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Training the Gut for Athletes.
Jeukendrup AE. Jeukendrup AE. Sports Med. 2017 Mar;47(Suppl 1):101-110. doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0690-6. Sports Med. 2017. PMID: 28332114 Free PMC article. Review.
It is clear that "nutritional training" can improve gastric emptying and absorption and likely reduce the chances and/or severity of GI problems, thereby improving endurance performance as well as providing a better experience for the athlete. The gut is an i …
It is clear that "nutritional training" can improve gastric emptying and absorption and likely reduce the chances and/or severity of …
Gut-training: the impact of two weeks repetitive gut-challenge during exercise on gastrointestinal status, glucose availability, fuel kinetics, and running performance.
Costa RJS, Miall A, Khoo A, Rauch C, Snipe R, Camões-Costa V, Gibson P. Costa RJS, et al. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017 May;42(5):547-557. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2016-0453. Epub 2017 Mar 22. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2017. PMID: 28177715 Clinical Trial.
Participants were then randomly assigned to a carbohydrate gel-disc (CHO-S), carbohydrate food (CHO-F), or placebo (PLA) gut-training group for 2 weeks of repetitive gut-challenge intervention. ...Distance test improved on CHO-S (5.2%) and CHO-F …
Participants were then randomly assigned to a carbohydrate gel-disc (CHO-S), carbohydrate food (CHO-F), or placebo (PLA) gut- …
Multiple-Transportable Carbohydrate Effect on Long-Distance Triathlon Performance.
Rowlands DS, Houltham SD. Rowlands DS, et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Aug;49(8):1734-1744. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001278. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017. PMID: 28350714 Clinical Trial.
The ingestion of multiple (2:1 glucose-fructose) transportable carbohydrate in beverages at high rates (>78 g·h) during endurance exercise enhances exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid absorption, gut comfort, and performance relative to glucose alone. However …
The ingestion of multiple (2:1 glucose-fructose) transportable carbohydrate in beverages at high rates (>78 g·h) during endurance
Changes in intestinal microbiota composition and metabolism coincide with increased intestinal permeability in young adults under prolonged physiological stress.
Karl JP, Margolis LM, Madslien EH, Murphy NE, Castellani JW, Gundersen Y, Hoke AV, Levangie MW, Kumar R, Chakraborty N, Gautam A, Hammamieh R, Martini S, Montain SJ, Pasiakos SM. Karl JP, et al. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2017 Jun 1;312(6):G559-G571. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00066.2017. Epub 2017 Mar 23. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2017. PMID: 28336545 Free article. Clinical Trial.
This study used a systems biology approach and a multiple-stressor military training environment to determine the effects of physiological stress on intestinal microbiota composition and metabolic activity, as well as intestinal permeability (IP). ...Findings demonstrate t …
This study used a systems biology approach and a multiple-stressor military training environment to determine the effects of physiolo …
Solid, Gel, and Liquid Carbohydrate Format Effects on Gut Comfort and Performance.
Guillochon M, Rowlands DS. Guillochon M, et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2017 Jun;27(3):247-254. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0211. Epub 2016 Dec 20. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2017. PMID: 27997257 Clinical Trial.
In a treatmentapparent randomized crossover design, 12 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials comprising a 140-min race simulation, followed by a double-blind slow-ramp to exhaustion (0.333 W·s(-1)). ...Relative to a gel, carbohydrate bar ingestion reduced peak powe …
In a treatmentapparent randomized crossover design, 12 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials comprising a 140-min race simula …
Appetite, food intake and gut hormone responses to intense aerobic exercise of different duration.
Holliday A, Blannin A. Holliday A, et al. J Endocrinol. 2017 Dec;235(3):193-205. doi: 10.1530/JOE-16-0570. Epub 2017 Sep 4. J Endocrinol. 2017. PMID: 28870887 Clinical Trial.
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of acute bouts of high-intensity aerobic exercise of differing durations on subjective appetite, food intake and appetite-associated hormones in endurance-trained males. ...In conclusion, high-intensity aerobic c …
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of acute bouts of high-intensity aerobic exercise of differing durations on subjective …
Two weeks of repetitive gut-challenge reduce exercise-associated gastrointestinal symptoms and malabsorption.
Miall A, Khoo A, Rauch C, Snipe RMJ, Camões-Costa VL, Gibson PR, Costa RJS. Miall A, et al. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Feb;28(2):630-640. doi: 10.1111/sms.12912. Epub 2017 Jun 19. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018. PMID: 28508559 Clinical Trial.
Gastrointestinal symptoms, feeding tolerance, and breath hydrogen (H(2) ) were determined along the gut-challenge trial. After GC1, participants were randomly assigned to a blinded carbohydrate (CHO, 90 gCHO hour(-1) ) or placebo (PLA, 0 gCHO hour(-1) ) gut-train
Gastrointestinal symptoms, feeding tolerance, and breath hydrogen (H(2) ) were determined along the gut-challenge trial. After GC1, p …
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