent radiotherapy at our centre. ...'Limb weakness' (21.4%), followed by 'loss of job/ no job' (16.7%), 'fatigue'/ 'tiredness' (14.3%), 'poor vision/ diminished vision' (11.9%) were …
We did a retrospective study to assess return to work amongst the patients who underwent radiotherapy at our centre. ...'Limb weaknes …
Disordered autonomic function during exposure to moderate heat or exercise in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.
Sahai N, Bard AM, Devinsky O, Kalume F. Sahai N, et al. Neurobiol Dis. 2021 Jan;147:105154. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.105154. Epub 2020 Nov 2. Neurobiol Dis. 2021. PMID: 33144172 Free PMC article.
In the following mins of heat exposure, the temperature slowly returned close to baseline level in WT, whereas it remained elevated in DS mice. ...These effects were seen in mice with selective KO of Scn1A in GABAergic neurons. During exercise stress, there was diminish
In the following mins of heat exposure, the temperature slowly returned close to baseline level in WT, whereas it remained elevated i …
Continuous lengthening potential after four years of magnetically controlled spinal deformity correction in children with spinal muscular atrophy.
Lorenz HM, Hecker MM, Braunschweig L, Badwan B, Tsaknakis K, Hell AK. Lorenz HM, et al. Sci Rep. 2020 Dec 30;10(1):22420. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-79821-x. Sci Rep. 2020. PMID: 33380733 Free PMC article.
Additional clinical data of the complications were also analyzed. 17 children (mean age 7.4 years) were surgically treated and underwent a total of 376 lengthenings. ...Therefore, the previously described 'law of diminishing returns' could not be applied to t …
Additional clinical data of the complications were also analyzed. 17 children (mean age 7.4 years) were surgically treated and underw …
Parental Education, Household Income, and Cortical Surface Area among 9-10 Years Old Children: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Brain Sci. 2020 Dec 9;10(12):956. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10120956. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 33317053 Free PMC article.
Results: High parental education and household income were associated with larger children's whole-brain cortical surface area. The effects of high parental education and high household income on children's whole-brain cortical surface area were modifi …
Results: High parental education and household income were associated with larger children's whole-brain cortical surface area …
Nuclear numbers in syncytial muscle fibers promote size but limit the development of larger myonuclear domains.
Cramer AAW, Prasad V, Eftestøl E, Song T, Hansson KA, Dugdale HF, Sadayappan S, Ochala J, Gundersen K, Millay DP. Cramer AAW, et al. Nat Commun. 2020 Dec 8;11(1):6287. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-20058-7. Nat Commun. 2020. PMID: 33293533 Free PMC article.
We propose that as myonuclear numbers increase, the range of transcriptional return on a per nuclear basis in myofibers diminishes, which accounts for both the absolute reliance developing myofibers have on nuclear accrual to establish size, and the limits of adapta …
We propose that as myonuclear numbers increase, the range of transcriptional return on a per nuclear basis in myofibers diminishes
Parental Education, Household Income, Race, and Children's Working Memory: Complexity of the Effects.
Akhlaghipour G, Assari S. Akhlaghipour G, et al. Brain Sci. 2020 Dec 7;10(12):950. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10120950. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 33297546 Free PMC article.
Considering race as sociological rather than a biological construct (race as a proxy of racism) and built on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs), this study explored complexities of the effects of SDoHs on children's working memory. Methods. We borro …
Considering race as sociological rather than a biological construct (race as a proxy of racism) and built on Minorities' Diminished
Subjective Socioeconomic Status and Children's Amygdala Volume: Minorities' Diminish Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. NeuroSci. 2020 Dec;1(2):59-74. doi: 10.3390/neurosci1020006. Epub 2020 Oct 5. NeuroSci. 2020. PMID: 33103157
Considering race and ethnicity as sociological rather than biological constructs, this study was built on minorities' diminished returns (MDRs) to test if the effects of family SES on the total amygdala volume is weaker for black and Latino children than whit …
Considering race and ethnicity as sociological rather than biological constructs, this study was built on minorities' diminished r
Mental Rotation in American Children: Diminished Returns of Parental Education in Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Pediatr Rep. 2020 Nov 20;12(3):130-141. doi: 10.3390/pediatric12030028. Pediatr Rep. 2020. PMID: 33233814 Free PMC article.
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that, under racism and social stratification, family SES and particularly parental education show weaker effects on children's tangible outcomes for marginalized, racialized, and minoritized families, parti …
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that, under racism and social stratification, family SES and particularly parent …
American Children's Screen Time: Diminished Returns of Household Income in Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Information (Basel). 2020 Nov;11(11):538. doi: 10.3390/info11110538. Epub 2020 Nov 20. Information (Basel). 2020. PMID: 33282415
According to Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, family income and other economic resources show weaker association with children's developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for racialized groups such as black families, due to the effect …
According to Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, family income and other economic resources show weaker association …
Household Income and Children's Depressive Symptoms: Immigrants' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Int J Travel Med Glob Health. 2020 Fall;8(4):157-164. doi: 10.34172/IJTMGH.2020.27. Int J Travel Med Glob Health. 2020. PMID: 34036110
To investigate the MDRs of household income on children's depression as a function of immigration, we compared non-immigrant and immigrant children for the effect of household income on children's depressive symptoms. ...The primary outcome was …
To investigate the MDRs of household income on children's depression as a function of immigration, we compared non-immigrant a …
Parental Human Capital and Adolescents' Executive Function: Immigrants' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Med Res Arch. 2020 Oct;8(10):10.18103/mra.v8i10.2235. doi: 10.18103/mra.v8i10.2235. Epub 2020 Nov 16. Med Res Arch. 2020. PMID: 33251336 Free PMC article.
However, the existing knowledge is minimal about the role of executive function in explaining diminished returns of family SEP on adolescents' outcomes. To investigate racial differences in the effects of parental human capital on adolescents' executiv …
However, the existing knowledge is minimal about the role of executive function in explaining diminished returns of family SEP …
Caste Differences in Hypertension Among Women in India: Diminishing Health Returns to Socioeconomic Status for Lower Caste Groups.
Uddin J, Acharya S, Valles J, Baker EH, Keith VM. Uddin J, et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Oct;7(5):987-995. doi: 10.1007/s40615-020-00723-9. Epub 2020 Feb 20. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020. PMID: 32078742
INTRODUCTION: The caste system is a relatively rigid system of social hierarchy in India. The caste membership defines one's access to resources and life opportunities. A growing body of research suggests that lower caste groups have an excess burden of morbidity and morta …
INTRODUCTION: The caste system is a relatively rigid system of social hierarchy in India. The caste membership defines one's access t …
Maternal Education at Birth and Youth Breakfast Consumption at Age 15: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. J (Basel). 2020 Sep;3(3):313-323. doi: 10.3390/j3030024. Epub 2020 Sep 16. J (Basel). 2020. PMID: 33015572
BACKGROUND: Based on the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, high socioeconomic status (SES) such as parental education shows weaker effects for Blacks than Whites. ...CONCLUSIONS: Diminished returns of maternal educational att …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, high socioeconomic status (SES) such as …
A Dream Deferred: African American Women's Diminished Socioeconomic Returns of Postponing Childbearing from Teenage to Adulthood.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Reprod Med (Basel). 2020 Sep;1(2):62-76. doi: 10.3390/reprodmed1020005. Epub 2020 Jul 1. Reprod Med (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32803191
BACKGROUND: Brookings Institution has identified postponing childbirth from teenage to adulthood as a major strategy that is needed for upward social mobility of women. However, according to the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs), the associations between aspirat …
BACKGROUND: Brookings Institution has identified postponing childbirth from teenage to adulthood as a major strategy that is needed for upwa …
Parent Education and Future Transition to Cigarette Smoking: Latinos' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Front Pediatr. 2020 Aug 19;8:457. doi: 10.3389/fped.2020.00457. eCollection 2020. Front Pediatr. 2020. PMID: 32974240 Free PMC article.
Background: High parent education is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Minorities' Diminished Returns theory, however, higher parent education seems to exert less protection for the ethnic minority relative t …
Background: High parent education is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Minorities' …
ACL injury and reconstruction affect control of ground reaction forces produced during a novel task that simulates cutting movements.
Lanier AS, Knarr BA, Stergiou N, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS. Lanier AS, et al. J Orthop Res. 2020 Aug;38(8):1746-1752. doi: 10.1002/jor.24604. Epub 2020 Feb 3. J Orthop Res. 2020. PMID: 31971281 Free PMC article.
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction, biomechanical and neuromuscular control deficits persist and 25% of those who have experienced an ACL injury will experience a second ACL rupture in the first year after returning to sports. There remains a …
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction, biomechanical and neuromuscular control deficits persist and 25% of those …
Subjective Family Socioeconomic Status and Adolescents' Attention: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 23;7(8):80. doi: 10.3390/children7080080. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32718077 Free PMC article.
The existing knowledge is, however, minimal about the role of attention in explaining the diminished returns of the families' SES with regard to the adolescents' outcomes. ...Conclusion: The boosting effect of subjective family SES on attention is diminish
The existing knowledge is, however, minimal about the role of attention in explaining the diminished returns of the families' …
African American Children's Diminished Returns of Subjective Family Socioeconomic Status on Fun Seeking.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 9;7(7):75. doi: 10.3390/children7070075. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32660094 Free PMC article.
It is plausible to expect weaker protective effects of family SES on reward sensitivity in racial minorities, a pattern called Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs). Aim: We compared Caucasian and African American (AA) children for the effects of subjective f …
It is plausible to expect weaker protective effects of family SES on reward sensitivity in racial minorities, a pattern called Minorities' …
Diminished Returns of Parental Education in Terms of Youth School Performance: Ruling out Regression toward the Mean.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 Jul 7;7(7):74. doi: 10.3390/children7070074. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32645933 Free PMC article.
