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Table representation of search results timeline featuring number of search results per year.

Year Number of Results
1945 4
1946 11
1947 12
1948 8
1949 12
1950 13
1951 15
1952 14
1953 21
1954 30
1955 26
1956 59
1957 52
1958 57
1959 48
1960 19
1961 27
1962 53
1963 45
1964 45
1965 47
1966 45
1967 86
1968 150
1969 156
1970 180
1971 193
1972 192
1973 268
1974 316
1975 312
1976 333
1977 357
1978 407
1979 389
1980 393
1981 425
1982 389
1983 449
1984 526
1985 451
1986 516
1987 533
1988 545
1989 651
1990 743
1991 773
1992 876
1993 1089
1994 1136
1995 1220
1996 1370
1997 1470
1998 1534
1999 1630
2000 1811
2001 1916
2002 2066
2003 2259
2004 2382
2005 2717
2006 3025
2007 3361
2008 3724
2009 3950
2010 4147
2011 4648
2012 4898
2013 5304
2014 5565
2015 5666
2016 5745
2017 6100
2018 6507
2019 6966
2020 7626
2021 6028
2022 115
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103,340 results
Results by year
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Page 1
Sex and gender: modifiers of health, disease, and medicine.
Mauvais-Jarvis F, Bairey Merz N, Barnes PJ, Brinton RD, Carrero JJ, DeMeo DL, De Vries GJ, Epperson CN, Govindan R, Klein SL, Lonardo A, Maki PM, McCullough LD, Regitz-Zagrosek V, Regensteiner JG, Rubin JB, Sandberg K, Suzuki A. Mauvais-Jarvis F, et al. Lancet. 2020 Aug 22;396(10250):565-582. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31561-0. Lancet. 2020. PMID: 32828189 Free PMC article. Review.
Clinicians can encounter sex and gender disparities in diagnostic and therapeutic responses. ...We aim to guide clinicians and researchers to consider sex and gender in their approach to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases as a necessary a …
Clinicians can encounter sex and gender disparities in diagnostic and therapeutic responses. ...We aim to guide clinicians and …
Transgender Women in the Female Category of Sport: Perspectives on Testosterone Suppression and Performance Advantage.
Hilton EN, Lundberg TR. Hilton EN, et al. Sports Med. 2021 Feb;51(2):199-214. doi: 10.1007/s40279-020-01389-3. Sports Med. 2021. PMID: 33289906 Free PMC article. Review.
Males enjoy physical performance advantages over females within competitive sport. The sex-based segregation into male and female sporting categories does not account for transgender persons who experience incongruence between their biological sex and their e …
Males enjoy physical performance advantages over females within competitive sport. The sex-based segregation into male and fem …
Is COVID-19 Gender-sensitive?
Mukherjee S, Pahan K. Mukherjee S, et al. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2021 Mar;16(1):38-47. doi: 10.1007/s11481-020-09974-z. Epub 2021 Jan 6. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2021. PMID: 33405098 Free PMC article. Review.
This review examines the evidence for these sex and gender differences and aims to illustrate possible mechanisms behind such sensitivity. ...Furthermore, these disparities may also be attributed to sex-based difference in immunological r …
This review examines the evidence for these sex and gender differences and aims to illustrate possible mechanisms behin …
Sex/gender differences and autism: setting the scene for future research.
Lai MC, Lombardo MV, Auyeung B, Chakrabarti B, Baron-Cohen S. Lai MC, et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Jan;54(1):11-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2014.10.003. Epub 2014 Oct 16. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015. PMID: 25524786 Free PMC article. Review.
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sex/gender differences and autism has attracted a variety of research ranging from clinical and neurobiological to etiological, stimulated by the male bias in autism prevalence. ...RESULTS: Level 1, "Nosological and diagnos …
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sex/gender differences and autism has attracted a variety of research ranging from …
The Biological Contributions to Gender Identity and Gender Diversity: Bringing Data to the Table.
