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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1945 2
1946 1
1947 1
1949 1
1951 1
1952 2
1954 1
1955 1
1956 2
1957 1
1958 2
1959 2
1960 4
1961 2
1962 2
1963 3
1964 3
1965 6
1966 6
1967 3
1968 5
1969 2
1970 1
1971 3
1972 2
1973 3
1974 3
1975 8
1976 20
1977 19
1978 21
1979 17
1980 35
1981 37
1982 52
1983 44
1984 52
1985 48
1986 42
1987 33
1988 34
1989 31
1990 28
1991 39
1992 41
1993 44
1994 45
1995 68
1996 70
1997 57
1998 81
1999 94
2000 128
2001 132
2002 164
2003 164
2004 190
2005 211
2006 249
2007 266
2008 225
2009 198
2010 190
2011 245
2012 242
2013 248
2014 261
2015 248
2016 196
2017 237
2018 222
2019 236
2020 208
2021 187
2022 159
2023 99
2024 65

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5,558 results

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Page 1
gamma-Butyrolactone.
[No authors listed] [No authors listed] IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 1999;71 Pt 2(PT 2):367-82. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 1999. PMID: 10476453 Free PMC article. Review. No abstract available.
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), 1,4-butanediol (1,4BD), and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) intoxication: A state-of-the-art review.
Dufayet L, Bargel S, Bonnet A, Boukerma AK, Chevallier C, Evrard M, Guillotin S, Loeuillet E, Paradis C, Pouget AM, Reynoard J, Vaucel JA. Dufayet L, et al. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2023 Aug;142:105435. doi: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2023.105435. Epub 2023 Jun 19. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2023. PMID: 37343712 Review.
gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is synthesized endogenously from gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or exogenously from 1,4-butanediol (butane-1,4-diol; 1,4-BD) or gamma-butyrolactone (GBL). ...
gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is synthesized endogenously from gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or exogenously from 1,4-butanediol
Hyperglycaemia induced by gamma-butyrolactone.
Raven LM, Morris P, Greenfield JR. Raven LM, et al. Diabet Med. 2022 Aug;39(8):e14850. doi: 10.1111/dme.14850. Epub 2022 Apr 18. Diabet Med. 2022. PMID: 35426170 No abstract available.
The clinical toxicology of gamma-hydroxybutyrate, gamma-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol.
Schep LJ, Knudsen K, Slaughter RJ, Vale JA, Mégarbane B. Schep LJ, et al. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012 Jul;50(6):458-70. doi: 10.3109/15563650.2012.702218. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012. PMID: 22746383 Review.
INTRODUCTION: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD), are drugs of abuse which act primarily as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. ...The majority of a dose is eliminated completely within …
INTRODUCTION: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD), ar …
Gamma-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol: abused analogues of gamma-hydroxybutyrate.
Palmer RB. Palmer RB. Toxicol Rev. 2004;23(1):21-31. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200423010-00003. Toxicol Rev. 2004. PMID: 15298490 Review.
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a GABA-active CNS depressant, commonly used as a drug of abuse. ...This diminished availability of GHB caused a shift toward GHB analogues such as gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD) as precursors and surrogate
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a GABA-active CNS depressant, commonly used as a drug of abuse. ...This diminished availability of GHB
Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD; BDO): A literature review with a focus on UK fatalities related to non-medical use.
Corkery JM, Loi B, Claridge H, Goodair C, Corazza O, Elliott S, Schifano F. Corkery JM, et al. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015 Jun;53:52-78. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.03.012. Epub 2015 Apr 3. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2015. PMID: 25843781 Review.
Misuse of gamma hydroxybutrate (GHB) and gamma butyrolactone (GBL) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, being implicated in a rising number of deaths. ...
Misuse of gamma hydroxybutrate (GHB) and gamma butyrolactone (GBL) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, being i …
Advances, Challenges, and Opportunities of Poly(gamma-butyrolactone)-Based Recyclable Polymers.
Liu Y, Wu J, Hu X, Zhu N, Guo K. Liu Y, et al. ACS Macro Lett. 2021 Feb 16;10(2):284-296. doi: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.0c00813. Epub 2021 Feb 3. ACS Macro Lett. 2021. PMID: 35570792
This viewpoint focuses on the emerging fully chemical recyclable poly(gamma-butyrolactone)-based polymers. The breakthrough from nonpolymerizable to efficient polymerization is highlighted by the benefits of the development of a series of catalysis for ring-opening …
This viewpoint focuses on the emerging fully chemical recyclable poly(gamma-butyrolactone)-based polymers. The breakthrough fr …
Smartphone-based colorimetric determination of gamma-butyrolactone and gamma-hydroxybutyrate in alcoholic beverage samples.
Procida A, Honeychurch KC. Procida A, et al. J Forensic Sci. 2022 Jul;67(4):1697-1703. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.15042. Epub 2022 Apr 3. J Forensic Sci. 2022. PMID: 35368091 Free PMC article.
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GBH) is a popular recreational drug. Its strong sedative and amnesic effects have led to drug-facilitated sexual assaults, poisonings, overdose, and death. As a result, legislation has restricted its availability leading to GHB, consumers switching t
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GBH) is a popular recreational drug. Its strong sedative and amnesic effects have led to drug-facilitated sexu
Gamma-butyrolactone drug detection by Al-doped BC(3) nanotubes: A density functional theory study.
Ling-Yan W, Ai-Min L, Hamreh S. Ling-Yan W, et al. J Mol Graph Model. 2020 Sep;99:107632. doi: 10.1016/j.jmgm.2020.107632. Epub 2020 May 10. J Mol Graph Model. 2020. PMID: 32417724
Potential application of a pristine and Al-doped BC(3) nanotube (Al-BC(3)NT) is explored in detection of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) drug using DFT calculations. The GBL drug weakly adsorbed of the pristine BC(3)NT with adsorption energy (E(ad)) of -11.7 kcal/mol. ...
Potential application of a pristine and Al-doped BC(3) nanotube (Al-BC(3)NT) is explored in detection of gamma-butyrolactone ( …
5,558 results