Similar MDRs also exist for the effects of parental education on the school performance of ethnic minority youth. AIM: To assess whether regression toward the mean (RTM) has any role in explaining the diminished effects of parental education on the school performanc …
Similar MDRs also exist for the effects of parental education on the school performance of ethnic minority youth. AIM: To assess whet …
How risk communication could have reduced controversy about school closures in Australia during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Leask J, Hooker C. Leask J, et al. Public Health Res Pract. 2020 Jun 30;30(2):3022007. doi: 10.17061/phrp3022007. Public Health Res Pract. 2020. PMID: 32601650 Free article.
In this article we analyse the factors that drove high levels of concern among parents, teachers and the public and led to both demands for school closures in late March 2020, and to many parents' reluctance to return their children to school in May 2020. We discuss …
In this article we analyse the factors that drove high levels of concern among parents, teachers and the public and led to both demands for …
Reward Responsiveness in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study: African Americans' Diminished Returns of Parental Education.
Assari S, Boyce S, Akhlaghipour G, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Brain Sci. 2020 Jun 19;10(6):391. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10060391. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 32575523 Free PMC article.
It is still unknown if some of this racial and economic gap is attributed to weaker effects of parental education for African Americans, a pattern also called minorities' diminished returns (MDRs). (2) Aim: We compared non-Hispanic White and African American adol
It is still unknown if some of this racial and economic gap is attributed to weaker effects of parental education for African Americans, a p …
Family Socioeconomic Status and Exposure to Childhood Trauma: Racial Differences.
Assari S. Assari S. Children (Basel). 2020 Jun 3;7(6):57. doi: 10.3390/children7060057. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32503310 Free PMC article.
Our existing knowledge is minimal, however, about diminished returns of family SES on reducing exposure to childhood trauma. ...CONCLUSION: The protective effects of parental education and family income against exposure to childhood trauma are systematically dimi
Our existing knowledge is minimal, however, about diminished returns of family SES on reducing exposure to childhood trauma. . …
"I Was Wrong": A Surgeon's First-Person Account of His COVID-19 Illness.
Stanford JL. Stanford JL. Am Surg. 2020 Jun;86(6):572-576. doi: 10.1177/0003134820924398. Am Surg. 2020. PMID: 32683964
After a week-and-a-half of illness, misery, and fear, he began to improve: first, his fevers diminished, breathing came more easily, and coughing spells occurred less frequently, if still unpredictably. Now with his strength slowly returning, he contemplated retu
After a week-and-a-half of illness, misery, and fear, he began to improve: first, his fevers diminished, breathing came more easily, …
Family Income and Gang Presence in the Neighborhood: Diminished Returns of Black Families.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. Urban Sci. 2020 Jun;4(2):29. doi: 10.3390/urbansci4020029. Epub 2020 Jun 24. Urban Sci. 2020. PMID: 32671278 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status, such as higher family income, show weaker protective effects on various developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for Black than White families. . …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status, such as hig …
African Americans' Diminished Returns of Parental Education on Adolescents' Depression and Suicide in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. 2020 Jun;10(2):656-668. doi: 10.3390/ejihpe10020048. Epub 2020 Jun 16. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. 2020. PMID: 32656052 Free PMC article.
To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents' depressed mood and suicidal attempts in the U.S. As proposed by the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs), …
To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents' …
Impact of a Standardized Clinical Pathway for Suspected and Confirmed Ileocolic Intussusception.
Shubin CE, Rutman LE, Stanescu AL, Vora SB, Drugas GT, Leu MG, Burns RA. Shubin CE, et al. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2020 May 28;5(3):e298. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000298. eCollection 2020 May-Jun. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2020. PMID: 32656466 Free PMC article.
METHODS: Our multidisciplinary team designed an intussusception clinical pathway and implemented it in a tertiary children's hospital ED in October 2016. Process measures included the proportion of patients who underwent abdominal radiography, had laboratory studies …
METHODS: Our multidisciplinary team designed an intussusception clinical pathway and implemented it in a tertiary children's h …
Protective Effects of Parental Education Against Youth Cigarette Smoking: Diminished Returns of Blacks and Hispanics.
Assari S, Mistry R, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2020 May 22;11:63-71. doi: 10.2147/AHMT.S238441. eCollection 2020. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2020. PMID: 32547284 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: High parental educational attainment is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, however, higher parental education is less protective for margin …
BACKGROUND: High parental educational attainment is protective against youth health risk behaviors such as tobacco use. According to …
Parental Education on Youth Inhibitory Control in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Brain Sci. 2020 May 21;10(5):312. doi: 10.3390/brainsci10050312. Brain Sci. 2020. PMID: 32455841 Free PMC article.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis that included 4188 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. ...CONCLUSION: Parental educational attainment boosts inhibitory control for NHW but not NHB youth. To minimize the racial gap …
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis that included 4188 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) s …
Minorities' Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on Adolescents' Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 May 18;7(5):49. doi: 10.3390/children7050049. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32443584 Free PMC article.
Aim: To compare racial groups for the effect of parental educational attainment on adolescents' social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 10,762 youth from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study were …
Aim: To compare racial groups for the effect of parental educational attainment on adolescents' social, emotional, and behavioral pro …
Parental Educational Attainment and Social Environmental of Urban Public Schools in the U.S.: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA, Assari S. Boyce S, et al. Children (Basel). 2020 May 10;7(5):44. doi: 10.3390/children7050044. Children (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32397657 Free PMC article.
The diminished returns of parental education in reducing school social environmental risk may explain why the effects of parental education on educational outcomes are smaller for non-Hispanic Black than non-Hispanic White youths (i.e., MDRs). The social envi …
The diminished returns of parental education in reducing school social environmental risk may explain why the effects of paren …
The impact of discharge contracture on return to work after burn injury: A Burn Model System investigation.
Pham TN, Goldstein R, Carrougher GJ, Gibran NS, Goverman J, Esselman PC, Kazis LE, Ryan CM, Schneider JC. Pham TN, et al. Burns. 2020 May;46(3):539-545. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2020.02.001. Epub 2020 Feb 20. Burns. 2020. PMID: 32088093 Free PMC article.
We performed descriptive analyses and predictive modeling to identify injury and patient factors associated with return to work (RTW) at 6, 12, and 24 months. RESULTS: A total of 1,203 participant records met criteria for study inclusion. ...Among 801 (67%) participants wh …
We performed descriptive analyses and predictive modeling to identify injury and patient factors associated with return to work (RTW) …
Longitudinal Trends in Sport Participation and Retention of Women and Girls.
Eime R, Harvey J, Charity M, Westerbeek H. Eime R, et al. Front Sports Act Living. 2020 Apr 16;2:39. doi: 10.3389/fspor.2020.00039. eCollection 2020. Front Sports Act Living. 2020. PMID: 33345031 Free PMC article.
The proportion who dropped out during the 7 year period and did not return varied with age in the converse manner, as did the proportion of single-year players. ...Strategies specifically relating to retention of girls and young women during adolescence should be de …
The proportion who dropped out during the 7 year period and did not return varied with age in the converse manner, as did the proport …
Review of injection techniques for spermatogonial stem cell transplantation.
Gul M, Hildorf S, Dong L, Thorup J, Hoffmann ER, Jensen CFS, Sønksen J, Cortes D, Fedder J, Andersen CY, Goossens E. Gul M, et al. Hum Reprod Update. 2020 Apr 15;26(3):368-391. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmaa003. Hum Reprod Update. 2020. PMID: 32163572 Review.
For this reason, several centres around the world are collecting and cryopreserving testicular tissue or cells anticipating that, in the near future, some patients will return for SSC transplantation. This review summarizes the current knowledge and utility of SSC transpla …
For this reason, several centres around the world are collecting and cryopreserving testicular tissue or cells anticipating that, in the nea …
Place-Based Diminished Returns of Parental Educational Attainment on School Performance of Non-Hispanic White Youth.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Front Educ (Lausanne). 2020 Apr;5:30. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2020.00030. Epub 2020 Apr 9. Front Educ (Lausanne). 2020. PMID: 32596626
This effect, however, is shown to be smaller for African American, Hispanic, and Asian American youth, a pattern called Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs). It is, however, unknown if it is race/ethnicity or other conditions associated with race …
This effect, however, is shown to be smaller for African American, Hispanic, and Asian American youth, a pattern called Marginalizati …
Sustainable care for children with cancer: a Lancet Oncology Commission.
Atun R, Bhakta N, Denburg A, Frazier AL, Friedrich P, Gupta S, Lam CG, Ward ZJ, Yeh JM, Allemani C, Coleman MP, Di Carlo V, Loucaides E, Fitchett E, Girardi F, Horton SE, Bray F, Steliarova-Foucher E, Sullivan R, Aitken JF, Banavali S, Binagwaho A, Alcasabas P, Antillon F, Arora RS, Barr RD, Bouffet E, Challinor J, Fuentes-Alabi S, Gross T, Hagander L, Hoffman RI, Herrera C, Kutluk T, Marcus KJ, Moreira C, Pritchard-Jones K, Ramirez O, Renner L, Robison LL, Shalkow J, Sung L, Yeoh A, Rodriguez-Galindo C. Atun R, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2020 Apr;21(4):e185-e224. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30022-X. Lancet Oncol. 2020. PMID: 32240612 Review.
At current levels of health system performance (including access and referral), 6.1 million (44.9%) of these children will be undiagnosed. Between 2020 and 2050, 11.1 million children will die from cancer if no additional investments are made to improve access to he …
At current levels of health system performance (including access and referral), 6.1 million (44.9%) of these children will be undiagn …
Parental Educational Attainment and Black-White Adolescents' Achievement Gap: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Boyce S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. Open J Soc Sci. 2020 Mar;8(3):282-297. doi: 10.4236/jss.2020.83026. Open J Soc Sci. 2020. PMID: 32368561 Free PMC article.