Polderman TJC, Kreukels BPC, Irwig MS, Beach L, Chan YM, Derks EM, Esteva I, Ehrenfeld J, Heijer MD, Posthuma D, Raynor L, Tishelman A, Davis LK; International Gender Diversity Genomics Consortium. Polderman TJC, et al. Behav Genet. 2018 Mar;48(2):95-108. doi: 10.1007/s10519-018-9889-z. Epub 2018 Feb 19. Behav Genet. 2018. PMID: 29460079 Review.
The American Psychological Association defines gender identity as, "A person's deeply-felt, inherent sense of being a boy, a man, or a male; a girl, a woman, or a female; or an alternative gender (e.g., genderqueer, gender nonconforming, gend
The American Psychological Association defines gender identity as, "A person's deeply-felt, inherent sense of being a b …
Understanding the impact of sex and gender in Alzheimer's disease: A call to action.
Nebel RA, Aggarwal NT, Barnes LL, Gallagher A, Goldstein JM, Kantarci K, Mallampalli MP, Mormino EC, Scott L, Yu WH, Maki PM, Mielke MM. Nebel RA, et al. Alzheimers Dement. 2018 Sep;14(9):1171-1183. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2018.04.008. Epub 2018 Jun 12. Alzheimers Dement. 2018. PMID: 29907423 Free PMC article. Review.
METHODS: The Society for Women's Health Research Interdisciplinary Network on AD, comprised of an expert panel of scientists and clinicians, reviewed ongoing and published research related to sex and gender differences in AD. RESULTS: The current revie …
METHODS: The Society for Women's Health Research Interdisciplinary Network on AD, comprised of an expert panel of scientists and clin …
Considering sex and gender in Alzheimer disease and other dementias.
Podcasy JL, Epperson CN. Podcasy JL, et al. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2016 Dec;18(4):437-446. doi: 10.31887/DCNS.2016.18.4/cepperson. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2016. PMID: 28179815 Free PMC article. Review.
Suffering related to dementia is multifaceted because cognitive and physical functioning slowly deteriorates. Advanced age and sex, two of the most prominent risk factors for dementia, are not modifiable. ...For example, females are at greater risk of developing Alz …
Suffering related to dementia is multifaceted because cognitive and physical functioning slowly deteriorates. Advanced age and sex, t …
The influence of sex and gender on immunity, infection and vaccination.
Ruggieri A, Anticoli S, D'Ambrosio A, Giordani L, Viora M. Ruggieri A, et al. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2016 Apr-Jun;52(2):198-204. doi: 10.4415/ANN_16_02_11. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2016. PMID: 27364394 Free article. Review.
Sex/gender significantly contribute to shape the immune responses, contributing to differences in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases in males and females, the response to viral vaccines and the prevalence of autoimmune diseases. ...At the same time, wome
Sex/gender significantly contribute to shape the immune responses, contributing to differences in the pathogenesis of i
The Biology of Sex and Sport.
Bassett AJ, Ahlmen A, Rosendorf JM, Romeo AA, Erickson BJ, Bishop ME. Bassett AJ, et al. JBJS Rev. 2020 Mar;8(3):e0140. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.19.00140. JBJS Rev. 2020. PMID: 32224635 Review.
Sex and gender are not the same. Sex is defined by the human genotype and pertains to biologic differences between males and females. ...Females exhibit less muscle fatigability and faster recovery during endurance exercise. Physiologic sex-b
Sex and gender are not the same. Sex is defined by the human genotype and pertains to biologic differences betwe
Sex and gender differences in pain and analgesia.
Mogil JS, Bailey AL. Mogil JS, et al. Prog Brain Res. 2010;186:141-57. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53630-3.00009-9. Prog Brain Res. 2010. PMID: 21094890 Review.
Although sex differences in sociocultural, psychological, and experiential factors likely play important roles, evidence largely from animal studies has revealed surprisingly robust and often qualitative sex differences at low levels of the neur …
Although sex differences in sociocultural, psychological, and experiential factors likely play important roles, evidenc …
103,340 results
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