Diminishing returns of parental educational attainment (MDRs) may be an unrecognized source of racial youth disparities. ...There is a need for public and economic policies that reduce diminished returns of SES for Black families....
Diminishing returns of parental educational attainment (MDRs) may be an unrecognized source of racial youth disparities
The Price of the Ticket: Health Costs of Upward Mobility among African Americans.
Hudson D, Sacks T, Irani K, Asher A. Hudson D, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Feb 13;17(4):1179. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17041179. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020. PMID: 32069785 Free PMC article.
There is a growing literature that has documented diminishing health returns on upward social mobility among Black Americans. ...The sum of these stressors is posited to affect multiple health outcomes and elucidate the mechanisms through which socioeconomic retu
There is a growing literature that has documented diminishing health returns on upward social mobility among Black Americans. …
Mathematical Performance of American Youth: Diminished Returns of Educational Attainment of Asian-American Parents.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Educ Sci (Basel). 2020 Feb;10(2):32. Epub 2020 Feb 5. Educ Sci (Basel). 2020. PMID: 32201681 Free PMC article.
The Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDR) phenomenon refers to the weaker effects of parental educational attainment for marginalized groups, particularly ethnic minorities. ...Diminished returns (weaker effects of parental education in gene …
The Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDR) phenomenon refers to the weaker effects of parental educational attainmen …
Parental educational attainment and relatives' substance use of American youth: Hispanics Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Caldwell C, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. J Biosci Med (Irvine). 2020 Feb;8(2):122-134. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2020.82010. Epub 2020 Feb 28. J Biosci Med (Irvine). 2020. PMID: 32123689 Free PMC article.
OBJECTIVES: Research on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) in middle-class Hispanic and Black youth and adults. ...METHODS: Current longitudinal study used waves 1 and wave 4 data of th …
OBJECTIVES: Research on Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcoho …
Prospectively collected surgeon indications for discontinuation of a lengthening program for early-onset scoliosis.
Murphy RF, Barfield WR, St Hilaire T, Smith JT, Emans JB, Samdani A, Garg S, Sawyer JR, Pahys JM; Children’s Spine Study Group. Murphy RF, et al. Spine Deform. 2020 Feb;8(1):129-133. doi: 10.1007/s43390-020-00048-x. Epub 2020 Jan 24. Spine Deform. 2020. PMID: 31981149
INTRODUCTION: At some point after children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergo implantation of a distraction construct to control deformity and promote growth, a decision is made to discontinue lengthening. ...The most commonly cited indications for discontinuation of …
INTRODUCTION: At some point after children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergo implantation of a distraction construct to contro …
Parental Education and Nucleus Accumbens Response to Reward Anticipation: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Adv Soc Sci Cult. 2020;2(4):132-153. doi: 10.22158/assc.v2n4p132. Epub 2020 Nov 11. Adv Soc Sci Cult. 2020. PMID: 34308362
As a result of the interaction between race and SES (diminished return of SES for non-Whites), middle-class racial minority children may remain susceptible to high-risk behaviors. Disparities in high-risk behaviors in children should not be reduced to …
As a result of the interaction between race and SES (diminished return of SES for non-Whites), middle-class racial minority …
American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Children's Body Mass Index: Diminished Returns of Parental Education and Family Income.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2020;5(1):64-84. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v5n1p64. Epub 2020 Nov 24. Res Health Sci. 2020. PMID: 34308086
AIM: To compare AIAN/NHPI and NHW families for associations between parental education, family income, and children's BMI in the United States (U.S). METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation used the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) stu …
AIM: To compare AIAN/NHPI and NHW families for associations between parental education, family income, and children's BMI in t …
Dimensional Change Card Sorting of American Children: Marginalization-Related Diminished Returns of Age.
Assari S. Assari S. Child Teenagers. 2020;3(2):72-92. doi: 10.22158/ct.v3n2p72. Epub 2020 Nov 23. Child Teenagers. 2020. PMID: 33299967
BACKGROUND: While age is associated with an increase in cognitive flexibility and executive functioning as a result of normal development during childhood, less is known about the effect of racial variation in children's age-related cognitive development. The Margin …
BACKGROUND: While age is associated with an increase in cognitive flexibility and executive functioning as a result of normal development du …
Age-Related Decline in Children's Reward Sensitivity: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2020;5(3):112-128. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v5n3p112. Epub 2020 Nov 6. Res Health Sci. 2020. PMID: 33274304
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that resources and assets show weaker effects on Black children than White children. ...A significant interaction was found between race and age when it comes to children's reward sensitivity. …
Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) suggest that resources and assets show weaker effects on Black children than Whit …
Prefrontal Cortex Response to Threat: Race by Age Variation in 9-10 Year Old Children.
Assari S, Akhlaghipour G, Saqib M, Boyce S, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. J Ment Health Clin Psychol. 2020;4(4):1-12. doi: 10.29245/2578-2959/2020/4.1209. Epub 2020 Oct 12. J Ment Health Clin Psychol. 2020. PMID: 33241232
We explored racial heterogeneities in the association between age and PFC response to threat by comparing Black and White children. METHODS: This study used the task-based functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) data from the Adolescents Brain Cognitive Develop …
We explored racial heterogeneities in the association between age and PFC response to threat by comparing Black and White children. M …
Youth Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems in the ABCD Study: Minorities' Diminished Returns of Family Income.
Assari S. Assari S. J Econ Public Financ. 2020;6(4):1-19. doi: 10.22158/jepf.v6n4p1. Epub 2020 Oct 10. J Econ Public Financ. 2020. PMID: 33123624
Our existing knowledge is minimal about diminished returns of family income on parental reports of youth social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. ...CONCLUSION: The protective effects of family income against behavioral problems are systematically dimin
Our existing knowledge is minimal about diminished returns of family income on parental reports of youth social, emotio …
Protective Effects of Maternal Education against Low Birth Weight Deliveries: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Res Health Sci. 2020;5(4):1-17. doi: 10.22158/rhs.v5n4p1. Epub 2020 Sep 15. Res Health Sci. 2020. PMID: 33117952
That is, smaller protective effects of maternal education on reducing LBW for Black than White children contribute to the high prevalence of chronic diseases among adolescents in urban settings. Health disparities are not just due to racial differences in socioecono …
That is, smaller protective effects of maternal education on reducing LBW for Black than White children contribute to the high preval …
College Graduation and Wealth Accumulation: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. World J Educ Res. 2020;7(3):1-18. doi: 10.22158/wjer.v7n3p1. Epub 2020 Jun 28. World J Educ Res. 2020. PMID: 32802944
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status (SES), such as high maternal educational attainment, show weaker protective effects on various developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes for Black …
BACKGROUND: Based on the Minorities' Diminished Returns (MDRs) framework, indicators of high socioeconomic status (SES), such …
Parental Education and Spanking of American Children: Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. World J Educ Res. 2020;7(3):19-44. doi: 10.22158/wjer.v7n3p19. World J Educ Res. 2020. PMID: 32734000
Limited knowledge exists on MDRs of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the mother. AIMS: Built on the MDRs framework, we tested the hypothesis of whether the effect of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the …
Limited knowledge exists on MDRs of parental education on the child's exposure to spanking by the mother. AIMS: Built on the M …
Workforce Issues in Pediatric Ophthalmology.
Bernstein BK, Nelson LB. Bernstein BK, et al. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020 Jan 1;57(1):9-11. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20191101-01. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2020. PMID: 31972034 Review.
Of those fellows who do match in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, many are international medical graduates who often return to their native countries to practice, further diminishing the supply of pediatric ophthalmologists in the United States. In previous s …
Of those fellows who do match in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, many are international medical graduates who often return to …
The effects of aversive-to-appetitive counterconditioning on implicit and explicit fear memory.
Keller NE, Dunsmoor JE. Keller NE, et al. Learn Mem. 2019 Dec 16;27(1):12-19. doi: 10.1101/lm.050740.119. Print 2020 Jan. Learn Mem. 2019. PMID: 31843978 Free PMC article.
., category exemplars) from one category were then extinguished, while stimuli from the other category were paired with a positive outcome. Participants returned 24-h later for a test of skin conductance responses (SCR) to the conditioned exemplars, as well as a surprise r …
., category exemplars) from one category were then extinguished, while stimuli from the other category were paired with a positive outcome. …
Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest After Traffic Accidents and Termination of Resuscitation.
Shibahashi K, Sugiyama K, Hamabe Y. Shibahashi K, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2020 Jan;75(1):57-65. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.05.036. Epub 2019 Jul 18. Ann Emerg Med. 2020. PMID: 31327568
All patients with favorable neurologic outcomes had out-of-hospital return of spontaneous circulation, and the duration of CPR was significantly shorter than for those with unfavorable neurologic outcomes (4 versus 23 minutes; absolute difference -21.9 minutes; 95% confide …
All patients with favorable neurologic outcomes had out-of-hospital return of spontaneous circulation, and the duration of CPR was si …
A typology of social capital and its mixed blessing for suicidal ideation: A multilevel study of college students.
Peng S, Yang XY, Rockett IRH. Peng S, et al. Soc Sci Med. 2019 Dec;243:112640. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112640. Epub 2019 Oct 22. Soc Sci Med. 2019. PMID: 31665656
We hypothesize not all dimensions of social capital protect individuals from suicidal ideation, and the beneficial return from some types also gradually diminishes. METHODS: We conducted a hierarchical ordinal regression analysis of combined samples of university st …
We hypothesize not all dimensions of social capital protect individuals from suicidal ideation, and the beneficial return from some t …
Socioeconomic Status, Preeclampsia Risk and Gestational Length in Black and White Women.
Ross KM, Dunkel Schetter C, McLemore MR, Chambers BD, Paynter RA, Baer R, Feuer SK, Flowers E, Karasek D, Pantell M, Prather AA, Ryckman K, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L. Ross KM, et al. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019 Dec;6(6):1182-1191. doi: 10.1007/s40615-019-00619-3. Epub 2019 Jul 31. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019. PMID: 31368002 Free article.
BACKGROUND: Higher socioeconomic status (SES) has less impact on cardio-metabolic disease and preterm birth risk among Black women compared to White women, an effect called "diminishing returns." No studies have tested whether this also occurs for pregnancy cardio-m …
BACKGROUND: Higher socioeconomic status (SES) has less impact on cardio-metabolic disease and preterm birth risk among Black women compared …
Association Between Parental Educational Attainment and Youth Outcomes and Role of Race/Ethnicity.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Bazargan M. Assari S, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Nov 1;2(11):e1916018. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16018. JAMA Netw Open. 2019. PMID: 31755951 Free PMC article.
IMPORTANCE: The concept of minorities' diminished returns refers to the smaller protective effects of educational attainment for racial and ethnic minority groups compared with those for majority groups. ...The result is an increased health risk in youth from …
IMPORTANCE: The concept of minorities' diminished returns refers to the smaller protective effects of educational attainment f …
Females Decrease Vertical Ground Reaction Forces Following 4-Week Jump-Landing Feedback Intervention Without Negative Affect on Vertical Jump Performance.
Ericksen HM, Lefevre C, Luc-Harkey BA, Thomas AC, Gribble PA, Pietrosimone B. Ericksen HM, et al. J Sport Rehabil. 2019 Nov 1;28(8):866-870. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2018-0140. J Sport Rehabil. 2019. PMID: 30300051 Clinical Trial.
The feedback group participated in 12 sessions over the 4-week period consisting of feedback provided for 6 sets of 6 jumps off a 30-cm box. The control group was instructed to return to the lab 28 days following the baseline measurements. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change sco …
The feedback group participated in 12 sessions over the 4-week period consisting of feedback provided for 6 sets of 6 jumps off a 30-cm box. …
Unequal Protective Effects of Parental Educational Attainment on the Body Mass Index of Black and White Youth.
Assari S, Boyce S, Bazargan M, Mincy R, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Sep 27;16(19):3641. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16193641. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019. PMID: 31569829 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: Parental educational attainment is shown to be protective against health problems; the Minorities' Diminished Returns theory, however, posits that these protective effects tend to be smaller for socially marginalized groups particularly blacks than white …
BACKGROUND: Parental educational attainment is shown to be protective against health problems; the Minorities' Diminished Returns
Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods in Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Single Center Study With a Minimum of 2-Year-Follow up and Preliminary Results After Converting Surgery.
Lampe LP, Schulze Bövingloh A, Gosheger G, Schulte TL, Lange T. Lampe LP, et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Sep 1;44(17):1201-1210. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003048. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019. PMID: 30985569
Correction of major curve is possible during IS und CS. The law of diminishing returns applies during the period of lengthening. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4....
Correction of major curve is possible during IS und CS. The law of diminishing returns applies during the period of lengthenin …
Parental Educational Attainment and Chronic Medical Conditions among American Youth; Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Bazargan M, Caldwell C. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2019 Aug 26;6(9):96. doi: 10.3390/children6090096. Children (Basel). 2019. PMID: 31454956 Free PMC article.
While White youth who are from highly educated families are most healthy, Black and Hispanic youth from highly educated families remain at higher risk for CMCs. ...Economic, social, public, and health policy makers should be aware that health disparities are not all …
While White youth who are from highly educated families are most healthy, Black and Hispanic youth from highly educated famili …
Technical and scale efficiency of provincial health systems in China: a bootstrapping data envelopment analysis.
Chai P, Zhang Y, Zhou M, Liu S, Kinfu Y. Chai P, et al. BMJ Open. 2019 Aug 5;9(8):e027539. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027539. BMJ Open. 2019. PMID: 31383699 Free PMC article.
The objective of this study is to examine the efficiency of China's health system and to understand the underlying causes of the variation in efficiency across provinces. ...CONCLUSIONS: Given the pervasive nature of diminishing returns across provinces, heal …
The objective of this study is to examine the efficiency of China's health system and to understand the underlying causes of the vari …
Hamstring Muscle Activity After Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction-A Protective Mechanism in Those Who Do Not Sustain a Secondary Injury? A Preliminary Study.
Palmieri-Smith RM, Strickland M, Lepley LK. Palmieri-Smith RM, et al. Sports Health. 2019 Jul/Aug;11(4):316-323. doi: 10.1177/1941738119852630. Epub 2019 Jun 13. Sports Health. 2019. PMID: 31194624 Free PMC article.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Fourteen individuals that were returned to play post-ACLR and 7 non-ACL-injured individuals participated. ...CONCLUSION: Quadriceps muscle activity during landing was diminished in all ACL participants as compared with participan …
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Fourteen individuals that were returned to play post-ACLR and 7 non-ACL-injured individuals part …
Effects of surgical targeting in laser interstitial thermal therapy for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: A multicenter study of 234 patients.
Wu C, Jermakowicz WJ, Chakravorti S, Cajigas I, Sharan AD, Jagid JR, Matias CM, Sperling MR, Buckley R, Ko A, Ojemann JG, Miller JW, Youngerman B, Sheth SA, McKhann GM, Laxton AW, Couture DE, Popli GS, Smith A, Mehta AD, Ho AL, Halpern CH, Englot DJ, Neimat JS, Konrad PE, Neal E, Vale FL, Holloway KL, Air EL, Schwalb J, Dawant BM, D'Haese PF. Wu C, et al. Epilepsia. 2019 Jun;60(6):1171-1183. doi: 10.1111/epi.15565. Epub 2019 May 21. Epilepsia. 2019. PMID: 31112302 Free PMC article.
Based on our model, ablations must prioritize the amygdala and also include the hippocampal head, parahippocampal gyrus, and rhinal cortices to maximize chances of seizure freedom. Extending the ablation posteriorly has diminishing returns. Further work is necessary …
Based on our model, ablations must prioritize the amygdala and also include the hippocampal head, parahippocampal gyrus, and rhinal cortices …
The Baby Moves smartphone app for General Movements Assessment: Engagement amongst extremely preterm and term-born infants in a state-wide geographical study.
Kwong AK, Eeles AL, Olsen JE, Cheong JL, Doyle LW, Spittle AJ. Kwong AK, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019 May;55(5):548-554. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14240. Epub 2018 Oct 4. J Paediatr Child Health. 2019. PMID: 30288823
RESULTS: The parents of 451 infants (226 EP/ELBW; 225 control) were recruited; 416 (204 EP/ELBW; 212 control) downloaded Baby Moves, and 346 (158 EP/ELBW; 188 control) returned at least one scorable video for remote GMA. Fewer EP/ELBW families submitted a scorable video th …
RESULTS: The parents of 451 infants (226 EP/ELBW; 225 control) were recruited; 416 (204 EP/ELBW; 212 control) downloaded Baby Moves, and 346 …
Treatment of early onset spinal deformities with magnetically controlled growing rods: a single centre experience of 30 cases.
Studer D, Heidt C, Büchler P, Hasler CC. Studer D, et al. J Child Orthop. 2019 Apr 1;13(2):196-205. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.13.180203. J Child Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30996745 Free PMC article.
RESULTS: There were 12 documented complications in 11/30 (37%) patients leading to 13 unplanned returns to the operating room. In all, 18/30 patients had a minimum follow-up of two years. ...Gain in implant length decreased with increasing number of extensions. CONCLUSION: …
RESULTS: There were 12 documented complications in 11/30 (37%) patients leading to 13 unplanned returns to the operating room. In all …
Decreasing Resource Utilization Using Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans (SCAMPs).
Luther G, Miller PE, Mahan ST, Waters PM, Bae DS. Luther G, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr;39(4):169-174. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000873. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30839474
BACKGROUND: Standardized clinical assessment and management plans (SCAMPs) are a novel quality improvement initiative shown to improve patient care, diminish practice variation, and reduce resource utilization. Unlike clinical practice guidelines, a SCAMP is a flexible alg …
BACKGROUND: Standardized clinical assessment and management plans (SCAMPs) are a novel quality improvement initiative shown to improve patie …
Understanding the Workplace Interactions of Young Adult Cancer Survivors With Occupational and Environmental Health Professionals.
Stone DS, Pavlish CL, Ganz PA, Thomas EA, Casillas JN, Robbins WA. Stone DS, et al. Workplace Health Saf. 2019 Apr;67(4):179-188. doi: 10.1177/2165079918812482. Epub 2019 Jan 4. Workplace Health Saf. 2019. PMID: 30608021
However, progressive health changes because of cancer may compromise safety and diminish functional ability. The purpose of this study was to describe long-term young adult cancer survivors' work experiences and describe their interactions with occupational and environment …
However, progressive health changes because of cancer may compromise safety and diminish functional ability. The purpose of this stud …
Use of Magnetic Spinal Growth Rods (MCGR) With and Without Preoperative Halo-gravity Traction (HGT) for the Treatment of Severe Early-onset Scoliosis (EOS).
Welborn MC, Krajbich JI, D'Amato C. Welborn MC, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Apr;39(4):e293-e297. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001282. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 30475319
Magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) hardware complications are common with a 27.8% to 46.7% revision rate in under 2 years. Loss of correction and diminishing returns are the norm. Treatment of severe scoliosis with halo-gravity traction (HGT) before MCGR has …
Magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) hardware complications are common with a 27.8% to 46.7% revision rate in under 2 years. Loss of c …
Family Socioeconomic Position at Birth and School Bonding at Age 15; Blacks' Diminished Returns.
Assari S. Assari S. Behav Sci (Basel). 2019 Mar 11;9(3):26. doi: 10.3390/bs9030026. Behav Sci (Basel). 2019. PMID: 30861987 Free PMC article.
Life course epidemiological studies have documented the effects of family socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth on youth developmental processes and outcomes decades later. According to the minorities' diminished returns (MDR) theory, however, family SEP at b …
Life course epidemiological studies have documented the effects of family socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth on youth developmenta …
Parental Educational Attainment Differentially Boosts School Performance of American Adolescents: Minorities' Diminished Returns.
Assari S, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. J Family Reprod Health. 2019 Mar;13(1):7-13. J Family Reprod Health. 2019. PMID: 31850092 Free PMC article.
We still know very little about diminished trans-generational returns of SES resources such as parental educational attainment. ...As the underlying mechanisms are multifaceted, multi-level approach is needed to undo minorities' diminished returns, so …
We still know very little about diminished trans-generational returns of SES resources such as parental educational attainment …
Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers.
Kraft TS, Venkataraman VV, Tacey I, Dominy NJ, Endicott KM. Kraft TS, et al. Hum Nat. 2019 Mar;30(1):71-97. doi: 10.1007/s12110-018-9334-2. Hum Nat. 2019. PMID: 30552578
The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but social egalitarianism may diminish this pathway. Here we introduce a mixed longitudinal/cross-sectional dataset based on 45 years of re …
The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but so …
The dynamical signature of anhedonia in major depressive disorder: positive emotion dynamics, reactivity, and recovery.
Heininga VE, Dejonckheere E, Houben M, Obbels J, Sienaert P, Leroy B, van Roy J, Kuppens P. Heininga VE, et al. BMC Psychiatry. 2019 Feb 8;19(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12888-018-1983-5. BMC Psychiatry. 2019. PMID: 30736751 Free PMC article.
The cardinal features of MDD are depressed mood and anhedonia. Anhedonia is defined as a "markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities of the day", and has generally been investigated on group-level using retrospective data (e.g. via questionn …
The cardinal features of MDD are depressed mood and anhedonia. Anhedonia is defined as a "markedly diminished interest or pleasure in …
Inhibition, shifting and updating in relation to psychometric intelligence across ability groups in the psychiatric population.
Biesmans KE, van Aken L, Frunt EMJ, Wingbermühle PAM, Egger JIM. Biesmans KE, et al. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2019 Feb;63(2):149-160. doi: 10.1111/jir.12559. Epub 2018 Nov 7. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2019. PMID: 30403315 Free PMC article.
It is hypothesised that the strength of the relation between intelligence and the three EFs decreases when the level of intelligence increases, in accordance with Spearman's Law of Diminishing Returns. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, between and within subject …
It is hypothesised that the strength of the relation between intelligence and the three EFs decreases when the level of intelligence increas …
Robust interferon signature and suppressed tissue repair gene expression in synovial tissue from patients with postinfectious, Borrelia burgdorferi-induced Lyme arthritis.
Lochhead RB, Arvikar SL, Aversa JM, Sadreyev RI, Strle K, Steere AC. Lochhead RB, et al. Cell Microbiol. 2019 Feb;21(2):e12954. doi: 10.1111/cmi.12954. Epub 2018 Oct 17. Cell Microbiol. 2019. PMID: 30218476 Free PMC article.
Synovium from postinfectious LA and other inflammatory arthritides shared gene signatures associated with antigen presentation, innate immune responses, and cell-mediated immune activation, whereas these responses were diminished in OA synovium. Unique to postinfectious LA …
Synovium from postinfectious LA and other inflammatory arthritides shared gene signatures associated with antigen presentation, innate immun …
Functional Outcomes Following Operative Treatment of Tibial Tubercle Fractures.
Riccio AI, Tulchin-Francis K, Hogue GD, Wimberly RL, Gill CS, Collins D, Karol LA. Riccio AI, et al. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 Feb;39(2):e108-e113. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001087. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019. PMID: 29016428
BACKGROUND: Quantitative evaluation of the functional results of surgically managed tibial tubercle fractures in adolescents is unreported in the orthopaedic literature. METHODS: All patients treated surgically for unilateral tibial tubercle fractures at a single instituti …
BACKGROUND: Quantitative evaluation of the functional results of surgically managed tibial tubercle fractures in adolescents is unrep …
Family Income at Birth and Risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder at Age 15: Racial Differences.
Assari S, Caldwell CH. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2019 Jan 14;6(1):10. doi: 10.3390/children6010010. Children (Basel). 2019. PMID: 30646634 Free PMC article.
Methods: The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS, 1998-2016) is a longitudinal prospective study of urban youth from birth to age 15. ...As racism is multi-level, multi-level interventions are needed to tackle diminished returns of SES... …
Methods: The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS, 1998-2016) is a longitudinal prospective study of urban youth
Safe and sound? Exploring parents' perceptions of neighborhood safety at the nexus of race and socioeconomic status.
Henry DA, Miller P, Votruba-Drzal E, Parr AK. Henry DA, et al. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2019;57:281-313. doi: 10.1016/bs.acdb.2019.05.001. Epub 2019 Jun 20. Adv Child Dev Behav. 2019. PMID: 31296319
In particular, Black-White differences in proximity to spatial (dis)advantage may have serious implications for young children's health and well-being. Yet, little research has directly explored how race and family economic status shape children's fami …
In particular, Black-White differences in proximity to spatial (dis)advantage may have serious implications for young children's
Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation.
Kavle JA, Pacqué M, Dalglish S, Mbombeshayi E, Anzolo J, Mirindi J, Tosha M, Safari O, Gibson L, Straubinger S, Bachunguye R. Kavle JA, et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2019 Jan;15 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e12725. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12725. Matern Child Nutr. 2019. PMID: 30748116 Free PMC article.
Study findings reveal most mothers reported diminished quantity and quality of breastmilk linked to child/maternal illness, inadequate maternal diet, and feedings spaced too far apart. ...Moreover, children's diets are largely limited in frequency and …
Study findings reveal most mothers reported diminished quantity and quality of breastmilk linked to child/maternal illness, in …
Emotions experienced during the shedding of the first primary tooth.
Patcas R, Daum MM, van Waes HJM, Beltrani S, Pfister LT, Landolt MA. Patcas R, et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019 Jan;29(1):22-28. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12427. Epub 2018 Sep 15. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019. PMID: 30218480
DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire was directed to parents of children who had recently shed at least one primary tooth. Primary outcome variables were the child's emotions at the time of exfoliation. ...Dental visits and parental factors influence these …
DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire was directed to parents of children who had recently shed at least one primary tooth. Primary …
Severity Adjusted Risk of Long-term Adverse Sequelae Among Children With Osteomyelitis.
Vorhies JS, Lindsay EA, Tareen NG, Kellum RJ, Jo CH, Copley LA. Vorhies JS, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Jan;38(1):26-31. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002044. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019. PMID: 29742649
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the risk for long-term, adverse outcomes among children with osteomyelitis. METHODS: Children with osteomyelitis were prospectively enrolled from 2012 to 2014. ...A comparison cohort analysis was performe …
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the risk for long-term, adverse outcomes among children with osteomyeli …
Age at last screening and remaining lifetime risk of cervical cancer in older, unvaccinated, HPV-negative women: a modelling study.
Malagón T, Kulasingam S, Mayrand MH, Ogilvie G, Smith L, Bouchard C, Gotlieb W, Franco EL. Malagón T, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2018 Dec;19(12):1569-1578. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30536-9. Epub 2018 Nov 1. Lancet Oncol. 2018. PMID: 30392810
INTERPRETATION: Cervical cancer risk reductions might be achieved by screening with cytology up to age 75 years, although with diminishing returns. A negative exit oncogenic HPV test or negative HPV test plus cytology correlates with a low remaining lifetime cervica …
INTERPRETATION: Cervical cancer risk reductions might be achieved by screening with cytology up to age 75 years, although with diminishin
Maximal Force Generated by Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods Decreases With Rod Lengthening.
Poon S, Spencer HT, Fayssoux RS, Sever R, Cho RH. Poon S, et al. Spine Deform. 2018 Nov-Dec;6(6):787-790. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2018.03.009. Spine Deform. 2018. PMID: 30348359
One potential negative consequences of growing rod treatments is the law of diminishing returns, where the spine length gained decrease with each subsequent lengthening. ...CONCLUSION: There is a small but statistically significant decrease in the maximal force gene …
One potential negative consequences of growing rod treatments is the law of diminishing returns, where the spine length gained …
Choosing the anesthetic and sedative drugs for supraventricular tachycardia ablations: A focused review.
Vladinov G, Fermin L, Longini R, Ramos Y, Maratea E Jr. Vladinov G, et al. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2018 Nov;41(11):1555-1563. doi: 10.1111/pace.13511. Epub 2018 Oct 17. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2018. PMID: 30251322 Review.
Similar findings were reported by investigators with propofol, except for ectopic atrial tachycardia in children, which remained un-inducible in one of the studies. Remifentanil and dexmedetomidine lengthened both sinus cycle and AV conduction. Dexmedetomidine increased th …
Similar findings were reported by investigators with propofol, except for ectopic atrial tachycardia in children, which remained un-i …
The Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cardiovascular System in the Diagnostic Work-Up of Patients With Turner Syndrome.
Obara-Moszynska M, Rajewska-Tabor J, Rozmiarek S, Karmelita-Katulska K, Kociemba A, Rabska-Pietrzak B, Janus M, Siniawski A, Mrozinski B, Graczyk-Szuster A, Niedziela M, Pyda M. Obara-Moszynska M, et al. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018 Oct 16;9:609. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00609. eCollection 2018. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018. PMID: 30459711 Free PMC article.
The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR) as diagnostics in children and adolescents with TS. Forty-one females with TS, aged 13.9 2.2 years, were studied. ...The lef …
The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR …
Is in-toing gait physiological in children? - Results of a large cohort study in 5910 healthy (pre-) school children.
Verch R, Hirschmüller A, Müller J, Baur H, Mayer F, Müller S. Verch R, et al. Gait Posture. 2018 Oct;66:70-75. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.08.019. Epub 2018 Aug 20. Gait Posture. 2018. PMID: 30170136
Although it has been shown that the FPA changes over the course of a child's development, reference values for the normal FPA-range are lacking. ...SIGNIFICANCE: Percentile values indicate a wide FPA range in children. FPA development in young children
Although it has been shown that the FPA changes over the course of a child's development, reference values for the normal FPA- …
Impacts of variants of uncertain significance on parental perceptions of children after prenatal chromosome microarray testing.
Desai P, Haber H, Bulafka J, Russell A, Clifton R, Zachary J, Lee S, Feng T, Wapner R, Monk C, Chung WK. Desai P, et al. Prenat Diagn. 2018 Sep;38(10):740-747. doi: 10.1002/pd.5323. Epub 2018 Jul 24. Prenat Diagn. 2018. PMID: 29956345 Free PMC article.
METHODS: Parents (n = 138) of 83 children who underwent prenatal chromosomal microarray testing completed questionnaires assessing perception of children's development, parent-child attachment, parental mood, parenting competence, martial satisfaction, …
METHODS: Parents (n = 138) of 83 children who underwent prenatal chromosomal microarray testing completed questionnaires assessing pe …
Using Bradford's law of scattering to identify the core journals of pediatric surgery.
Desai N, Veras L, Gosain A. Desai N, et al. J Surg Res. 2018 Sep;229:90-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2018.03.062. Epub 2018 Apr 17. J Surg Res. 2018. PMID: 29937022
BACKGROUND: Bradford's law of scattering defines an exponentially diminishing return when extending a search for references in journals and can be used to identify the "core" journals in a field. ...We analyzed 58,310 references (top 20 journals) cited by ped …
BACKGROUND: Bradford's law of scattering defines an exponentially diminishing return when extending a search for refere …
The Effects of a Couples-Based Health Behavior Intervention During Pregnancy on Latino Couples' Dyadic Satisfaction Postpartum.
Coop Gordon K, Roberson PNE, Hughes JA, Khaddouma AM, Swamy GK, Noonan D, Gonzalez AM, Fish L, Pollak KI. Coop Gordon K, et al. Fam Process. 2018 Sep;57(3):629-648. doi: 10.1111/famp.12354. Epub 2018 Mar 30. Fam Process. 2018. PMID: 29603202 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about the postpartum period for Latino couples, a rapidly growing ethnic group who are notably underserved by mental and physical health caregivers …
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about t …
Performance of the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Protocol Validity Indices.
Manderino LM, Gunstad J. Manderino LM, et al. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2018 Aug 1;33(5):596-605. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acx102. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2018. PMID: 29088321
However, if baseline scores are not accurately representative of abilities, the utility of post-injury score comparison is diminished. For this reason, ImPACT includes low score thresholds on five validity indices to identify insufficient effort at baseline, though evidenc …
However, if baseline scores are not accurately representative of abilities, the utility of post-injury score comparison is diminished
Benefits of an increased prosthetic ankle range of motion for individuals with a trans-tibial amputation walking with a new prosthetic foot.
Heitzmann DWW, Salami F, De Asha AR, Block J, Putz C, Wolf SI, Alimusaj M. Heitzmann DWW, et al. Gait Posture. 2018 Jul;64:174-180. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.06.022. Epub 2018 Jun 11. Gait Posture. 2018. PMID: 29913354
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trans-tibial amputation show a greater peak prosthetic ankle power (push- off) when using energy storing and returning (ESAR) prosthetic feet as compared to solid-ankle cushion-heel feet. ...To improve ankle motion, articulating prosthetic feet …
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trans-tibial amputation show a greater peak prosthetic ankle power (push- off) when using energy storing and …
Poverty Status and Childhood Asthma in White and Black Families: National Survey of Children's Health.
Assari S, Moghani Lankarani M. Assari S, et al. Healthcare (Basel). 2018 Jun 12;6(2):62. doi: 10.3390/healthcare6020062. Healthcare (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29895767 Free PMC article.
Background: Living above the poverty line reduces the risk of physical illnesses, including childhood asthma (CA). Minorities’ Diminished Return theory, however, suggests that the protective effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on health are weaker for ra …
Background: Living above the poverty line reduces the risk of physical illnesses, including childhood asthma (CA). Minorities’ …
Family Income Reduces Risk of Obesity for White but Not Black Children.
Assari S. Assari S. Children (Basel). 2018 Jun 10;5(6):73. doi: 10.3390/children5060073. Children (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29890778 Free PMC article.
Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the National Survey of Children&rsquo;s Health (NSCH), 2003-2004, a nationally representative survey in the United States. ...Policies should go beyond access to SES and address structural barriers in the lives …
Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the National Survey of Children&rsquo;s Health (NSCH), 2003-2004, a nat …
Household Income and Children's Unmet Dental Care Need; Blacks' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Hani N. Assari S, et al. Dent J (Basel). 2018 Jun 4;6(2):17. doi: 10.3390/dj6020017. Dent J (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29867015 Free PMC article.
To test whether Minorities' Diminished Return theory holds for unmet dental care needs (DCN), we investigated Black-White differences in the effects of family income on unmet DCN among children. Methods: Data from the National Survey of Children's
To test whether Minorities' Diminished Return theory holds for unmet dental care needs (DCN), we investigated Black-White diff …
Costs and cost-effectiveness of malaria reactive case detection using loop-mediated isothermal amplification compared to microscopy in the low transmission setting of Aceh Province, Indonesia.
Zelman BW, Baral R, Zarlinda I, Coutrier FN, Sanders KC, Cotter C, Herdiana H, Greenhouse B, Shretta R, Gosling RD, Hsiang MS. Zelman BW, et al. Malar J. 2018 Jun 1;17(1):220. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2361-y. Malar J. 2018. PMID: 29859081 Free PMC article.
Compared to microscopy, the use of LAMP in RACD was more costly but more cost-effective for the detection of infections, with diminishing returns observed when findings were extrapolated to scenarios with higher prevalence of infection using more sensitive diagnosti …
Compared to microscopy, the use of LAMP in RACD was more costly but more cost-effective for the detection of infections, with diminishing
Vascular characteristics in young women-Effect of extensive endurance training or a sedentary lifestyle.
Bjarnegård N, Länne T, Cinthio M, Ekstrand J, Hedman K, Nylander E, Henriksson J. Bjarnegård N, et al. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2018 Jun;223(2):e13041. doi: 10.1111/apha.13041. Epub 2018 Feb 19. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2018. PMID: 29359513 Free article.

Synthesized aortic augmentation index (AI@75) was lower among ATH than among CTR (-12.8 1.6 vs -2.6 1.2%, P < .001) and in WBA than in RUN (-16.4 2.5 vs -10.7 2.0%, P < .05), suggesting a diminished return of reflection waves to the aorta during systole. Carot

Synthesized aortic augmentation index (AI@75) was lower among ATH than among CTR (-12.8 1.6 vs -2.6 1.2%, P < .001) and in WBA than in RU

Family Structure and Subsequent Anxiety Symptoms; Minorities' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Zimmerman MA. Assari S, et al. Brain Sci. 2018 May 31;8(6):97. doi: 10.3390/brainsci8060097. Brain Sci. 2018. PMID: 29857488 Free PMC article.
Methods: Flint Adolescents Study (FAS), 1994-2012, followed 359 youth (ages 13 to 17, 295 African American and 64 Whites) for 18 years. ...Diminished return of SEP is one of many underlying mechanisms involved in shaping racial and ethnic disparities i …
Methods: Flint Adolescents Study (FAS), 1994-2012, followed 359 youth (ages 13 to 17, 295 African American and 64 Whites) for …
Diminished Economic Return of Socioeconomic Status for Black Families.
Assari S. Assari S. Soc Sci (Basel). 2018 May;7(5):74. doi: 10.3390/socsci7050074. Epub 2018 May 2. Soc Sci (Basel). 2018. PMID: 32832108 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: According to the Minorities' Diminished Return theory, socioeconomic status (SES) systemically generates larger gains for Whites compared to Blacks. ...These differential gains were independent of family structure, mother age, and child gender. CO …
BACKGROUND: According to the Minorities' Diminished Return theory, socioeconomic status (SES) systemically generates larger ga …
Family Socioeconomic Status at Birth and Youth Impulsivity at Age 15; Blacks' Diminished Return.
Assari S, Caldwell CH, Mincy R. Assari S, et al. Children (Basel). 2018 May 1;5(5):58. doi: 10.3390/children5050058. Children (Basel). 2018. PMID: 29724004 Free PMC article.
To test the relevance of Minorities’ Diminished Return theory for youth impulsivity, we investigated Black-White differences in the effects of family SES at birth on subsequent youth impulsivity at age 15. ...Blacks&rsquo; diminished
To test the relevance of Minorities’ Diminished Return theory for youth impulsivity, we investigated Black-Wh …
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis: past and present.
Giller DB, Giller BD, Giller GV, Shcherbakova GV, Bizhanov AB, Enilenis II, Glotov AA. Giller DB, et al. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 May 1;53(5):967-972. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezx447. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018. PMID: 29244096
OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventional has been key in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) for a long time. Its importance diminished after the emergence of chemotherapy. However, the spread of rapid multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB has led us …
OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventional has been key in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) for a long time. Its importance diminished aft …
Canada's global health role: supporting equity and global citizenship as a middle power.
Nixon SA, Lee K, Bhutta ZA, Blanchard J, Haddad S, Hoffman SJ, Tugwell P. Nixon SA, et al. Lancet. 2018 Apr 28;391(10131):1736-1748. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30322-2. Epub 2018 Feb 23. Lancet. 2018. PMID: 29483026 Free PMC article. Review.
Canada's history of nation building, combined with its status as a so-called middle power in international affairs, has been translated into an approach to global health that is focused on equity and global citizenship. ...Conversely, when Canada has primarily used economi …
Canada's history of nation building, combined with its status as a so-called middle power in international affairs, has been translat …
Rod Lengthening With the Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod: Factors Influencing Rod Slippage and Reduced Gains During Distractions.
Cheung JPY, Yiu KKL, Samartzis D, Kwan K, Tan BB, Cheung KMC. Cheung JPY, et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Apr 1;43(7):E399-E405. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002358. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018. PMID: 28767632
Differences between expected and achieved distraction lengths were assessed with reference to rod slippage episodes and rod exchanges to determine any patterns of diminishing returns. RESULTS: Patients had mean age of 7.1 years at diagnosis with mean follow-up of 49 …
Differences between expected and achieved distraction lengths were assessed with reference to rod slippage episodes and rod exchanges to det …
Reading Fluency and Students With Reading Disabilities: How Fast Is Fast Enough to Promote Reading Comprehension?
O'Connor RE. O'Connor RE. J Learn Disabil. 2018 Mar/Apr;51(2):124-136. doi: 10.1177/0022219417691835. Epub 2017 Feb 1. J Learn Disabil. 2018. PMID: 29179613
The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Participants included 337 students with reading difficulties in second and fourth grade (61% eligible for special education; 80% with a diagnosis of …
The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Particip …
Autonomy and infant feeding decision-making among teenage mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Jama NA, Wilford A, Haskins L, Coutsoudis A, Spies L, Horwood C. Jama NA, et al. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Feb 17;18(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1675-7. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018. PMID: 29454323 Free PMC article.
Most feeding advice shared by family members was inappropriate, leading to poor infant feeding practices among teenage mothers. Returning to school and fear of breastfeeding in public were also barriers to exclusive breastfeeding. ...Health workers have an important role t …
Most feeding advice shared by family members was inappropriate, leading to poor infant feeding practices among teenage mothers. Returning
Blacks' Diminished Health Return of Family Structure and Socioeconomic Status; 15 Years of Follow-up of a National Urban Sample of Youth.
Assari S, Thomas A, Caldwell CH, Mincy RB. Assari S, et al. J Urban Health. 2018 Feb;95(1):21-35. doi: 10.1007/s11524-017-0217-3. J Urban Health. 2018. PMID: 29230628 Free PMC article.
The protective effect of family structure and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical and mental health is well established. There are reports, however, documenting a smaller return of SES among Blacks compared to Whites, also known as Blacks' diminished return
The protective effect of family structure and socioeconomic status (SES) on physical and mental health is well established. There are report …
Racial disparities in health among nonpoor African Americans and Hispanics: The role of acute and chronic discrimination.
Colen CG, Ramey DM, Cooksey EC, Williams DR. Colen CG, et al. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Feb;199:167-180. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.04.051. Epub 2017 May 6. Soc Sci Med. 2018. PMID: 28571900 Free PMC article.
Despite having access to above average social and economic resources, nonpoor African Americans and Latinos report significantly worse health compared to nonpoor Whites. We combine data from the parents and children of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
Despite having access to above average social and economic resources, nonpoor African Americans and Latinos report significantly worse healt …
Oral and Blood Neutrophil Activation States during Experimental Gingivitis.
Wellappuli NC, Fine N, Lawrence HP, Goldberg M, Tenenbaum HC, Glogauer M. Wellappuli NC, et al. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2018 Jan;3(1):65-75. doi: 10.1177/2380084417742120. Epub 2017 Nov 20. JDR Clin Trans Res. 2018. PMID: 30938653 Clinical Trial.
All clinical parameters increased significantly during the induction period and returned to baseline levels during the resolution phase. During the induction phase, while oral PMN counts increased, oral PMN activation state based on surface expression of CD63, CD11b, CD16, …
All clinical parameters increased significantly during the induction period and returned to baseline levels during the resolution pha …
Unequal Gain of Equal Resources across Racial Groups.
Assari S. Assari S. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2018 Jan 1;7(1):1-9. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2017.90. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2018. PMID: 29325397 Free PMC article.
This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systematically smaller health gain from economic resources and psychological assets for Blacks in comparison to Whites. ...As income was not found t …
This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systemat …
Perspectives from the Society for Pediatric Research: Decreased Effectiveness of the Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine.
Gill MA, Schlaudecker EP. Gill MA, et al. Pediatr Res. 2018 Jan;83(1-1):31-40. doi: 10.1038/pr.2017.239. Epub 2017 Nov 8. Pediatr Res. 2018. PMID: 28945700 Review.
The intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), FluMist, has been widely appreciated by pediatricians, parents, and children alike for its ease of administration. However, concerns regarding lack of effectiveness in recent influenza seasons led to the CDC Advisory …
The intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), FluMist, has been widely appreciated by pediatricians, parents, and children
Factors promoting and inhibiting sustained impact of a mental health task-shifting program for HIV providers in Ethiopia.
Jerene D, Biru M, Teklu A, Rehman T, Ruff A, Wissow L. Jerene D, et al. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2017 Dec 4;4:e24. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2017.21. eCollection 2017. Glob Ment Health (Camb). 2017. PMID: 29230320 Free PMC article.
They were more likely to request that patients with mental health problems return to see them v. making a referral. Factors promoting sustainability (reported in semi-structured interviews): provider belief that the treatments they had learned were effective. New interacti …
They were more likely to request that patients with mental health problems return to see them v. making a referral. Factors promoting …
Does the law of diminishing returns apply to the lengthening of the MCGR rod in early onset scoliosis with reference to growth velocity?
Gardner A, Beaven A, Marks D, Spilsbury J, Mehta J, Newton Ede M. Gardner A, et al. J Spine Surg. 2017 Dec;3(4):525-530. doi: 10.21037/jss.2017.08.16. J Spine Surg. 2017. PMID: 29354727 Free PMC article.
BACKGROUND: This study is a single centre retrospective review of prospectively collected data. The 'law of diminishing returns' describes the number of lengthening episodes that a traditional growth rod (TGR) can undergo before stiffness across the construct preven …
BACKGROUND: This study is a single centre retrospective review of prospectively collected data. The 'law of diminishing returns
Quantifying the 'law of diminishing returns' in magnetically controlled growing rods.
Ahmad A, Subramanian T, Panteliadis P, Wilson-Macdonald J, Rothenfluh DA, Nnadi C. Ahmad A, et al. Bone Joint J. 2017 Dec;99-B(12):1658-1664. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.99B12.BJJ-2017-0402.R2. Bone Joint J. 2017. PMID: 29212690
Conventional growing rod systems (CGRS) need repeated surgical distractions: these are associated with the effect of the 'law of diminishing returns'. The primary aim of this study was to quantify this effect in MCGRs over sequential distractions. ...At the 24-month …
Conventional growing rod systems (CGRS) need repeated surgical distractions: these are associated with the effect of the 'law of diminish
Paper #25: Quantifying the 'Law of Diminishing Returns' in Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods.
Ahmad A, Subramanian T, Panteliadis P, Wilson-Macdonald J, Rothenfluh D, Nnadi C. Ahmad A, et al. Spine Deform. 2017 Nov;5(6):452. doi: 10.1016/j.jspd.2017.09.028. Spine Deform. 2017. PMID: 31997185
The 'law of diminishing returns' can also be observed following serial distraction in MCGR. In comparison to previously published data for CGRS, there is a gradual linear decline as opposed to a rapid initial decline in lengthening. In the older, heavier child
The 'law of diminishing returns' can also be observed following serial distraction in MCGR. In comparison to previously publis …
Antecedent Hypoglycemia Does Not Attenuate the Acceleration of Gastric Emptying by Hypoglycemia.
Kar P, Jones KL, Plummer MP, Ali Abdelhamid Y, Giersch EJ, Summers MJ, Hatzinikolas S, Heller S, Horowitz M, Deane AM. Kar P, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Nov 1;102(11):3953-3960. doi: 10.1210/jc.2017-00051. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017. PMID: 28973430 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Participants were monitored overnight, and the following morning blood glucose was clamped at 2.8 mmol/L for 60 minutes and then at 6 mmol/L for 120 minutes. At least 6 weeks later participants returned for the alternative intervention. Gastric emptying and cardiac fractio …
Participants were monitored overnight, and the following morning blood glucose was clamped at 2.8 mmol/L for 60 minutes and then at 6 mmol/L …
Brief Report: Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Use Does Not Diminish the Effectiveness of Hormonal Contraception.
Balkus JE, Palanee-Phillips T, Reddy K, Siva S, Harkoo I, Nakabiito C, Kintu K, Nair G, Chappell C, Kiweewa FM, Kabwigu S, Naidoo L, Jeenarain N, Marzinke M, Soto-Torres L, Brown ER, Baeten JM. Balkus JE, et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Oct 1;76(2):e47-e51. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001455. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017. PMID: 28542081 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Pregnancy incidence by arm was calculated separately for each hormonal contraceptive method and compared using an Andersen-Gill proportional hazards model stratified by site and censored at HIV-1 infection. RESULTS: Of 2629 women enrolled, 2310 women returned for follow-up …
Pregnancy incidence by arm was calculated separately for each hormonal contraceptive method and compared using an Andersen-Gill proportional …
Human hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction is unaltered by 8 h of preceding isocapnic hyperoxia.
Cheng HY, Croft QPP, Frise MC, Talbot NP, Petousi N, Robbins PA, Dorrington KL. Cheng HY, et al. Physiol Rep. 2017 Sep;5(17):e13396. doi: 10.14814/phy2.13396. Physiol Rep. 2017. PMID: 28899910 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
Exposure to sustained hypoxia of 8 h duration increases the sensitivity of the pulmonary vasculature to acute hypoxia, but it is not known whether exposure to sustained hyperoxia affects human pulmonary vascular control. We hypothesized that exposure to 8 h of hyperoxia would …
Exposure to sustained hypoxia of 8 h duration increases the sensitivity of the pulmonary vasculature to acute hypoxia, but it is not known w …
Feasibility and efficacy of an extended trial of home-based working memory training for pediatric brain tumor survivors: a pilot study.
Carlson-Green B, Puig J, Bendel A. Carlson-Green B, et al. Neurooncol Pract. 2017 Jun;4(2):111-120. doi: 10.1093/nop/npw015. Epub 2016 Aug 26. Neurooncol Pract. 2017. PMID: 31385985 Free PMC article.
Recent studies of pediatric cancer survivors suggest Cogmed Working Memory Training is effective at improving working memory, although pediatric brain tumor survivors may demonstrate a less robust response than children with other cancers. The current study sought to deter …
Recent studies of pediatric cancer survivors suggest Cogmed Working Memory Training is effective at improving working memory, although pedia …
Public health intervention over four decades for the children in the Australian Capital Territory: Have we reached the point of diminishing returns?
Sohal I, Kruger E, Tennant M. Sohal I, et al. Community Dent Health. 2017 Jun;34(2):84-87. doi: 10.1922/CDH_3997Sohal04. Community Dent Health. 2017. PMID: 28573837 Free article.
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four decades owing to advances in service access, fluoride exposure, socio-economic development and improved diets, with the DMFT score of 12 year- …
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four de …
Measures of and changes in heart rate variability in pediatric heart transplant recipients.
Williams T, Tang X, Gilmore G, Gossett J, Knecht KR. Williams T, et al. Pediatr Transplant. 2017 Jun;21(4). doi: 10.1111/petr.12894. Epub 2017 Feb 8. Pediatr Transplant. 2017. PMID: 28181355
Heart transplant recipients undergo surgical denervation of the graft, which results in interruption of autonomic innervation with resultant diminished heart rate variability although some degree of autonomic control may return. ...
Heart transplant recipients undergo surgical denervation of the graft, which results in interruption of autonomic innervation with resultant …
Magnetically controlled growing rod in early onset scoliosis: a 30-case multicenter study.
Lebon J, Batailler C, Wargny M, Choufani E, Violas P, Fron D, Kieffer J, Accadbled F, Cunin V, De Gauzy JS. Lebon J, et al. Eur Spine J. 2017 Jun;26(6):1567-1576. doi: 10.1007/s00586-016-4929-y. Epub 2016 Dec 31. Eur Spine J. 2017. PMID: 28040873
However, it has substantial complication rate. Although less frequent than in GR, the law of diminishing returns also applies to MCGR....
However, it has substantial complication rate. Although less frequent than in GR, the law of diminishing returns also applies …
Oxytocin treatment in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study.
Miller JL, Tamura R, Butler MG, Kimonis V, Sulsona C, Gold JA, Driscoll DJ. Miller JL, et al. Am J Med Genet A. 2017 May;173(5):1243-1250. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38160. Epub 2017 Mar 30. Am J Med Genet A. 2017. PMID: 28371242 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 24 children with PWS at three academic institutions using 5 days of intranasal oxytocin (IN-OT) or 5 days of intranasal placebo spray, followed by a 4 week washout period, and then patients returned
We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 24 children with PWS at three academic institutions using 5 days …
Diagnosing Urogenital Schistosomiasis: Dealing with Diminishing Returns.
Le L, Hsieh MH. Le L, et al. Trends Parasitol. 2017 May;33(5):378-387. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2016.12.009. Epub 2017 Jan 13. Trends Parasitol. 2017. PMID: 28094201 Review.
Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma haematobium, is the most prevalent form of schistosomiasis affecting humans, and can result in severe bladder, kidney, ureteral, and genital pathologies. Chronic infection with S. haematobium has been linked with bladder ca …
Urogenital schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma haematobium, is the most prevalent form of schistosomiasis affecting humans, and can resul …
Intensity of Vasopressor Therapy for Septic Shock and the Risk of In-Hospital Death.
Brand DA, Patrick PA, Berger JT, Ibrahim M, Matela A, Upadhyay S, Spiegler P. Brand DA, et al. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 May;53(5):938-943. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2016.12.333. Epub 2017 Jan 3. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017. PMID: 28062334 Free article.
CONCLUSION: When a standard full dose of a vasopressor fails to normalize blood pressure in a patient with septic shock, escalation begins to yield diminishing returns as the dose and multiplicity of agents approach practical upper limits. Although it is not possibl …
CONCLUSION: When a standard full dose of a vasopressor fails to normalize blood pressure in a patient with septic shock, escalation begins t …
Rapid diagnostic tests duo as alternative to conventional serological assays for conclusive Chagas disease diagnosis.
Egüez KE, Alonso-Padilla J, Terán C, Chipana Z, García W, Torrico F, Gascon J, Lozano-Beltran DF, Pinazo MJ. Egüez KE, et al. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Apr 3;11(4):e0005501. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005501. eCollection 2017 Apr. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017. PMID: 28369081 Free PMC article.
As a result, many infected people often remain undiagnosed until it is too late, as the two available chemotherapies show diminished efficacy in the advanced chronic stage. Easy-to-use rapid diagnostic tests have been developed to be implemented in remote areas as an alter …
As a result, many infected people often remain undiagnosed until it is too late, as the two available chemotherapies show diminished
Geospatial Planning and the Resulting Economic Impact of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Introduction in Mozambique.
Haidari LA, Brown ST, Constenla D, Zenkov E, Ferguson M, de Broucker G, Ozawa S, Clark S, Portnoy A, Lee BY. Haidari LA, et al. Sex Transm Dis. 2017 Apr;44(4):222-226. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000574. Sex Transm Dis. 2017. PMID: 28282648 Free PMC article.
At higher catchment area radii, additional increases in catchment area radius raise population coverage with diminishing returns. CONCLUSIONS: Much of the population in Mozambique is unable to reach any existing immunization location, thereby reducing the potential …
At higher catchment area radii, additional increases in catchment area radius raise population coverage with diminishing returns
Patellar Sleeve Fracture With Ossification of the Patellar Tendon.
Damrow DS, Van Valin SE. Damrow DS, et al. Orthopedics. 2017 Mar 1;40(2):e357-e359. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20161026-02. Epub 2016 Nov 1. Orthopedics. 2017. PMID: 27798714
The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation. On presentation, he had patella alta, diminished strength, 5 of extensor lag, and radiographs that revealed bone formation along the patellar tendon. .. …
The authors describe a case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a patellar sleeve fracture 3 years prior to presentation. On presentation, he …
A comprehensive look at phobic fear in inhibition of return: Phobia-related spiders as cues and targets.
Berdica E, Gerdes AB, Alpers GW. Berdica E, et al. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2017 Mar;54:158-164. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.07.013. Epub 2016 Jul 29. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2017. PMID: 27517673
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The so called inhibition of return (IOR) effect refers to a bias against returning attention to a location which was previously investigated. ...RESULTS: Results showed that the IOR effect remained stable and did not diminish with e …
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The so called inhibition of return (IOR) effect refers to a bias against returning attention to a l …
Multimodal impairment-based physical therapy for the treatment of patients with post-concussion syndrome: A retrospective analysis on safety and feasibility.
Grabowski P, Wilson J, Walker A, Enz D, Wang S. Grabowski P, et al. Phys Ther Sport. 2017 Jan;23:22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.06.001. Epub 2016 Jun 7. Phys Ther Sport. 2017. PMID: 27665247
CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal, impairment-based PT is safe and associated with diminishing PCS symptoms. This establishes feasibility for future clinical trials to determine viable treatment approaches to reduce symptoms and improve function while avoiding negative repercussions …
CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal, impairment-based PT is safe and associated with diminishing PCS symptoms. This establishes feasibility for f …
Duration of Prehospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Favorable Neurological Outcomes for Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study.
Goto Y, Funada A, Goto Y. Goto Y, et al. Circulation. 2016 Dec 20;134(25):2046-2059. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.023821. Epub 2016 Oct 24. Circulation. 2016. PMID: 27777278
The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the chance for favorable outcomes diminished to <1%, was 42 minutes for each key outcome, 30-day survival, and 30-day survival with CPC 1 to 2. ...The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the …
The duration of prehospital EMS-initiated CPR, beyond which the chance for favorable outcomes diminished to <1%, was 42 minutes fo …
Frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod for early-onset scoliosis and avoidance of the law of diminishing returns.
Cheung JP, Bow C, Samartzis D, Kwan K, Cheung KM. Cheung JP, et al. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2016 Dec;24(3):332-337. doi: 10.1177/1602400312. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2016. PMID: 28031501 Free article.
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) on spinal length gain and achieved distraction length in children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS), and to determine whether the law of diminishing retu
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of frequent small distractions with a magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) on spinal length gain and ach …